Sverige - svenska - Läkemedelsverket (Medical Products Agency)
Package leaflet: Information for the user
Metoject 7.5 mg solution for injection in pre-filled pen
Metoject 10 mg solution for injection in pre-filled pen
Metoject 15 mg solution for injection in pre-filled pen
Metoject 20 mg solution for injection in pre-filled pen
Metoject 25 mg solution for injection in pre-filled pen
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine because it contains
important information for you.
Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them,
even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side
effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet
What Metoject is and what it is used for
What you need to know before you use Metoject
How to use Metoject
Possible side effects
How to store Metoject
Contents of the pack and other information
What Metoject is and what it is used for
Metoject is indicated for the treatment of
active rheumatoid arthritis in adult patients.
severe recalcitrant disabling psoriasis, which is not adequately responsive to other forms of
therapy such as phototherapy, PUVA, and retinoids, and severe psoriatic arthritis in adult
is a chronic collagen disease, characterised by inflammation of the
synovial membranes (joint membranes). These membranes produce a fluid which acts as a lubricant
for many joints. The inflammation causes thickening of the membrane and swelling of the joint.
is a common chronic skin disease, characterised by red patches covered by thick, dry,
silvery, adherent scales.
is a kind of arthritis with psoriatic lesions of the skin and nails, especially at the
joints of fingers and toes.
Metoject modifies and slows down the progression of the disease.
What you need to know before you use Metoject
Do not use Metoject if you
are allergic to methotrexate or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
suffer from liver or severe kidney diseases or blood diseases.
regularly drink large amounts of alcohol.
suffer from a severe infection, such as tuberculosis, HIV or other immunodeficiency syndromes.
suffer from mouth ulcers, stomach ulcer or intestinal ulcer.
are pregnant or breast-feeding (see section “Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility”).
receive vaccinations with live vaccines at the same time.
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Metoject if you:
are elderly or if you feel generally unwell and weak.
have problems with the way your liver works.
suffer from dehydration (water loss).
Pregnant women should not administer Metoject or handle the prefilled pen.
Methotrexate should not come into contact with the surface of the skin or mucosa. In the event
of contamination, the affected area must be rinsed immediately with plenty of water.
Special precautionary measures for treatment with Metoject
Methotrexate temporarily affects sperm and egg production, which is reversible in most cases.
Methotrexate can cause miscarriage and severe birth defects. You must avoid becoming pregnant
when using methotrexate and for at least six months after treatment has stopped. See also section
“Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility”.
Recommended follow-up examinations and safety measures
Even when Metoject is administered in low doses, severe side effects can occur. In order to detect
them in time, check-ups and laboratory tests have to be carried out by your doctor.
Before starting the treatment, blood samples will be taken in order to check that you have enough
blood cells, tests to check your liver function, serum albumin (a protein in the blood) and kidney
function. Your doctor will also check if you suffer from tuberculosis (infectious disease in
combination with little nodules in the affected tissue) and a chest X-ray will be taken.
You will have the following tests at least once a month during the first six months and at least every
three months thereafter:
Examination of the mouth and throat for changes of the mucosa
Check of liver function
Check of kidney function
Check of respiratory system and if necessary lung function test
Acute bleeding from the lungs in patients with underlying rheumatologic disease has been reported
with methotrexate. If you experience symptoms of spitting or coughing up blood you should contact
your doctor immediately.
Methotrexate may affect your immune system and vaccination results. It may also affect the result of
immunological tests. Inactive, chronic infections (such as herpes zoster [shingles], tuberculosis,
hepatitis B or C) may flare up.
During therapy with Metoject you must not be vaccinated with live
Radiation-induced dermatitis and sun-burn can reappear under methotrexate therapy (recall-reaction).
Psoriatic lesions can exacerbate during UV-irradiation and simultaneous administration of
Enlarged lymph nodes (lymphoma) may occur and if this is the case therapy must be stopped.
Diarrhoea can be a possible side effect of Metoject and requires an interruption of therapy. If you
suffer from diarrhoea please speak to your doctor.
