SAPHRIS 5 MG

Israel - English - Ministry of Health

Buy It Now

Active ingredient:
ASENAPINE AS MALEATE
Available from:
MERCK SHARP & DOHME ISRAEL LTD
ATC code:
N05AH05
Pharmaceutical form:
TABLETS SUBLINGUAL
Composition:
ASENAPINE AS MALEATE 5 MG
Administration route:
PER OS
Prescription type:
Required
Manufactured by:
MERCK SHARP & DOHME CORP., USA
Therapeutic group:
ASENAPINE
Therapeutic area:
ASENAPINE
Therapeutic indications:
Schizophrenia SAPHRIS is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia in adults. The efficacy of SAPHRIS was established in two 6-week trials and one maintenance trial in adults Bipolar Disorder Monotherapy: SAPHRIS is indicated for the acute treatment of manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder. Efficacy was established in two 3-week monotherapy trials in adults Adjunctive Therapy: SAPHRIS is indicated as adjunctive therapy with either lithium or valproate for the acute treatment of manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder. Efficacy was established in one 3-week adjunctive trial in adults.
Authorization number:
146 04 33228 00
Authorization date:
2016-04-30

Documents in other languages

Patient Information leaflet Patient Information leaflet - Arabic

25-01-2021

Patient Information leaflet Patient Information leaflet - Hebrew

17-08-2016

PATIENT PACKAGE INSERT IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PHARMACISTS'

REGULATIONS (PREPARATIONS) - 1986

The dispensing of this medicine requires a doctor's prescription.

Read this package insert carefully in its entirety before using this medicine.

The format of this leaflet was determined by the Ministry of Health and its

content was checked and approved in November 2011.

SAPHRIS

®

5 mg SAPHRIS

®

10 mg

Sublingual Tablets Sublingual Tablets

COMPOSITION

Each sublingual tablet contains:

Saphris 5 mg: 5 mg of Asenapine

Saphris 10 mg: 10 mg of Asenapine

Inactive Ingredients:

Gelatin, Mannitol.

THERAPEUTIC GROUP:

Antipsychotics

THERAPEUTIC ACTIVITY

Saphris is used to treat schizophrenia and manic episodes associated with bipolar I

disorder.

WHEN SHOULD THE PREPARATION NOT BE USED?

- Do not use this medicine if you are allergic to asenapine or any of the other

ingredients.

- Do not take Saphris while you are pregnant, unless your doctor tells you so. If you

are taking Saphris and you become pregnant or you plan to get pregnant, ask your

doctor as soon as possible whether you may continue taking Saphris.

- Do not breast-feed when taking Saphris.

- Do not use this medicine if you have severe liver function problems.

- Do not use this medicine in elderly patients with dementia.

DO

NOT

TAKE

THIS

MEDICINE

WITHOUT

CONSULTING

A

DOCTOR

BEFORE STARTING TREATMENT

if you are breastfeeding

if you have ever been diagnosed with a condition whose symptoms include high

body temperature and muscle stiffness (also known as Neuroleptic Malignant

Syndrome)

if you have ever experienced abnormal movements of the tongue or face

(Tardive Dyskinesia)

You should be aware that both of these conditions may be caused by this type of

medicine.

if you have a heart disease or heart disease treatment that makes you prone to

low blood pressure

if you are diabetic or prone to diabetes

if you have epilepsy (seizures)

if you experience any difficulty in swallowing (dysphagia)

if you have difficulty controlling core body temperature

if you have thoughts of suicide

if you suffer from dehydration or low blood volume (hypovolemia)

If you suffer from low white blood cells count

if you have an increased level of the hormone prolactin in your blood

(hyperprolactinaemia)

Be sure to tell your doctor if you meet any of these conditions as he/she may want to

adjust your dose or monitor you for a while. Also contact your doctor if any of these

conditions develops or worsens while using Saphris.

Use of this medicine in patients below the age of 18 years is not recommended.

HOW WILL THIS MEDICINE AFFECT YOUR DAILY LIFE?

Use of this medicine may reduce alertness and therefore caution should be exercised

when driving a car, operating dangerous machinery or performing any other activities

requiring alertness.

Do not drink wine or alcoholic beverages while under treatment with this medicine.

WARNINGS

If you are sensitive to any type of food or medicine, inform your doctor before

commencing treatment with this medicine.

This medicine may cause low blood pressure upon standing. In this case, getting up

from a lying or sitting position should be gradual (see "SIDE EFFECTS").

Problem controlling core body temperature had been rarely reported while using this

medicine, therefore caution should be taken while exercising strenuously, exposed

to extreme heat, and taking medicines with anticholinergic activity.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

If you are taking another medicine concomitantly including medicines obtained without

a prescription or if you have just finished treatment with another medicine, inform the

attending doctor, in order to prevent hazards or lack of efficacy arising from drug

interactions.

You should tell your doctor if you are taking antidepressant drugs (specifically

fluvoxamine, paroxetine or fluoxetine) as it may be necessary to change your Saphris

or antidepressant drug dose.

Since Saphris works primarily in the brain, interference from other medicines (or

alcohol) that work in the brain could occur due to an additive effect on brain function.

Since Saphris can lower blood pressure, care should be taken when Saphris is taken

with other medicines that lower blood pressure.

Avoid taking medicines that prolong the QT interval.

