United Kingdom - English - MHRA (Medicines & Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency)
Package leaflet: Information for the patient
170 mg nebuliser solution
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine because it contains important
information for you.
Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
If you have any further questions, ask your doctor, or pharmacist.
This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if
their signs of illness are the same as yours.
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects
not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet
is and what it is used for
What you need to know before you use Vantobra
How to use Vantobra
Possible side effects
How to store Vantobra
Contents of the pack and other information
is and what it is used for
contains an antibiotic medicine called tobramycin. It belongs to a class of antibiotic medicines
is used for
is used in patients with cystic fibrosis aged 6 years and older to treat lung infections caused by
bacteria named Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a bacterium that frequently infects the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients at some
time during their lives. If the infection is not properly treated, it continues to damage the lungs, causing
further problems with breathing.
When you inhale Vantobra
, the antibiotic can enter directly into your lungs to fight the bacteria causing the
infection. It works by disrupting the production of proteins that the bacteria need to build their cell walls.
This damages the bacteria and eventually kills them.
What you need to know before you use Vantobra
Do not use Vantobra
if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to tobramycin, to any type of aminoglycoside antibiotics, or to any of the
other ingredients of Vantobra
(listed in section 6).
If this applies to you, tell your doctor before using Vantobra
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor if you have ever had any of the following conditions:
hearing problems (including noises in your ears and dizziness);
blood in your sputum (the substance you cough up);
muscle weakness that lasts or becomes worse over time, a symptom mostly related to conditions such
as myasthenia (muscle weakness) or Parkinson’s disease.
If any of these apply to you, tell your doctor before using Vantobra
If you have problems with your hearing or kidney function, your doctor may take blood samples to monitor
the amount of Vantobra
in your system.
Inhaling medicines can cause chest tightness due to narrowing of the airways, and this can happen with
. Your doctor may ask you to use other appropriate medicines to widen the airways before using
Strains of Pseudomonas can become resistant to treatment with an antibiotic over time. This means that
may not work as well as it should over time. Talk to your doctor if you are concerned about this.
If you are also taking tobramycin or another aminoglycoside antibiotic by injection, it may increase the risk
of side effects and your doctor will monitor for these as appropriate.
The medicine is not intended for use in children under 6 years of age.
Other medicines and Vantobra
Tell your doctor or a pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including
medicines obtained without a prescription.
You should not take the following medicines while you are using Vantobra
furosemide, a diuretic (“water tablet”);
other medicines with diuretic potential such as urea or mannitol;
other medicines which may harm your kidneys or hearing:
amphotericin B, cefalotin, polymyxins (used to treat microbial infections), ciclosporin,
tacrolimus (used to reduce the activity of immune system). These medicines may harm the
platinum compounds such as carboplatin and cisplatin (used to treat some forms of cancer).
These medicines may harm the kidneys or hearing.
The following medicines can increase the risks of harmful effects occurring if they are given to you while
you also take tobramycin or another aminoglycoside antibiotic given by injection:
anticholinesterases such as neostigmine and pyridostigmine (used to treat muscle weakness), or
botulinum toxin. These medicines may cause muscle weakness to appear or become worse.
If you are taking one or more of the above medicines, talk to your doctor before you use Vantobra
You should not mix or dilute Vantobra
with any other medicine in your Tolero
nebuliser handset which is
provided together with Vantobra
If you are taking several different treatments for cystic fibrosis, you should take them in the following order:
Bronchodilator therapy, such as salbutamol
Other inhaled medicines
Please check this order with your doctor as well.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your
doctor for advice before using this medicine.
It is not known whether inhaling this medicine while you are pregnant causes side effects. When they are
given by injection, tobramycin and other aminoglycoside antibiotics can cause harm to an unborn child, such
as deafness and kidney problems.
If you are breast feeding, you should talk to your doctor before using this medicine.
Driving and using machines
is not expected to affect your ability to drive or use machines.