Certain brain disorders (encephalopathy / leukoencephalopathy) have been reported in cancer patients
receiving methotrexate. Such side effects cannot be excluded when methotrexate is used to treat other
Other medicines and Metoject
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other
medicines. Please note that this also applies to medicines that you will take
in the future
The effect of the treatment may be affected if Metoject is administered at the same time as certain
such as: tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, non-absorbable broad-spectrum antibiotics,
penicillines, glycopeptides, sulphonamides ciprofloxacin and cefalotin (medicines to
prevent/fight certain infections).
(medicines against pain and/or
inflammation such as acetylsalicylic acid, diclofenac and ibuprofen or pyrazole).
(medicine against gout).
Weak organic acids like loop diuretics (“water tablets”).
Medicines which may have adverse effects on the
, such as trimethoprim-
sulphamethoxazole (an antibiotic) and pyrimethamine.
used to treat rheumatoid arthritis
such as leflunomide, sulphasalazine and
Retinoids (medicine against psoriasis and other dermatological diseases).
Theophylline (medicine against bronchial asthma and other lung diseases).
Some medicines against
such as omeprazole and pantoprazole.
Hypoglycaemics (medicines that are used to
lower the blood sugar
Vitamins containing folic acid may impair the effect of your treatment and should only be taken when
advised by your doctor.
Vaccination with live vaccine must be avoided.
Metoject with food, drink and alcohol
Alcohol as well as large amounts of coffee, caffeine-containing soft drinks and black tea should be
avoided during treatment with Metoject
Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility
Do not use Metoject during pregnancy
or if you are trying to become pregnant. Methotrexate can cause
birth defects, harm the unborn child or cause
It is associated
malformations of the
skull, face, heart and blood vessels, brain and limbs. Therefore, it is very important that Methotrexate
is not given to pregnant patients or patients planning to become pregnant. In women of child-bearing
age, any possibility of pregnancy must be excluded with appropriate measures,e.g. pregnancy
testbefore starting treatment.
You must avoid becoming pregnant whilst taking methotrexate and for at least 6 months after
treatment is stopped by using reliable contraception throughout this time (see also section “Warnings
If you do become pregnant during treatment or suspect you might be pregnant, speak to your doctor as
soon as possible. You should be offered advice regarding the risk of harmful effects on the child
If you wish to become pregnant you should consult your doctor, who may refer you for specialist
advice before the planned start of treatment.
Stop breast-feeding prior to and during treatment with Metoject.
The available evidence does not indicate an increased risk of malformations or miscarriage if the
father takes methotrexate less than 30 mg/week. However, a risk cannot be completely excluded.
Methotrexate may be genotoxic. This means that the medicine may cause genetic mutation.
Methotrexate can affect sperm production with the potential to cause birth defects. Therefore, you
should avoid fathering a child or to donate semen whilst taking methotrexate and for at least 6 months
after treatment is stopped.
Driving and using machines
Treatment with Metoject may cause adverse reactions affecting the central nervous system, such as
tiredness and dizziness. Thus the ability to drive a vehicle and/or to operate machines may, in certain
cases, be compromised. If you feel tired or drowsy do not drive or use machines.
Metoject contains sodium
This medicine contains less than 1 mmol sodium (23 mg) per dose
; i.e. essentially “sodium-free”.
How to use Metoject
Important warning about the dose of Metoject (methotrexate):
only once a week
for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriasis and psoriatic
arthritis. Using too much of Metoject (methotrexate) may be fatal. Please read section 3 of this leaflet
very carefully. If you have any questions, please talk to your doctor or pharmacist before you take this
Always use this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if
you are not sure.
Your doctor decides on the dose, which is adjusted individually to you. Usually it takes 4 – 8 weeks
before there is any effect of the treatment.
Metoject is administered subcutaneously (under the skin) by or under the supervision of a physician or
healthcare staff as an injection
once a week only.
Together with your doctor you decide on a suitable
weekday each week on which you receive your injection.
Use in children and adolescents
Metoject is not recommended in children less than 3 years of age
due to insufficient experience in
this age group.