SIDE EFFECTS

In addition to the desired effect of the medicine, adverse reactions may occur during

the course of taking this medicine, for example:

Very common side effects (affect more than 1 user in 10)

- Sleepiness

Common side effects (affect 1 to 10 users in 100)

- Weight gain

- Increased appetite

- Drowsiness

- Restlessness

- Slow movements and tremor

- Slow or sustained muscle contractions

- Dizziness

- Change in taste

- Involuntary muscle contractions

- Sensation of numbness in the tongue or mouth

- Fatigue

- Increase in the level of liver proteins

Uncommon side effects (affect 1 to 10 users in 1,000)

- Fainting episode

- Convulsion

- Abnormal muscle movements: a collection of symptoms known as extrapyramidal

symptoms (EPS) which may include one or more of the

following: abnormal movements of muscles, tongue, or jaw, slow or sustained muscle

contractions, muscle spasms, tremor (shaking), abnormal movements of the eyes,

involuntary muscle contractions, slow movements, or restlessness

- Speech problems

- Abnormal slow or fast heartbeat

- Middle heart block

- Low blood pressure upon standing

- Tingling of the tongue or in the mouth

- Swollen or painful tongue

- Difficulty in swallowing

Rare side effects (affect 1 to 10 users in 10,000)

− Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (confusion, reduced or loss of consciousness, high

fever, and severe muscle stiffness)

− Difficulties in focusing with the eyes

Side effects with unknown frequency

Increased blood sugar level symptoms including excessive thirst, increased

appetite and frequent urination

Allergic reactions, infections, leakage of milk from the breast, breast

enlargement, lack of regular menstrual periods, sexual dysfunction

In the early stages of treatment, some people may faint, especially when getting up

from a lying or sitting position. This is more likely to happen if you are elderly. This will

usually pass on its own but if it does not, tell your doctor.

If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this

leaflet, please tell your doctor.

SIDE EFFECTS WHICH REQUIRE SPECIAL ATTENTION

Tell your doctor immediately if you experience:

− involuntary rhythmic movements of the tongue, mouth and face. Withdrawal of

Saphris may be needed.

− fever, severe muscle stiffness, sweating or a lowered level of consciousness (a

disorder called “neuroleptic malignant syndrome”). Immediate medical treatment may

be needed.

− serious allergic reactions (signs and symptoms of a serious allergic reaction may

include difficulty breathing, rash, itching, swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat,

feeling lightheaded etc.). Seek immediate emergency assistance if you develop any of

these signs and symptoms.

DOSAGE

Dosage is according to doctor's instructions only.

This medicine is not intended to be used in children.

Do not exceed the recommended dosage.

This medicine should be taken at specific time intervals as determined by the attending

doctor.

If you have forgotten to take a dose at the specified time, wait and take your next dose

as usual. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose. If you miss two

or more doses, contact your doctor.

If you stop taking Saphris, you will lose the effects of this medicine. You should not

stop taking this medicine, unless your doctor tells you as your symptoms may return.

If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor.

DIRECTIONS FOR USE

If you are taking other medicines, Saphris should be taken last.

Figure 1

Figure 2

Figure 3

Do not remove a tablet until ready to take it. Use dry hands when touching the tablet.

Do not push the tablet through the tablet pack. Do not cut or tear the tablet pack. Peel

back the colored tab (Figure 1). Gently remove the tablet (Figure 2). Do not crush the

tablet.

To ensure optimal absorption, place the tablet under the tongue and wait until it

dissolves completely (Figure 3). The tablet will dissolve in saliva within seconds. Do not

swallow crush or chew the tablet. Do not eat or drink for 10 minutes after taking the

tablet.

HOW CAN YOU CONTRIBUTE TO THE SUCCESS OF THE TREATMENT?

Complete the full course of treatment as instructed by the doctor.

Even if there is an improvement in your health, do not discontinue use of this medicine,

before consulting your doctor.

AVOID POISONING!

This medicine, and all other medicines, must be stored in a safe place out of the reach

and sight of children and/or infants, to avoid poisoning. If you have taken an overdose,

or if a child has accidentally swallowed the medicine, proceed immediately to a hospital

emergency room and bring the package of the medicine with you.

Do not induce vomiting unless explicitly instructed to do so by a doctor!

This medicine has been prescribed for the treatment of your ailment; in another patient

it may cause harm. Do not give this medicine to your relatives, neighbours or

acquaintances.

Do not take medicines in the dark! Check the label and the dose each time you take

your medicine. Wear glasses if you need them.

STORAGE

Store at 15ºC to 30ºC. Keep out of the reach and sight of children.

Store in the original package in order to protect from light and moisture. Even if kept in

their original container and stored as recommended, medicines may be kept for a

limited period only. Please note the expiry date of the medicine! In case of doubt,

consult the pharmacist who dispensed the medicine to you.

Do not store different medications in the same package.

Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your

pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help

to protect the environment.

DRUG REGISTRATION NUMBERS

Saphris 5 mg: 146 04 33228 00

Saphris 10 mg: 146 05 33229 00

MANUFACTURER:

Organon (Ireland) Ltd., Swords, Dublin, Ireland.

LICENSE HOLDER:

Merck Sharp & Dohme (Israel-1996) Company Ltd.

P.O.Box7121, Petah-Tikva 49170

MARKETED BY:

Lundbeck Israel Ltd., 4 Derech Hashalom St. Tel-Aviv.

HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use

SAPHRIS

®

(asenapine) safely and effectively. See full prescribing

information for SAPHRIS.

SAPHRIS (asenapine) sublingual tablets

Initial U.S. Approval: 2009

WARNING: INCREASED MORTALITY IN ELDERLY PATIENTS

WITH DEMENTIA-RELATED PSYCHOSIS

See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.

Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with

antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. SAPHRIS is

not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related

psychosis. (5.1)

---------------------------RECENT MAJOR CHANGES---------------------------

Indications and Usage, Schizophrenia (1.1)

09/2010

Indications and Usage, Bipolar Disorder (1.2)

09/2010

Dosage and Administration, Schizophrenia (2.2)

09/2010

Dosage and Administration, Bipolar Disorder (2.3)

09/2010

Contraindications (4)

08/2011

Warnings and Precautions, Hypersensitivity Reactions (5.7)

08/2011

---------------------------INDICATIONS AND USAGE-----------------------------

SAPHRIS is an atypical antipsychotic indicated for:

Treatment of schizophrenia

in adults. (1.1)

Efficacy was established in two 6-week clinical trials and one

maintenance trial in patients with schizophrenia in adults. (14.1)

Acute treatment, as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy, of manic

or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder. (1.2)

Efficacy was established in two 3-week monotherapy trials and in

one 3-week adjunctive trial in patients with manic or mixed

episodes associated with bipolar I disorder in adults. (14.2)

-------------------------DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION----------------------

Starting

Dose

Recommended

Dose

Maximum

Dose

Schizophrenia –

acute treatment in

adults (2.2)

5 mg

sublingually

twice daily

5 mg

sublingually

twice daily

10 mg

sublingually

twice daily

Schizophrenia –

maintenance

treatment in adults

(2.2)

5 mg

sublingually

twice daily

for one

week

10 mg

sublingually

twice daily

10 mg

sublingually

twice daily

Bipolar mania –

adults:

monotherapy (2.3)

10 mg

sublingually

twice daily

5-10 mg

sublingually

twice daily

10 mg

sublingually

twice daily

Bipolar mania –

adults:

as an adjunct to

lithium or

valproate (2.3)

5 mg

sublingually

twice daily

5-10 mg

sublingually

twice daily

10 mg

sublingually

twice daily

Administration: Do not swallow tablet. SAPHRIS sublingual tablets

should be placed under the tongue and left to dissolve completely. The

tablet will dissolve in saliva within seconds. Eating and drinking should

be avoided for 10 minutes after administration. (2.1, 17.1)

-----------------------DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS--------------------

Sublingual tablets: 5 mg and 10 mg (3)

-----------------------------CONTRAINDICATIONS---------------------------------

Known hypersensitivity to SAPHRIS (asenapine), or to any

components in the formulation. (4, 5.7, 17.3)

-----------------------WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS------------------------

Cerebrovascular Adverse Events: An increased incidence of

cerebrovascular adverse events (e.g., stroke, transient ischemic

attack) has been seen in elderly patients with dementia-related

psychoses treated with atypical antipsychotic drugs. (5.2)

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome: Manage with immediate

discontinuation and close monitoring. (5.3)

Tardive Dyskinesia: Discontinue if clinically appropriate. (5.4)

Hyperglycemia and Diabetes Mellitus: Monitor patients for

symptoms of hyperglycemia including polydipsia, polyuria,

polyphagia, and weakness. Monitor glucose regularly in patients

with, and at risk for, diabetes. (5.5)

Weight Gain: Patients should receive regular monitoring of

weight. (5.6)

Hypersensitivity Reactions: Hypersensitivity reactions, including

anaphylaxis and angioedema, have been observed. (5.7)

Orthostatic Hypotension and Syncope: Dizziness, tachycardia or

bradycardia, and syncope may occur, especially early in

treatment. Use with caution in patients with known cardiovascular

or cerebrovascular disease, and in antipsychotic-naïve patients.

(5.8)

Leukopenia, Neutropenia, and Agranulocytosis have been

reported with antipsychotics. Patients with a pre-existing low white

blood cell count (WBC) or a history of leukopenia/neutropenia

should have their complete blood count (CBC) monitored

frequently during the first few months of therapy and SAPHRIS

should be discontinued at the first sign of a decline in WBC in the

absence of other causative factors. (5.9)

QT Prolongation: Increases in QT interval; avoid use with drugs

that also increase the QT interval and in patients with risk factors

for prolonged QT interval. (5.10)

Seizures: Use cautiously in patients with a history of seizures or

with conditions that lower the seizure threshold. (5.12)

Potential for Cognitive and Motor Impairment: Use caution when

operating machinery. (5.13)

Suicide: The possibility of a suicide attempt is inherent in

schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Closely supervise high-risk

patients. (5.15)

-------------------------------ADVERSE REACTIONS------------------------------

Commonly observed adverse reactions (incidence

5% and at least

twice that for placebo) were (6.2):

Schizophrenia

: akathisia, oral hypoesthesia, and somnolence.

Bipolar Disorder (Monotherapy): somnolence, dizziness,

extrapyramidal symptoms other than akathisia, and weight

increased.

Bipolar Disorder (Adjunctive): somnolence and oral hypoesthesia.

-------------------------------DRUG INTERACTIONS------------------------------

Fluvoxamine (strong CYP1A2 inhibitor) and Paroxetine (CYP2D6

substrate and inhibitor): cautiously approach coadministration with

SAPHRIS. (7.1, 7.2)

--------------------------USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS---------------------

Pregnancy: Use SAPHRIS during pregnancy only if the potential

benefit justifies the potential risk. (8.1)

Nursing Mothers: Breast feeding is not recommended. (8.3)

Pediatric Use: Safety and effectiveness have not been

established. (8.4)

Renal Impairment: No dose adjustment needed. (8.6)

Hepatic Impairment: SAPHRIS is not recommended in patients

with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh C). (2.4, 8.7, 12.3)

See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

Revised: 08/2011

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*

WARNING:

INCREASED

MORTALITY

IN

ELDERLY

PATIENTS

WITH DEMENTIA-RELATED PSYCHOSIS

1

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Schizophrenia

Bipolar Disorder

2

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Administration Instructions

Schizophrenia

Bipolar Disorder

Dosage in Special Populations

Switching from Other Antipsychotics

3

DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

4

CONTRAINDICATIONS

5

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

Increased Mortality in Elderly Patients with Dementia-

Related Psychosis

Cerebrovascular Adverse Events, Including Stroke, In

Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

Tardive Dyskinesia

Hyperglycemia and Diabetes Mellitus

Weight Gain

Hypersensitivity Reactions

Orthostatic Hypotension, Syncope, and Other Hemodynamic

Effects

Leukopenia, Neutropenia, and Agranulocytosis

5.10

QT Prolongation

5.11

Hyperprolactinemia

5.12

Seizures

5.13

Potential for Cognitive and Motor Impairment

5.14

Body Temperature Regulation

5.15

Suicide

5.16

Dysphagia

5.17

Use in Patients with Concomitant Illness

6

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Overall Adverse Reactions Profile