How to use Vantobra
Always use this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor if you are not sure.
The recommended dose is two ampoules each day (one in the morning and one in the evening) for 28 days.
The dose is the same for all persons aged 6 years and older.
Inhale by mouth the full content of one ampoule in the morning, and one ampoule in the evening using
It is best to have an interval as close as possible to 12 hours between doses, but this interval must be at
least 6 hours.
After you have used your medicine for 28 days, you then have a 28-day break, during which you do not
inhale any Vantobra
. You then start another course after the break (as illustrated).
It is important that you keep using the medicine twice each day during your 28 days on treatment, and
that you keep to the 28-day on / 28-day off cycle.
twice a day for 28 days
Do not use any Vantobra
for the next 28 days
Continue using Vantobra
on this cyclical basis for as long as your doctor tells you.
If you have questions about how long to use Vantobra
, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
only with the Tolero
nebuliser handset shown in the picture below to make sure you
inhale the correct dose. Do not use the Tolero
nebuliser handset for any other medicine.
Read the Instructions for Use provided with the handset device before use.
Make sure you have an eFlow
rapid or eBase
Controller to connect the Tolero
The respective controller can be prescribed by your physician or purchased separately.
Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.
Remove one ampoule of Vantobra
from the aluminium foil pouch just before inhalation.
Keep the rest of the medicine refrigerated in the original carton.
Lay out all the pieces of your Tolero
nebuliser handset on a clean, dry paper or cloth towel. Make
sure the nebuliser handset is on a flat, stable surface.
Assemble the Tolero
nebuliser handset as illustrated in the Instructions for Use of the handset
Hold the ampoule upright and tap lightly before twisting off the head part to avoid spilling. Empty
the contents of one ampoule into the medication reservoir of the nebuliser handset.
Begin your treatment sitting in an upright position, in a well ventilated room. Hold the nebuliser
handset horizontally and breath normally through your mouth. Avoid breathing through your nose.
Continue to inhale and exhale comfortably until the treatment is finished. When all of the medicine
has been delivered, you will hear the “treatment complete” tone.
If you need to interrupt your treatment for any reason, press and hold the On/Off button for one full
second. To re-start the treatment, press and hold the On/Off button again for one full second to
nebuliser handset must be cleaned and disinfected as described in the instructions for
use of the device.
Use a new Tolero
nebuliser handset for each treatment cycle (28 days on-treatment) as provided
with the medicine.
Do not use an alternative untested nebuliser system because it may alter the amount of medicine reaching the
lungs. This in turn may alter how well the medicine works and its safety.
If you use more Vantobra
than you should
If you inhale too much Vantobra
you may get a very hoarse voice. Tell your doctor as soon as possible. If
is swallowed, it is unlikely to cause severe problems as tobramycin is poorly absorbed from the
stomach, but you should still tell your doctor as soon as possible.
If you forget to use Vantobra
If you forget to use Vantobra
and there are at least 6 hours to your next dose, use your dose as soon as you
can. Otherwise, wait for your next dose. Do not use a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
If you stop using Vantobra
Do not stop using Vantobra
unless your doctor tells you to do so, as your lung infection may not be
controlled sufficiently and may become worse.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Some side effects can be serious
chest tightness with difficulty in breathing (rare, affecting up to 1 in 1,000 people)
allergic reactions including hives and itching (very rare, affecting up to 1 in 10,000 people).
If you experience any of these, stop using Vantobra
and tell your doctor straight away.
People with cystic fibrosis have many symptoms of the disease. These may still occur while using Vantobra
but should not be as frequent or worse than before.