Method and duration of administration
Metoject is injected
The duration of the treatment is determined by the treating physician. Treatment of rheumatoid
arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, psoriasis vulgaris and psoriatic arthritis with Metoject is a long-
At the start of your treatment, Metoject may be injected by medical staff. However, your doctor may decide that
you can learn how to inject Metoject yourself. You will receive appropriate training for you to do this.
circumstances should you attempt to inject yourself, unless you have been trained to do so.
You can also find guidance on how to use Metoject in the section “Instructions for use” at the end of
Please note that all of the contents have to be used.
The manner of handling and disposal of the medicine and pre filled pen must be in accordance with
If you use more Metoject than you should
If you use more Metotrexate PEN medac than you should, talk to your doctor immediately.
If you forget to use Metoject
Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
If you stop using Metoject
If you stop using Metoject, talk to your doctor immediately.
If you have the impression that the effect of Metoject is too strong or too weak, talk to your doctor or
Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
The frequency as well as the degree of severity of the side effects depends on the dosage level and the
frequency of administration. As severe side effects may occur even at low dosage, it is important that
you are monitored regularly by your doctor. Your doctor will do
tests to check for abnormalities
developing in the blood (such as low white blood cells, low platelets, lymphoma) and changes in the
kidneys and the liver.
Tell your doctor immediately
if you experience any of the following symptoms, as these may
indicate a serious, potentially life-threatening side effect, which require urgent specific treatment:
persistent dry, non-productive cough, shortness of breath and fever
; these may be signs of
an inflammation of the lungs [common]
spitting or coughing blood;
these might be signs of bleeding from the lungs [not known]
symptoms of liver damage such as yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes
methotrexate can cause chronic liver damage (liver cirrhosis), formation of scar tissue in the
liver (liver fibrosis), fatty degeneration of the liver [all uncommon], inflammation of the liver
(acute hepatitis) [rare] and liver failure [very rare]
allergy symptoms such as skin rash including red itchy skin, swelling of the hands, feet,
ankles, face, lips, mouth or throat (which may cause difficulty in swallowing or
breathing) and feeling you are going to faint;
these may be signs of severe allergic reactions
or an anaphylactic shock [rare]
symptoms of kidney damage such as swelling of the hands, ankles or feet or changes in
frequency of urination or decrease (oliguria) or absence of urine (anuria);
these may be
signs of kidney failure [rare]
symptoms of infections, e.g. fever, chills, achiness, sore throat;
methotrexate can make you
more susceptible to infections. Severe infections like a certain type of pneumonia
Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia
) or blood poisoning (sepsis) may occur [rare]
symptoms such as weakness of one side of the body (stroke) or pain, swelling, redness
and unusual warmth in one of your legs (deep vein thrombosis); This may happen when
a dislodged blood clot causes a blockage of a blood vessel
(thromboembolic event) [rare]
fever and serious deterioration of your general condition, or sudden fever accompanied
by a sore throat or mouth, or urinary problems
; methotrexate can cause a sharp fall in
certain white blood cells (agranulocytosis) and severe bone marrow suppression [very rare]
unexpected bleeding, e.g. bleeding gums, blood in the urine, vomiting blood or bruising,
these can be signs of a severely reduced number of blood platelets caused by severe courses of
bone marrow depression [very rare]
symptoms such as severe headache often in combination with fever, neck stiffness,
feeling sick, vomiting, disorientation and sensitivity to light
may indicate an inflammation
of the membranes of the brain (acute aseptic meningitis) [very rare]
certain brain disorders (encephalopathy/ leukoencephalopathy) have been reported in cancer
patients receiving methotrexate. Such side effects cannot be excluded when methotrexate
therapy is used to treat other diseases. Signs of this kind of brain disorders may be
movement disorders (ataxia), visual disturbances or disturbances of
memory [not known]
severe skin rash or blistering of the skin (this can also affect your mouth, eyes and
; these may be signs of conditions called Stevens Johnson syndrome or burned skin
syndrome (toxic epidermal necrolysis/Lyell’s syndrome) [very rare]
In the following, please find the other side effects that may occur:
may affect more than 1 in 10 people
Inflammation of the mouth lining, indigestion, feeling sick, loss of appetite, abdominal pain.