Clinical Studies Experience

7

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Potential for Other Drugs to Affect SAPHRIS

Potential for SAPHRIS to Affect Other Drugs

8

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Pregnancy

Labor and Delivery

Nursing Mothers

Pediatric Use

Geriatric Use

Renal Impairment

Hepatic Impairment

9

DRUG ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE

Controlled Substance

Abuse

10

OVERDOSAGE

11

DESCRIPTION

12

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1

Mechanism of Action

12.2

Pharmacodynamics

12.3

Pharmacokinetics

13

NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

14

CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1

Schizophrenia

14.2

Bipolar Disorder

16

HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

17

PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

17.1

Tablet Administration

17.2

Increased Mortality in Elderly Patients with Dementia-

Related Psychosis

17.3

Hypersensitivity Reactions

17.4

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

17.5

Hyperglycemia and Diabetes Mellitus

17.6

Weight Gain

17.7

Orthostatic Hypotension

17.8

Leukopenia/Neutropenia

17.9

Interference with Cognitive and Motor Performance

17.10

Heat Exposure and Dehydration

17.11

Concomitant Medication and Alcohol

17.12

Pregnancy and Nursing

*Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information

are not listed.

The format of this leaflet was determined by the Ministry of Health and its content was checked and

approved in November 2011.

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

WARNING: INCREASED MORTALITY IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH DEMENTIA-RELATED

PSYCHOSIS

Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at

an increased risk of death. Analyses of 17 placebo-controlled trials (modal duration of 10 weeks),

largely in patients taking atypical antipsychotic drugs, revealed a risk of death in the drug-treated

patients of between 1.6 to 1.7 times that seen in placebo-treated patients. Over the course of a

typical 10-week controlled trial, the rate of death in drug-treated patients was about 4.5%,

compared to a rate of about 2.6% in the placebo group. Although the causes of death were varied,

most of the deaths appeared to be either cardiovascular (e.g., heart failure, sudden death) or

infectious (e.g., pneumonia) in nature. Observational studies suggest that, similar to atypical

antipsychotic drugs, treatment with conventional antipsychotic drugs may increase mortality. The

extent to which the findings of increased mortality in observational studies may be attributed to

the antipsychotic drug as opposed to some characteristic(s) of the patients is not clear.

SAPHRIS

®

(asenapine) is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related

psychosis and is not recommended for use in this particular group of patients [see Warnings and

Precautions (5.1)].

1

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

1.1

Schizophrenia

SAPHRIS is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia in adults. The efficacy of SAPHRIS was

established in two 6-week trials and one maintenance trial in adults [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].

1.2

Bipolar Disorder

Monotherapy: SAPHRIS is indicated for the acute treatment of manic or mixed episodes

associated with bipolar I disorder. Efficacy was established in two 3-week monotherapy trials in adults

[see Clinical Studies (14.2)].

Adjunctive Therapy: SAPHRIS is indicated as adjunctive therapy with either lithium or valproate

for the acute treatment of manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder. Efficacy was

established in one 3-week adjunctive trial in adults [see Clinical Studies (14.2)].

2

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1

Administration Instructions

SAPHRIS is a sublingual tablet. To ensure optimal absorption, patients should be instructed to

place the tablet under the tongue and allow it to dissolve completely. The tablet will dissolve in saliva

within seconds. SAPHRIS sublingual tablets should not be crushed, chewed, or swallowed [see Clinical

Pharmacology (12.3)]. Patients should be instructed to not eat or drink for 10 minutes after administration

[see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) and Patient Counseling Information (17.1)].

2.2

Schizophrenia

Usual Dose for Acute Treatment in Adults: The recommended starting and target dose of

SAPHRIS is 5 mg given twice daily. In short term controlled trials, there was no suggestion of added

benefit with a 10 mg twice daily dose, but there was a clear increase in certain adverse reactions. The

safety of doses above 10 mg twice daily has not been evaluated in clinical studies.

Maintenance Treatment: Efficacy was demonstrated with SAPHRIS in a maintenance trial in

patients with schizophrenia. The starting dose in this study was 5 mg twice daily with an increase up to 10

mg twice daily after 1 week based on tolerability [see Clinical Studies (14.1)]. While there is no body of

evidence available to answer the question of how long the schizophrenic patient should remain on

SAPHRIS, patients should be periodically reassessed to determine the need for maintenance treatment.

2.3

Bipolar Disorder

Usual Dose for Acute Treatment of Manic or Mixed Episodes Associated with Bipolar I

Disorder in Adults:

Monotherapy: The recommended starting dose of SAPHRIS, and the dose maintained by 90% of

the patients studied, is 10 mg twice daily. The dose can be decreased to 5 mg twice daily if warranted by

adverse effects or based on individual tolerability.

In controlled monotherapy trials, the starting dose for SAPHRIS was 10 mg twice daily. On the

second and subsequent days of the trials, the dose could be lowered to 5 mg twice daily, based on

tolerability, but less than 10% of patients had their dose reduced. The safety of doses above 10 mg twice

daily has not been evaluated in clinical trials.

Adjunctive Therapy: The recommended starting dose of SAPHRIS is 5 mg twice daily when

administered as adjunctive therapy with either lithium or valproate. Depending on the clinical response

and tolerability in the individual patient, the dose can be increased to 10 mg twice daily. The safety of

doses above 10 mg twice daily as adjunctive therapy with lithium or valproate has not been evaluated in

clinical trials.

Maintenance Treatment: While there is no body of evidence available to answer the question of

how long the bipolar patient should remain on SAPHRIS, whether used as monotherapy or as adjunctive

therapy with lithium or valproate, it is generally recommended that responding patients be continued

beyond the acute response. If SAPHRIS is used for extended periods in bipolar disorder, the physician

should periodically re-evaluate the long-term risks and benefits of the drug for the individual patient.