If your underlying lung disease seems to become worse while you are using Vantobra
, tell your doctor
Other side effects may include:
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
shortness of breath
voice alteration (hoarseness)
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
laryngitis (inflammation of the voice box that can cause voice alteration, sore throat and difficulty
Loss of voice
nosebleed, runny nose
ringing in the ears (normally transient), hearing loss, dizziness
coughing up blood, producing more sputum than normally, chest discomfort, asthma, fever
taste disturbances, feeling sick (nausea), mouth ulcers, being sick (vomiting), loss of appetite
chest pain or general pain
worsening of lung function test results
Very rare (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people)
fungal infections of the mouth or throat, such as thrush
swelling of lymph glands
ear pain, ear problems
hyperventilating, low oxygen levels in your blood, sinusitis
diarrhoea, pain in and around the stomach
red pustules, papules on the skin
nettle rush, itching
generally feeling unwell
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed
in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at:
By reporting side affects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
How to store Vantobra
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the ampoule or the pouch or carton after
EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Store in a refrigerator (2°C - 8°C). If you don’t have a refrigerator available (such as when you are
transporting your medicine) you can store the carton with the medicine (pouches opened or unopened)
below 25°C for up to 4 weeks. If the product has been stored at room temperature for longer than 4
weeks, it has to be disposed according to local requirements.
Do not use this medicine if you notice that it has become cloudy, or if there are particles in the solution.
Never store an opened ampoule. Once opened an ampoule should be used immediately, and any
remaining product should be discarded.
Do not throw away any medicines via household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away
medicines you no longer use. These measures will help to protect the environment.
Contents of the pack and other information
The active substance is tobramycin. One ampoule contains 170 mg of tobramycin as a single dose.
The other ingredient(s) (excipient(s)) are: sodium chloride, calcium chloride, magnesium sulphate,
water for injections, sulphuric acid and sodium hydroxide for pH adjustment.
looks like and contents of the pack
nebuliser solution is provided in a ready-to-use ampoule.
is a clear to slightly yellow coloured solution which can vary to a darker yellow. This does not
change how Vantobra
works provided that the storage instructions have been followed.
Ampoules are packed in pouches, one pouch contains 8 ampoules which correspond with 4 days of
is available together with a Tolero
nebuliser handset. It is supplied in a carton that contains two
inner cartons, one with the medicine (56 ampoules with nebuliser solution in 7 pouches), and one with the
nebuliser handset. A package is sufficient for one treatment cycle of 28 days.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
PARI Pharma GmbH
+49 (0) 89 – 74 28 46 - 10
+49 (0) 89 – 74 28 46 30
For any information about this medicine, please contact the local representative of the Marketing
PARI Medical Ltd.
Tel: + 44 (0)1932 3411 22
This leaflet was last revised in: March 2016
Other sources of information
Detailed information on this medicine is available on the European Medicines Agency web site:
http://www.ema.europa.eu. There are also links to other websites about rare diseases and treatments.
Vantobra 170mg nebuliser solution
Summary of Product Characteristics Updated 01-Sep-2016 | PARI Pharma GmbH
1. Name of the medicinal product
Vantobra 170 mg nebuliser solution
2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
Each single-dose ampoule of 1.7 ml contains 170 mg tobramycin.
For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
3. Pharmaceutical form
A clear to slightly yellow solution.
4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications
Vantobra is indicated for the management of chronic pulmonary infection due to Pseudomonas
aeruginosa in patients aged 6 years and older with cystic fibrosis (CF).
Consideration should be given to official guidance on the appropriate use of antibacterial agents.
4.2 Posology and method of administration
The dose of Vantobra is the same for all patients within the approved age range, regardless of age or
weight. The recommended dose is one ampoule (170 mg/1.7 ml) administered twice daily (i.e. total daily
dose is 2 ampoules) for 28 days. The dose interval should be as close as possible to 12 hours and not less
than 6 hours.
Vantobra is taken in alternating cycles of 28 days. A cycle of 28 days of active therapy (on-treatment
period) and 28 days of rest from treatment (off-treatment period) should be maintained.
In case of a missed dose with at least 6 hours remaining until the next dose, the patient should inhale the
dose as soon as possible. If less than 6 hours remain to the next planned dose, the patient should wait for
the next dose and not inhale more to make up for the missed dose.
