LOSARTAN POTASSIUM tablet

Country: United States

Language: English

Source: NLM (National Library of Medicine)

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Active ingredient:

LOSARTAN POTASSIUM (UNII: 3ST302B24A) (LOSARTAN - UNII:JMS50MPO89)

Available from:

St Marys Medical Park Pharmacy

INN (International Name):

LOSARTAN POTASSIUM

Composition:

LOSARTAN POTASSIUM 25 mg

Prescription type:

PRESCRIPTION DRUG

Authorization status:

Abbreviated New Drug Application

Summary of Product characteristics

                                LOSARTAN POTASSIUM- LOSARTAN POTASSIUM TABLET
ST MARYS MEDICAL PARK PHARMACY
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LOSARTAN POTASSIUM TABLETS, USP USE IN PREGNANCY
WHEN USED IN PREGNANCY DURING THE SECOND AND THIRD TRIMESTERS, DRUGS
THAT ACT DIRECTLY ON
THE RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM CAN CAUSE INJURY AND EVEN DEATH TO THE
DEVELOPING FETUS. When
pregnancy is detected, losartan potassium tablets should be
discontinued as soon as possible. See
WARNINGS, Fetal/Neonatal Morbidity and Mortality.
DESCRIPTION
Losartan potassium is an angiotensin II receptor (type AT )
antagonist. Losartan potassium, a non-
peptide molecule, is chemically described as
2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[_p_-(_o_-_1H_-tetrazol-5-
ylphenyl)benzyl]imidazole-5-methanol monopotassium salt.
Its empirical formula is C
H ClKN O, and its structural formula is:
Losartan potassium, USP is a white to off-white free-flowing
crystalline powder with a molecular
weight of 461.01. It is freely soluble in water, soluble in alcohols,
and slightly soluble in common
organic solvents, such as acetonitrile and methyl ethyl ketone.
Oxidation of the 5-hydroxymethyl group
on the imidazole ring results in the active metabolite of losartan.
Losartan potassium is available as tablets for oral administration
containing either 25 mg, 50 mg or 100
mg of losartan potassium and the following inactive ingredients:
colloidal silicon dioxide,
hydroxypropyl cellulose, hypromellose, lactose anhydrous, magnesium
stearate, microcrystalline
cellulose, pregelatinized starch, talc and titanium dioxide.
Losartan potassium 25 mg, 50 mg and 100 mg tablets contain potassium
in the following amounts: 2.12
mg (0.054 mEq), 4.24 mg (0.108 mEq) and 8.48 mg (0.216 mEq),
respectively.
CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY
MECHANISM OF ACTION
Angiotensin II [formed from angiotensin I in a reaction catalyzed by
angiotensin converting enzyme
(ACE, kininase II)], is a potent vasoconstrictor, the primary
vasoactive hormone of the renin-angiotensin
system and an important component in the pathophysiology of
hypertension. It also stimulates
aldosterone secret
                                
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