2.4

Dosage in Special Populations

In a study of subjects with hepatic impairment who were treated with a single dose of SAPHRIS 5 mg,

there were increases in asenapine exposures (compared to subjects with normal hepatic function), that

correlated with the degree of hepatic impairment. While the results indicated that no dosage adjustments

are required in patients with mild (Child-Pugh A) or moderate (Child-Pugh B) hepatic impairment, there was

a 7-fold increase (on average) in asenapine concentrations in subjects with severe hepatic impairment

(Child-Pugh C) compared to the concentrations of those in subjects with normal hepatic function. Therefore,

SAPHRIS is not recommended in patients with severe hepatic impairment [see Use in Special Populations

(8.7)]. Dosage adjustments are not routinely required on the basis of age, gender, race, or renal impairment

status [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4, 8.5, 8.6) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

2.5

Switching from Other Antipsychotics

There are no systematically collected data to specifically address switching patients with

schizophrenia or bipolar mania from other antipsychotics to SAPHRIS or concerning concomitant

administration with other antipsychotics. While immediate discontinuation of the previous antipsychotic

treatment may be acceptable for some patients with schizophrenia, more gradual discontinuation may be

most appropriate for others. In all cases, the period of overlapping antipsychotic administration should be

minimized.

3

DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

SAPHRIS 5-mg tablets are round, white to off-white sublingual tablets, with “5” on one side.

SAPHRIS 10-mg tablets are round, white to off-white sublingual tablets, with “10” on one side.

4

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis and angioedema, have been observed in patients

treated with asenapine. Therefore, SAPHRIS

is contraindicated in patients with a known hypersensitivity

to the product [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7), Adverse Reactions (6.1) and Patient Counseling

Information (17.3)].

5

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1

Increased Mortality in Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis

Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an

increased risk of death. SAPHRIS is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-

related psychosis and is not recommended for use in this particular group of patients [see Boxed

Warning].

5.2

Cerebrovascular Adverse Events, Including Stroke, In Elderly Patients with Dementia-

Related Psychosis

In placebo-controlled trials with risperidone, aripiprazole, and olanzapine in elderly subjects with

dementia, there was a higher incidence of cerebrovascular adverse reactions (cerebrovascular accidents

and transient ischemic attacks) including fatalities compared to placebo-treated subjects. SAPHRIS

is not

approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis and is not recommended for use

in this particular group of patients [see also Boxed Warning and Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

5.3

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

A potentially fatal symptom complex sometimes referred to as Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

(NMS) has been reported in association with administration of antipsychotic drugs, including SAPHRIS.

Clinical manifestations of NMS are hyperpyrexia, muscle rigidity, altered mental status, and evidence of

autonomic instability (irregular pulse or blood pressure, tachycardia, diaphoresis, and cardiac

dysrhythmia). Additional signs may include elevated creatine phosphokinase, myoglobinuria

(rhabdomyolysis), and acute renal failure.

The diagnostic evaluation of patients with this syndrome is complicated. It is important to exclude

cases where the clinical presentation includes both serious medical illness (e.g. pneumonia, systemic

infection) and untreated or inadequately treated extrapyramidal signs and symptoms (EPS). Other

important considerations in the differential diagnosis include central anticholinergic toxicity, heat stroke,

drug fever, and primary central nervous system pathology.

The management of NMS should include: 1) immediate discontinuation of antipsychotic drugs and

other drugs not essential to concurrent therapy; 2) intensive symptomatic treatment and medical

monitoring; and 3) treatment of any concomitant serious medical problems for which specific treatments

are available. There is no general agreement about specific pharmacological treatment regimens for

NMS.

If a patient requires antipsychotic drug treatment after recovery from NMS, the potential

reintroduction of drug therapy should be carefully considered. The patient should be carefully monitored,

since recurrences of NMS have been reported.

5.4

Tardive Dyskinesia

A syndrome of potentially irreversible, involuntary, dyskinetic movements can develop in patients

treated with antipsychotic drugs. Although the prevalence of the syndrome appears to be highest among

the elderly, especially elderly women, it is impossible to rely upon prevalence estimates to predict, at the

inception of antipsychotic treatment, which patients are likely to develop the syndrome. Whether

antipsychotic drug products differ in their potential to cause Tardive Dyskinesia (TD) is unknown.

The risk of developing TD and the likelihood that it will become irreversible are believed to increase

as the duration of treatment and the total cumulative dose of antipsychotic drugs administered to the

patient increase. However, the syndrome can develop, although much less commonly, after relatively

brief treatment periods at low doses.

There is no known treatment for established cases of TD, although the syndrome may remit,

partially or completely, if antipsychotic treatment is withdrawn. Antipsychotic treatment, itself, however,

may suppress (or partially suppress) the signs and symptoms of the syndrome and thereby may possibly

mask the underlying process. The effect that symptomatic suppression has upon the long-term course of

the syndrome is unknown.

Given these considerations, SAPHRIS should be prescribed in a manner that is most likely to

minimize the occurrence of TD. Chronic antipsychotic treatment should generally be reserved for patients

who suffer from a chronic illness that (1) is known to respond to antipsychotic drugs, and (2) for whom

alternative, equally effective, but potentially less harmful treatments are not available or appropriate. In

patients who do require chronic treatment, the smallest dose and the shortest duration of treatment

producing a satisfactory clinical response should be sought. The need for continued treatment should be

reassessed periodically.

The onset of extrapyramidal symptoms is a risk factor for tardive dyskinesia

.

If signs and symptoms of TD appear in a patient on SAPHRIS, drug discontinuation should be

considered. However, some patients may require treatment with SAPHRIS despite the presence of the

syndrome.