Duration of treatment
Treatment should be continued on a cyclical basis for as long as the physician considers the patient is
gaining clinical benefit from the treatment taking into account that long-term safety data are not available
for Vantobra. If clinical deterioration of pulmonary status is evident, additional or alternative anti-
pseudomonal therapy should be considered. See also information on clinical benefit and tolerability in
sections 4.4, 4.8 and 5.1.
Elderly patients (≥65 years)
There are insufficient data in this population to support a recommendation for or against dose adjustment.
There are no data in this population to support a recommendation for or against dose adjustment with
Vantobra. Please also refer to nephrotoxicity information in section 4.4 and excretion information in
No studies have been performed on patients with hepatic impairment. As tobramycin is not metabolised,
an effect of hepatic impairment on the exposure to tobramycin is not expected.
Patients after organ transplantation
Adequate data do not exist for the use of inhaled tobramycin in patients after organ transplantation. No
recommendation for or against dose adjustment can be made for patients after organ transplantation.
There is no relevant use of Vantobra in children below 6 years of age.
Method of administration
Vantobra is administered by inhalation using the Tolero nebuliser handset provided in the pack. For
detailed instructions on use see section 6.6.
Vantobra must not be administered by any other route or using any other device than the one provided in
the pack. The use of an alternative untested nebuliser system may alter the pulmonary deposition of the
active substance. And this in turn may alter efficacy and safety of the product.
Where patients are receiving several inhaled medicinal products and chest physiotherapy, it is
recommended that Vantobra is used last.
Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.
4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
Ototoxicity, manifested as both auditory toxicity (hearing loss) and vestibular toxicity, has been reported
with parenteral aminoglycosides. Vestibular toxicity may be manifested by vertigo, ataxia or dizziness.
Tinnitus may be a sentinel symptom of ototoxicity, and therefore the onset of this symptom warrants
Auditory toxicity, as measured by complaints of hearing loss or by audiometric evaluations, was observed
with parenteral aminoglycosides and may be considered also for the inhalation route of administration. In
open label studies and post-marketing experience, some patients with a history of prolonged previous or
concomitant use of intravenous aminoglycosides have experienced hearing loss. Physicians should
consider the potential for aminoglycosides to cause vestibular and cochlear toxicity and carry out
appropriate assessments of auditory function during Vantobra therapy.
In patients with a predisposing risk due to previous prolonged systemic aminoglycoside therapy it may be
necessary to consider audiological assessment before initiating Vantobra therapy. If a patient reports
tinnitus or hearing loss during aminoglycoside therapy, the physician should consider referring them for
Nephrotoxicity has been associated with parenteral aminoglycoside therapy. There was no evidence of
nephrotoxicity during clinical trials with inhaled tobramycin and Vantobra. Caution should be exercised
when prescribing Vantobra to patients with known or suspected renal dysfunction. According to current
clinical practice baseline renal function should be assessed. Urea and creatinine levels should be
reassessed after every 6 complete cycles of Vantobra therapy (180 days of nebulised aminoglycoside
Monitoring of serum tobramycin concentrations
Patients with known or suspected auditory or renal dysfunction should be monitored for serum
tobramycin concentrations. If oto- or nephrotoxicity occurs in a patient receiving Vantobra, tobramycin
therapy should be discontinued until serum concentration falls below 2 µg/ml.
Serum concentrations greater than 12 µg/ml are associated with tobramycin toxicity and treatment should
be discontinued if concentrations exceed this level.
The serum concentration of tobramycin should only be monitored using validated methods. Finger prick
blood sampling is not recommended due to the risk of contamination of the sample.
Bronchospasm can occur with inhalation of medicinal products and has been reported with the use of
nebulised tobramycin. Bronchospasm should be treated as medically appropriate.