Abnormal liver function test (ASAT, ALAT, bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase).
may affect up to 1 in 10 people
Mouth ulcers, diarrhoea.
Rash, reddening of the skin, itching.
Headache, tiredness, drowsiness.
Reduced blood cell formation with decrease in white and/or red blood cells and/or platelets
(may affect up to 1 in 100 people
Inflammation of the bowels, vomiting, inflammation of pancreas, black or tarry stools,
gastrointestinal ulcers and bleeding.
Increased sensitivity to light, loss of hair, increased number of rheumatic nodules, skin ulcer,
shingles, inflammation of blood vessels, herpes-like skin rash, hives.
Onset of diabetes mellitus.
Dizziness, confusion, depression.
Decrease in serum albumin.
Decrease in the number of all blood cells and platelets.
Inflammation and ulcer of the urinary bladder or vagina, reduced kidney function, disturbed
Joint pain, muscle pain, reduction of bone mass.
may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people
Inflammation of gum tissue.
Increased skin pigmentation, acne, blue spots on the skin due to vessel bleeding (ecchymosis,
petechiae), allergic inflammation of blood vessels.
Decreased number of anti-bodies in the blood.
Infection (incl. reactivation of inactive chronic infection), red eyes (conjunctivitis).
Mood swings (mood alterations).
Inflammation of the sac around the heart, accumulation of fluid in the sac around the heart,
obstruction of cardiac filling due to fluid in the sac around the heart.
Low blood pressure.
Formation of scar tissue in the lung (pulmonary fibrosis), shortness of breath and bronchial
asthma, accumulation of fluid in the sac around the lung.
Fever, wound-healing impairment.
(may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people):
Acute toxic dilatation of the gut (toxic megacolon).
Increased pigmentation of the nails, inflammation of the cuticles, (acute paronychia), deep
infection of hair follicles (furunculosis), visible enlargement of small blood vessels.
Pain, loss of strength or sensation of numbness or tingling / having less sensitivity to
stimulation than normal, changes in taste (metallic taste), convulsions, paralysis, meningism.
Impaired vision, non-inflammatory eye disorder (retinopathy).
Loss of sexual drive, impotence, male breast enlargement, defective sperm formation
(oligospermia), menstrual disorder, vaginal discharge.
Enlargement of lymphatic nodes (lymphoma).
Lymphoproliferative disorders (excessive growth of white blood cells).
frequency cannot be estimated from the available data:
Increased number of white blood cells.
Proteins in urine.
Feeling of weakness.
Bone damage in the jaw (secondary to excessive growth of white blood cells).
Tissue destruction at injection site.
Redness and shedding of skin
Subcutaneous application of methotrexate is locally well tolerated. Only mild local skin reactions
(such as burning sensations, erythema, swelling, discolouration, severe itching, pain) were observed,
decreasing during therapy.
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects
not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via (see details below). By reporting
side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
<To be completed nationally>
How to store Metoject
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Store below 25 °C.
Keep the pre-filled pens in the outer carton in order to protect from light.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date stated on the carton and pre-filled pen after EXP. The
expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Do not use if this product has deteriorated or is damaged.
Do not dispose of any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to
dispose of medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.
Contents of the pack and other information
What Metoject contains
The active substance is methotrexate.
1 pre-filled pen with 0.15 ml solution contains 7.5 mg methotrexate.
1 pre-filled pen with 0.2 ml solution contains 10 mg methotrexate.
1 pre-filled pen with 0.3 ml solution contains 15 mg methotrexate.
1 pre-filled pen with 0.4 ml solution contains 20 mg methotrexate.
1 pre-filled pen with 0.5 ml solution contains 25 mg methotrexate.
The other ingredients are sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid for pH
adjustment and water for injections.
What Metoject looks like and contents of the pack
This medicinal product is presented as a solution for injection in pre-filled pen.
The solution is clear, yellow-brown.
The following pack sizes are available:
Metoject is available in packs of 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, and 24 pre-filled pens.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
The prefilled syringe within the pen may or may not have
graduations on the barrel. These graduations are non-functional.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
medac Gesellschaft für klinische Spezialpräparate mbH
+49 4103 8006-0
+49 4103 8006-100
This medicinal product is authorised in the Member States of the EEA under the following
This leaflet was last revised 2021-02-26
Instructions for use
Carefully read the instructions below before starting your injection.