5.5

Hyperglycemia and Diabetes Mellitus

Hyperglycemia, in some cases extreme and associated with ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar coma or

death, has been reported in patients treated with atypical antipsychotics. Assessment of the relationship

between atypical antipsychotic use and glucose abnormalities is complicated by the possibility of an

increased background risk of diabetes mellitus in patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder and the

increasing incidence of diabetes mellitus in the general population. Given these confounders, the

relationship between atypical antipsychotic use and hyperglycemia-related adverse reactions is not

completely understood. However, epidemiological studies suggest an increased risk of treatment-

emergent hyperglycemia-related adverse events in patients treated with the atypical antipsychotics

included in these studies. Because SAPHRIS was not marketed at the time these studies were

performed, it is not known if SAPHRIS is associated with this increased risk. Precise risk estimates for

hyperglycemia-related adverse events in patients treated with atypical antipsychotics are not available.

Patients with an established diagnosis of diabetes mellitus who are started on atypical

antipsychotics should be monitored regularly for worsening of glucose control. Patients with risk factors

for diabetes mellitus (e.g., obesity, family history of diabetes) who are starting treatment with atypical

antipsychotics should undergo fasting blood glucose testing at the beginning of treatment and periodically

during treatment. Any patient treated with atypical antipsychotics should be monitored for symptoms of

hyperglycemia including polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia, and weakness. Patients who develop symptoms

of hyperglycemia during treatment with atypical antipsychotics should undergo fasting blood glucose

testing. In some cases, hyperglycemia has resolved when the atypical antipsychotic was discontinued;

however, some patients required continuation of anti-diabetic treatment despite discontinuation of the

antipsychotic drug.

5.6

Weight Gain

Increases in weight have been observed in pre-marketing clinical trials with SAPHRIS. Patients

receiving SAPHRIS should receive regular monitoring of weight [see Patient Counseling Information

(17.6)].

In short-term schizophrenia and bipolar mania trials, there were differences in mean weight gain

between SAPHRIS-treated and placebo-treated patients. In short-term, placebo-controlled schizophrenia

trials, the mean weight gain was 1.1 kg for SAPHRIS-treated patients compared to 0.1 kg for placebo-

treated patients. The proportion of patients with a ≥7% increase in body weight (at Endpoint) was 4.9% for

SAPHRIS-treated patients versus 2% for placebo-treated patients. In short-term, placebo-controlled

bipolar mania trials, the mean weight gain for SAPHRIS-treated patients was 1.3 kg compared to 0.2 kg

for placebo-treated patients. The proportion of patients with a ≥7% increase in body weight (at Endpoint)

was 5.8% for SAPHRIS-treated patients versus 0.5% for placebo-treated patients.

In a 52-week, double-blind, comparator-controlled trial of patients with schizophrenia or

schizoaffective disorder, the mean weight gain from baseline was 0.9 kg. The proportion of patients with a

≥7% increase in body weight (at Endpoint) was 14.7%. Table 1 provides the mean weight change from

baseline and the proportion of patients with a weight gain of ≥7% categorized by Body Mass Index (BMI)

at baseline:

TABLE 1: Weight Change Results Categorized by BMI at Baseline: Comparator-Controlled

52-Week Study in Schizophrenia

BMI <23

SAPHRIS

N=295

BMI 23 - ≤27

SAPHRIS

N=290

BMI >27

SAPHRIS

N=302

Mean change

from Baseline

(kg)

% with ≥7%

increase in body

weight

5.7

Hypersensitivity Reactions

Hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis and angioedema, have been observed in patients

treated with asenapine. In several cases, these reactions occurred after the first dose. These

hypersensitivity reactions included: anaphylaxis, angioedema, hypotension, tachycardia, swollen tongue,

dyspnea, wheezing and rash.

5.8

Orthostatic Hypotension, Syncope, and Other Hemodynamic Effects

SAPHRIS may induce orthostatic hypotension and syncope in some patients, especially early in

treatment, because of its

1-adrenergic antagonist activity. Elderly patients are particularly at risk for

experiencing orthostatic hypotension. In short-term schizophrenia trials, syncope was reported in 0.2%

(1/572) of patients treated with therapeutic doses (5 mg or 10 mg twice daily) of SAPHRIS, compared to

0.3% (1/378) of patients treated with placebo. In short-term bipolar mania trials, syncope was reported in

0.3% (1/379) of patients treated with therapeutic doses (5 mg or 10 mg twice daily) of SAPHRIS,

compared to 0% (0/203) of patients treated with placebo. During pre-marketing clinical trials with

SAPHRIS, including long-term trials without comparison to placebo, syncope was reported in 0.6%

(11/1953) of patients treated with SAPHRIS.

Four normal volunteers in clinical pharmacology studies treated with either intravenous, oral, or

sublingual SAPHRIS experienced hypotension, bradycardia, and sinus pauses. These spontaneously

resolved in 3 cases, but the fourth subject received external cardiac massage. The risk of this sequence

of hypotension, bradycardia, and sinus pause might be greater in nonpsychiatric patients compared to

psychiatric patients who are possibly more adapted to certain effects of psychotropic drugs.

Patients should be instructed about nonpharmacologic interventions that help to reduce the

occurrence of orthostatic hypotension (e.g., sitting on the edge of the bed for several minutes before

attempting to stand in the morning and slowly rising from a seated position). SAPHRIS should be used

with caution in (1) patients with known cardiovascular disease (history of myocardial infarction or ischemic

heart disease, heart failure or conduction abnormalities), cerebrovascular disease, or conditions which

would predispose patients to hypotension (dehydration, hypovolemia, and treatment with antihypertensive

medications); and (2) in the elderly. SAPHRIS should be used cautiously when treating patients who

receive treatment with other drugs that can induce hypotension, bradycardia, respiratory or central

nervous system depression [see Drug Interactions (7)]. Monitoring of orthostatic vital signs should be

considered in all such patients, and a dose reduction should be considered if hypotension occurs.