The first dose of Vantobra should be used under supervision of a physician, after taking a bronchodilator
if this is part of the current regimen for the patient. FEV
should be measured before and after
If there is evidence of therapy-induced bronchospasm, the physician should carefully evaluate whether
the benefits of continued use of Vantobra outweighs the risks to the patient. If an allergic response is
suspected, Vantobra should be discontinued.
Vantobra should be used with great caution in patients with neuromuscular disorders such as
Parkinsonism or other conditions characterized by myasthenia, including myasthenia gravis, as
aminoglycosides may aggravate muscle weakness due to a potential curare-like effect on neuromuscular
Inhalation of nebulised tobramycin solutions may induce a cough reflex. The treatment with Vantobra in
patients with active, severe haemoptysis should be initiated only if the benefits of treatment are
considered to outweigh the risks of inducing further haemorrhage.
Development of resistance
The development of antibiotic-resistant P. aeruginosa and superinfection with other pathogens represent
potential risks associated with antibiotic therapy. Development of resistance during inhaled tobramycin
therapy could limit treatment options during acute exacerbations; this should be monitored.
Patients receiving concomitant parenteral aminoglycoside therapy (or any medicine affecting renal
excretion, such as diuretics) should be monitored as clinically appropriate taking into account the risk of
cumulative toxicity. This includes monitoring of serum concentrations of tobramycin.
Safety and efficacy have not been studied in patients colonised with Burkholderia cepacia.
4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
No interaction studies have been performed. Based on the interaction profile for tobramycin following
intravenous and aerosolised administration, concurrent and/or sequential use of Vantobra is not
recommended with other medicinal products with nephrotoxic or ototoxic potential, such as:
- amphotericin B, cefalotin, ciclosporin, tacrolimus, polymyxins (risk of increased nephrotoxicity);
- platinum compounds (risk of increased nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity);
Concurrent use of Vantobra with diuretic compounds (such as ethacrynic acid, furosemide, urea or
mannitol) is not recommended. Such compounds can enhance aminoglycoside toxicity by altering
antibiotic concentrations in serum and tissue (see section 4.4).
Other medicinal products that have been reported to increase the potential toxicity of parenterally
administered aminoglycosides include:
- anticholinesterases, botulinum toxin (neuromuscular effects).
In clinical studies patients using inhaled tobramycin continued to take dornase alfa, bronchodilators,
inhaled corticosteroids and macrolides. No evidence of drug interactions with these medicines was
4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation
There are limited data from the parenteral use of tobramycin in pregnant women. There are no adequate
data from the use of tobramycin administered by inhalation in pregnant women. Animal studies do not
indicate a teratogenic effect of tobramycin (see section 5.3). However, aminoglycosides can cause foetal
harm (e.g., congenital deafness and nephrotoxicity) when high systemic concentrations are achieved in a
pregnant woman. Systemic exposure following inhalation of Vantobra is very low (see section 5.2). If
Vantobra is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking Vantobra, she should
be informed of the potential hazard to the foetus.
Vantobra should not be used during pregnancy unless the benefits to the mother outweigh the risks to the
foetus or baby.
Tobramycin is excreted in human breast milk after systemic administration. The amount of tobramycin
excreted in human breast milk after administration by inhalation is not known, though it is estimated to be
very low considering the low systemic exposure. Because of the potential for ototoxicity and
nephrotoxicity in infants, a decision should be made whether to terminate breast-feeding or discontinue
treatment with Vantobra, taking into account the importance of the treatment to the mother.
No effect on male or female fertility was observed in animal studies after subcutaneous administration
(see section 5.3).
4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
Vantobra has no or negligible influence on the ability to drive and use machines.
4.8 Undesirable effects
Summary of the safety profile
In controlled clinical trials with Vantobra the most frequent adverse reactions in cystic fibrosis patients
with P. aeruginosa infection were cough and dysphonia.