Always use the injection technique advised by your doctor, pharmacist or nurse.
The manner of handling and disposal of the medicine and pre-filled pen must be in accordance with
local requirements. Pregnant women should not administer Metoject or handle the prefilled pen.
Methotrexate should not come into contact with the surface of the skin or mucosa. In the event of
contamination, the affected area must be rinsed immediately with plenty of water.
Metoject pre-filled pen components:
Transparent control zone
a) With cap before injection
b) After cap removal before injection
c) After injection
What you need to do before administering your injection
Wash your hands very carefully.
Remove the system from its packaging.
Check the Metoject pre-filled pen before using it:
If the Metoject pre-filled pen appears to be damaged,
it. Use another one and contact your doctor,
pharmacist or nurse.
In case a small air bubble is visible through the transparent
control zone, this will not affect your dose nor will it harm
If you are not able to see or to check the system correctly
prior to injection, ask someone around you for assistance.
Set the Metoject pre-filled pen on a clean flat surface (such as a table).
Where you should administer the injection
The most appropriate zones for your injection are:
- upper thighs,
- abdomen except around the navel.
If someone around you administers the injection for
you, the person may also use the top of the zone at the
back of the arm, just below the shoulder.
Change the injection area with each injection. This will
minimize any reactions at the injection site.
Never inject into areas where the skin is tender, bruised,
red or hard or where you have scars or stretch marks. If
you have psoriasis, you should not try to inject directly
into any raised, thick, red or scaly skin patches or
How to prepare the injection
Choose an injection site and clean the area of and
around the chosen injection site. Clean your skin in
the chosen injection zone using soap and water.
Hold the Metoject pre-filled pen with one hand in the
handling area with the cap pointing upwards.
Do not remove the cap before you are ready to
administer the injection.
Use your other hand to gently pull the cap straight off
(do not bend or twist the cap). The cap has a small
needle shield that should come off with the cap
automatically. If the needle shield does not come off,
use another pen and contact your doctor, pharmacist
Do not press the button until you are ready to inject.
If you are unable to remove the cap, ask someone
around you for assistance.
Note: Once you have removed the cap, perform your injection without delay.
With your free hand, build a skin fold by gently
squeezing the area of the cleaned skin at the injection
The fold must be held pinched until the Metoject pre-
filled pen is removed from the skin after the injection.
Position the uncapped transparent end of Metoject
pre-filled pen perpendicular to the fold of skin.
Without pressing the button
, push the Metoject pre-
filled pen firmly onto your skin in order to unlock the
If you are unable to push the Metoject pre-filled pen to
the stop-point, ask someone around you for assistance.
How to administer the injection:
While holding the Metoject pre-filled pen firmly
against the skin,
You will hear a click which indicates the start of the
injection. Keep holding the pen against the raised skin
until all of the medicine is injected. This can take up
Do not remove the Metoject pre-filled pen from the skin before the end of the injection to avoid
If the injection is not triggered, release the button, make sure that the Metoject pre-filled pen is pressed
firmly against the skin and push hard on the button.
If you have difficulty with hearing, count 5 seconds from the moment you have pressed the button and
then lift the Metoject pre-filled pen from the injection site.
Remove the Metoject pre-filled pen from the injection
site, perpendicular to the skin (pull up).
The protective shield automatically moves into place
over the needle. The protective shield is then locked
and the needle is protected.
In case of a slight bleeding use a plaster.
Before disposing of the Metoject pre-filled pen, check
visually that there is no liquid left in the pen, at the bottom
transparent control zone
. If there is liquid left in the
pen, not all of the medicine has been injected correctly and
you should consult your doctor.
To avoid any injury,
never insert your fingers in the opening of the protective tube
Do not destroy the pen.
Whom should you contact in case of need
For any problem or question, contact your doctor, pharmacist or nurse.
If you or someone around you is injured by the needle, consult your doctor immediately and
dispose of the Metoject pre-filled pen.
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