5.9

Leukopenia, Neutropenia, and Agranulocytosis

In clinical trial and postmarketing experience, events of leukopenia/neutropenia have been reported

temporally related to antipsychotic agents, including SAPHRIS. Agranulocytosis (including fatal cases)

has been reported with other agents in the class.

Possible risk factors for leukopenia/neutropenia include pre-existing low white blood cell count

(WBC) and history of drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia. Patients with a pre-existing low WBC or a

history of drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia should have their complete blood count (CBC) monitored

frequently during the first few months of therapy and SAPHRIS should be discontinued at the first sign of

decline in WBC in the absence of other causative factors.

Patients with neutropenia should be carefully monitored for fever or other symptoms or signs of

infection and treated promptly if such symptoms or signs occur. Patients with severe neutropenia

(absolute neutrophil count <1000/mm

) should discontinue SAPHRIS and have their WBC followed until

recovery.

5.10

QT Prolongation

The effects of SAPHRIS on the QT/QTc interval were evaluated in a dedicated QT study. This trial

involved SAPHRIS doses of 5 mg, 10 mg, 15 mg, and 20 mg twice daily, and placebo, and was

conducted in 151 clinically stable patients with schizophrenia, with electrocardiographic assessments

throughout the dosing interval at baseline and steady state. At these doses, SAPHRIS was associated

with increases in QTc interval ranging from 2 to 5 msec compared to placebo. No patients treated with

SAPHRIS experienced QTc increases

60 msec from baseline measurements, nor did any patient

experience a QTc of

500 msec.

Electrocardiogram (ECG) measurements were taken at various time points during the SAPHRIS

clinical trial program (5-mg or 10-mg twice daily doses). Post-baseline QT prolongations exceeding 500

msec were reported at comparable rates for SAPHRIS and placebo in these short-term trials. There were

no reports of Torsade de Pointes or any other adverse reactions associated with delayed ventricular

repolarization.

The use of SAPHRIS should be avoided in combination with other drugs known to prolong QTc

including Class 1A antiarrhythmics (e.g., quinidine, procainamide) or Class 3 antiarrhythmics (e.g.,

amiodarone, sotalol), antipsychotic medications (e.g., ziprasidone, chlorpromazine, thioridazine), and

antibiotics (e.g., gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin). SAPHRIS should also be avoided in patients with a history of

cardiac arrhythmias and in other circumstances that may increase the risk of the occurrence of torsade de

pointes and/or sudden death in association with the use of drugs that prolong the QTc interval, including

bradycardia; hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia; and presence of congenital prolongation of the QT

interval.

5.11

Hyperprolactinemia

Like other drugs that antagonize dopamine D

receptors, SAPHRIS can elevate prolactin levels,

and the elevation can persist during chronic administration. Hyperprolactinemia may suppress

hypothalamic GnRH, resulting in reduced pituitary gonadotropin secretion. This, in turn, may inhibit

reproductive function by impairing gonadal steroidogenesis in both female and male patients.

Galactorrhea, amenorrhea, gynecomastia, and impotence have been reported in patients receiving

prolactin-elevating compounds. Long-standing hyperprolactinemia when associated with hypogonadism

may lead to decreased bone density in both female and male subjects. In SAPHRIS clinical trials, the

incidences of adverse events related to abnormal prolactin levels were 0.4% versus 0% for placebo [see

Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

Tissue culture experiments indicate that approximately one-third of human breast cancers are

prolactin-dependent in vitro, a factor of potential importance if the prescription of these drugs is

considered in a patient with previously-detected breast cancer.

Neither clinical studies nor epidemiologic

studies conducted to date have shown an association between chronic administration of this class of

drugs and tumorigenesis in humans, but the available evidence is too limited to be conclusive.

5.12

Seizures

Seizures were reported in 0% and 0.3% (0/572, 1/379) of patients treated with doses of 5 mg and

10 mg twice daily of SAPHRIS, respectively, compared to 0% (0/503, 0/203) of patients treated with

placebo in short-term schizophrenia and bipolar mania trials, respectively. During pre-marketing clinical

trials with SAPHRIS, including long-term trials without comparison to placebo, seizures were reported in

0.3% (5/1953) of patients treated with SAPHRIS. As with other antipsychotic drugs, SAPHRIS should be

used with caution in patients with a history of seizures or with conditions that potentially lower the seizure

threshold, e.g., Alzheimer's dementia. Conditions that lower the seizure threshold may be more prevalent

in patients 65 years or older.

5.13

Potential for Cognitive and Motor Impairment

Somnolence was reported in patients treated with SAPHRIS. It was usually transient with the

highest incidence reported during the first week of treatment. In short-term, fixed-dose, placebo-controlled

schizophrenia trials, somnolence was reported in 15% (41/274) of patients on SAPHRIS 5 mg twice daily

and in 13% (26/208) of patients on SAPHRIS 10 mg twice daily compared to 7% (26/378) of placebo

patients. In short-term, placebo-controlled bipolar mania trials of therapeutic doses (5-10 mg twice daily),

somnolence was reported in 24% (90/379) of patients on SAPHRIS compared to 6% (13/203) of placebo

patients. During pre-marketing clinical trials with SAPHRIS, including long-term trials without comparison

to placebo, somnolence was reported in 18% (358/1953) of patients treated with SAPHRIS. Somnolence

(including sedation) led to discontinuation in 0.6% (12/1953) of patients in short-term, placebo-controlled

trials.

Patients should be cautioned about performing activities requiring mental alertness, such as

operating hazardous machinery or operating a motor vehicle, until they are reasonably certain that

SAPHRIS therapy does not affect them adversely.