Clinical experience with tobramycin nebuliser solutions reports dysphonia and tinnitus in patients treated
with tobramycin. The episodes of tinnitus were transient and resolved without discontinuation of
Occasionally, patients with a history of prolonged previous or concomitant use of intravenous
aminoglycosides may experience hearing loss. Parenteral aminoglycosides have been associated with
hypersensitivity, ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity (see section 4.4).
Long-term safety data are not available for Vantobra (see also section 5.1).
Tabulated list of adverse reactions
Adverse drug reactions reported for tobramycin nebuliser solution are listed in Table 1.
Adverse drug reactions are listed according to system organ classes in MedDRA. Within each system
organ class, the adverse drug reactions are ranked by frequency, with the most frequent reactions first.
Within each frequency grouping, adverse reactions are presented in order of decreasing seriousness. In
addition, the corresponding frequency category is provided using the following convention: Very
common (≥ 1/10); Common (≥ 1/100 to < 1/10); Uncommon (≥ 1/1,000 to < 1/100); Rare (≥ 1/10,000 to
< 1/1,000); Very rare (< 1/10,000).
Table 1 Adverse reactions
System Organ Class
Infections and infestations
Blood and lymphatic system disorders
Immune system disorders
Metabolism and nutrition disorders
Nervous system disorders
Ear and labyrinth disorders
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue
General disorders and administration
Pulmonary function test
There was no difference in the safety profile between pediatric and adult patient population treated with
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows
continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are
asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the the Yellow Card Scheme at:
Administration by inhalation results in low systemic bioavailability of tobramycin. Symptoms of aerosol
overdose may include severe hoarseness.
In the event of accidental ingestion of Vantobra, toxicity is unlikely as tobramycin is poorly absorbed
from an intact gastrointestinal tract.
In the event of inadvertent administration of Vantobra by the intravenous route, signs and symptoms of
parenteral tobramycin overdose may occur, including dizziness, tinnitus, vertigo, loss of hearing acuity,
respiratory distress and/or neuromuscular blockage and renal impairment.
Acute toxicity should be treated with immediate withdrawal of Vantobra and baseline tests of renal
function should be undertaken. Assessment of tobramycin serum concentrations may be helpful in
monitoring overdose. In the case of any overdose, the possibility of drug interactions with alterations in
the elimination of Vantobra or other medicinal products should be considered.
5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Antibacterials for systemic use, Aminoglycoside antibacterials.
ATC code: J01GB01
Mechanism of action
Tobramycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic produced by Streptomyces tenebrarius. It acts primarily by
disrupting protein synthesis leading to altered cell membrane permeability, progressive disruption of the
cell envelope and eventual cell death. It is bactericidal at concentrations equal to or slightly greater than
Established susceptibility breakpoints for parenteral administration of tobramycin are inappropriate in the
aerosolised administration of the medicinal product. Sputum of cystic fibrosis patients exhibits an
inhibitory action on the local biological activity of nebulised aminoglycosides. This necessitates sputum
concentrations following treatment with aerosolised tobramycin to be ten to twentyfive-fold above the
Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) for both P. aeruginosa growth suppression and control of
bactericidal activity. In controlled clinical trials, 97% of patients receiving tobramycin nebuliser solution
achieved sputum concentrations 10-fold of the highest P. aeruginosa MIC cultured from the patient and
95% of patients receiving tobramycin nebuliser solution achieved 25-fold of the highest MIC.
In the absence of conventional susceptibility breakpoints for the nebulised route of administration,
caution must be exercised in defining organisms as susceptible or insusceptible to nebulised tobramycin.
In clinical studies with TOBI, most patients with P. aeruginosa isolates with tobramycin MICs < 128
µg/ml at baseline showed improved lung function following treatment with TOBI. Patients with a P.
aeruginosa isolate with MIC
128 µg/ml at baseline are less likely to show a clinical response.
However, seven of 13 patients (54%) in the placebo-controlled trials who acquired isolates with MICs of
128 µg/ml while using TOBI had improvement in pulmonary function.
Based upon in-vitro data and/or clinical trial experience, the organisms associated with pulmonary
infections in CF may be expected to respond to Vantobra therapy as follows:
Treatment with the 28-days on and 28-days off dose regimen in clinical studies showed a small but clear
increase in tobramycin, amikacin and gentamicin MICs for P. aeruginosa isolates tested. Each additional
6 months of treatment resulted in incremental increases similar in magnitude to that observed in the 6
months of controlled studies. The most prevalent aminoglycoside resistance mechanism seen in P.
aeruginosa isolated from chronically infected CF patients is impermeability, defined by a general lack of
susceptibility to all aminoglycosides. P. aeruginosa isolated from CF patients has also been shown to
exhibit adaptive aminoglycoside resistance that is characterised by a reversion to susceptibility when the
antibiotic is removed.
There is no evidence that patients treated with up to 18 months with tobramycin nebuliser solution were at
a greater risk for acquiring B. cepacia, S. maltophilia or A. xylosoxidans, than would be expected in
untreated patients. Aspergillus species were more frequently recovered from the sputum of treated
patients; however, clinical sequelae such as Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA) were
reported rarely and with similar frequency as in the control group.
Table 2: Comparative performance data for the clinical test and reference batches:
Vantobra /Tolero nebuliser handset
, and TOBI/PARI LC PLUS
Performance parameter/ Drug/Device combination*
Total Drug Delivered [mg±SD]
96 ± 4.4
101 ± 8.5
Fine Particle Mass < 5 µm [mg±SD]
72 ± 6.5
65 ± 7.1
Drug Delivery Rate [mg/min]
27 ± 5.0
7 ± 0.9
Mass Median Aerodynamic Diameter [µm ± SD]
3.8 ± 0.3
3.6 ± 0.4
Geometric Standard Deviation ±SD
1.5 ± 0.0
2.3 ± 0.2
Nebulisation Time [min]
3.9 ± 0.6
15.3 ± 0.6
*Results from breath simulation and cascade impactor measurements.
connected with an eBase controller or eFlow rapid controller
connected with a PARI Boy SX compressor
The drug delivery rate of Vantobra with the Tolero nebuliser is independent of the breathing pattern
applied i.e. adult or child in contrast to the PARI LC PLUS nebuliser.
Clinical efficacy and safety
Limited data from one controlled clinical study over one treatment cycle indicate that the improvement in
lung function was maintained above baseline during the 28-day off-treatment period.
As a result of study 12012.101, lung function improvement FEV
% predicted relative to baseline
increased by 8.2 ± 9.4% under Vantobra and by 4.8 ± 9.6% under the reference therapy in the first
treatment cycle showing non-inferior (p=0.0005) efficacy. CFU reduction as an indicator for suppression
of P. aeruginosa was comparable for Vantobra and the reference product.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
Absorption and distribution
The systemic exposure to tobramycin after inhalation of Vantobra is expected to emerge primarily from
the inhaled portion of the medicinal product as tobramycin is not absorbed to any appreciable extent when
administered via the oral route.Inhalation of nebulised tobramycin produces high sputum concentrations
and low plasma levels.
For comparative aerosol data please refer to Table 2 in section 5.1
At the end of a 4-weeks dosing cycle of Vantobra (170 mg/1.7 ml twice daily) in cystic fibrosis patients,
maximum tobramycin plasma concentrations (Cmax) of 1.27 ± 0.81 µg/ml were reached at approximately
one hour after inhalation. Sputum concentrations were higher and more variable with Cmax of 1,951 +
2,187 µg/g. After administering a single dose of Vantobra 170 mg to healthy volunteers Cmax of 1.1 +
0.4 µg/ml were reached after a tmax of approximately 4 hours.
Less than 10% of tobramycin is bound to plasma proteins.
Tobramycin is not metabolised and is primarily excreted unchanged in the urine.
The elimination of tobramycin administered by the inhalation route has not been studied.
Following intravenous administration, systemically absorbed tobramycin is eliminated by glomerular
filtration. The elimination half-life of tobramycin from serum is approximately 2 hours.
Unabsorbed tobramycin following administration by inhalation is probably eliminated primarily in
5.3 Preclinical safety data
Non-clinical data reveal that the main hazard for humans, based on conventional studies of safety
pharmacology, repeated dose toxicity, genotoxicity, carcinogenic potential and toxicity to reproduction
and development, consists of renal toxicity and ototoxicity. In repeated dose toxicity studies it has been
shown that target organs of toxicity are the kidneys and vestibular/cochlear functions. In general, toxicity
is seen at higher systemic tobramycin levels than are achievable by inhalation of the recommended
No reproduction toxicology studies have been conducted with tobramycin administered by inhalation.
Subcutaneous administration at doses of 100 mg/kg/day in rats and the maximum tolerated dose of 20
mg/kg/day in rabbits during organogenesis was not teratogenic. Teratogenicity could not be assessed at
higher parenteral doses in rabbits as they induced maternal toxicity and abortion. Based on available data
from animals a risk of toxicity (e.g. ototoxicity) at prenatal exposure levels cannot be excluded.
Tobramycin did not impair fertility in male or female rats at subcutaneous doses up to 100 mg/kg/day.
6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients
Sulphuric acid (for pH adjustment)
Sodium hydroxide (for pH adjustment)
Water for injections
In the absence of compatibility studies, this medicinal product must not be mixed with other medicinal
products in the nebuliser.
6.3 Shelf life
The contents of a single-dose ampoule should be used immediately after opening (see section 6.6).
Stability after opening of the pouch: 4 weeks when stored below 25 °C
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Store in a refrigerator (2 °C 8 °C).
For storage conditions after first opening of the medicinal product, see section 6.3.
6.5 Nature and contents of container
Vantobra is supplied in polyethylene (PE) ampoules that are packed in sealed aluminium foil pouches (8
ampoules per pouch).
Outer carton contains:
One carton with the medicinal product: 56 ampoules with nebuliser solutionin 7 pouches.
One carton with the Tolero nebuliser handset.
6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
The contents of one ampoule should be emptied into the medication reservoir of the Tolero nebuliser
handset and administered by inhalation until no medicine is left in the reservoir. The Tolero nebuliser
handset can be operated either with an eBase controller or with the eFlow rapid control unit. The
performance parameters from in vitro aerosol characterisation studies are identical for the two controllers
and are shown in section 5.1, Table 2.
Nebulisation should take place in a well ventilated room.
The nebuliser handset must be kept horizontally during operation.
The patient should sit in an upright position during inhalation. Inhalation should be performed by
applying a normal breathing pattern without interruption.
The Tolero nebuliser handset must be cleaned and disinfected as described in the instructions for use of
Vantobra is a clear to slightly yellow solution, but some variability in colour may be observed, which
does not indicate loss of activity if the product is stored as recommended.
Vantobra solution is a sterile, aqueous preparation for single use only. As it is preservative-free, the
contents of the whole ampoule should be used immediately after opening and any unused solution should
be discarded. Opened ampoule should never be stored for re-use.
Use a new Tolero nebuliser handset for each treatment cycle (28 days on-treatment) as provided with the
Any unused medicinal product or waste material should be disposed off in accordance with local
7. Marketing authorisation holder
PARI Pharma GmbH
+49 (0) 89 - 74 28 46 - 10
+49 (0) 89 - 74 28 46 - 30
8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
18 March 2015
10. Date of revision of the text
Detailed information on this medicinal product is available on the website of the European Medicines
Company Contact Details
PARI Pharma GmbH
Moosstraße 3,, Starnberg, Germany
+49 8151 279-0
Medical Information Direct Line
+49 (0) 89-742 846-51 or +49 (0) 89 742 846-832
Medical Information Fax
+49 (0) 89-742 846-30
+49 8151 279-101
Medical Information e-mail
Medical Information Fax