5.14

Body Temperature Regulation

Disruption of the body’s ability to reduce core body temperature has been attributed to antipsychotic

agents. In the short-term placebo-controlled trials for both schizophrenia and acute bipolar disorder, the

incidence of adverse reactions suggestive of body temperature increases was low (

1%) and comparable

to placebo. During pre-marketing clinical trials with SAPHRIS, including long-term trials without

comparison to placebo, the incidence of adverse reactions suggestive of body temperature increases

(pyrexia and feeling hot) was

1%. Appropriate care is advised when prescribing SAPHRIS for patients

who will be experiencing conditions that may contribute to an elevation in core body temperature, e.g.,

exercising strenuously, exposure to extreme heat, receiving concomitant medication with anticholinergic

activity, or being subject to dehydration.

5.15

Suicide

The possibility of a suicide attempt is inherent in psychotic illnesses and bipolar disorder, and close

supervision of high-risk patients should accompany drug therapy. Prescriptions for SAPHRIS should be

written for the smallest quantity of tablets consistent with good patient management in order to reduce the

risk of overdose.

5.16

Dysphagia

Esophageal dysmotility and aspiration have been associated with antipsychotic drug use.

Dysphagia was reported in 0.2% and 0% (1/572, 0/379) of patients treated with therapeutic doses (5-10

mg twice daily) of SAPHRIS as compared to 0% (0/378, 0/203) of patients treated with placebo in short-

term schizophrenia and bipolar mania trials, respectively. During pre-marketing clinical trials with

SAPHRIS, including long-term trials without comparison to placebo, dysphagia was reported in 0.1%

(2/1953) of patients treated with SAPHRIS.

Aspiration pneumonia is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in elderly patients, in particular

those with advanced Alzheimer’s dementia. SAPHRIS is not indicated for the treatment of dementia-

related psychosis, and should not be used in patients at risk for aspiration pneumonia [see also Warnings

and Precautions (5.1)].

5.17

Use in Patients with Concomitant Illness

Clinical experience with SAPHRIS in patients with certain concomitant systemic illnesses is limited

[see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

SAPHRIS

has not been evaluated in patients with a recent history of myocardial infarction or

unstable heart disease. Patients with these diagnoses were excluded from pre-marketing clinical trials.

Because of the risk of orthostatic hypotension with SAPHRIS, caution should be observed in cardiac

patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].

6

ADVERSE REACTIONS

6.1

Overall Adverse Reactions Profile

The following adverse reactions are discussed in more detail in other sections of the labeling:

Use in Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis [see Boxed Warning and

Warnings and Precautions (5.1 and 5.2)]

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]

Tardive Dyskinesia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]

Hyperglycemia and Diabetes Mellitus [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]

Weight Gain [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)]

Hypersensitivity Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7) and Patient Counseling

Information]

Orthostatic Hypotension, Syncope, and other Hemodynamic Effects [see Warnings and

Precautions (5.8)]

Leukopenia, Neutropenia, and Agranulocytosis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)]

QT Interval Prolongation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)]

Hyperprolactinemia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.11)]

Seizures [see Warnings and Precautions (5.12)]

Potential for Cognitive and Motor Impairment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.13)]

Body Temperature Regulation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.14)]

Suicide [see Warnings and Precautions (5.15)]

Dysphagia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.16)]

Use in Patients with Concomitant Illness [see Warnings and Precautions (5.17)]

The most common adverse reactions (

5% and at least twice the rate of placebo) reported with acute

treatment in schizophrenia were akathisia, oral hypoesthesia, and somnolence. The safety profile of

SAPHRIS in the maintenance treatment of schizophrenia was similar to that seen with acute treatment.

The most common adverse reactions (

5% and at least twice the rate of placebo) reported with acute

monotherapy treatment of manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder were somnolence,

dizziness, extrapyramidal symptoms other than akathisia, and weight increased and during the adjunctive

therapy trial in bipolar disorder were somnolence and oral hypoesthesia.

The information below is derived from a clinical trial database for SAPHRIS consisting of over 4565

patients and/or normal subjects exposed to one or more sublingual doses of SAPHRIS. A total of 1314

SAPHRIS-treated patients were treated for at least 24 weeks and 785 SAPHRIS-treated patients had at

least 52 weeks of exposure at therapeutic doses.

The stated frequencies of adverse reactions represent the proportion of individuals who experienced

a treatment-emergent adverse event of the type listed. A reaction was considered treatment emergent if it

occurred for the first time or worsened while receiving therapy following baseline evaluation.

The figures in the tables and tabulations cannot be used to predict the incidence of side effects in the

course of usual medical practice where patient characteristics and other factors differ from those that

prevailed in the clinical trials. Similarly, the cited frequencies cannot be compared with figures obtained

from other clinical investigations involving different treatment, uses, and investigators. The cited figures,

however, do provide the prescriber with some basis for estimating the relative contribution of drug and

nondrug factors to the adverse reaction incidence in the population studied.

6.2

Clinical Studies Experience

Adult Patients with Schizophrenia: The following findings are based on the short-term placebo-

controlled pre-marketing trials for schizophrenia (a pool of three 6-week fixed-dose trials and one 6-week

flexible-dose trial) in which sublingual SAPHRIS was administered in doses ranging from 5 to 10 mg twice

daily.

Adverse Reactions Associated with Discontinuation of Treatment:

A total of 9% of SAPHRIS-

treated subjects and 10% of placebo subjects discontinued due to adverse reactions. There were no

drug-related adverse reactions associated with discontinuation in subjects treated with SAPHRIS at the

rate of at least 1% and at least twice the placebo rate.

Adverse Reactions Occurring at an Incidence of 2% or More in SAPHRIS-Treated Schizophrenic

Patients: Adverse reactions associated with the use of SAPHRIS (incidence of 2% or greater, rounded to

the nearest percent, and SAPHRIS incidence greater than placebo) that occurred during acute therapy

(up to 6-weeks in patients with schizophrenia) are shown in Table 2.

TABLE 2: Adverse Reactions Reported in 2% or More of Subjects in One of the SAPHRIS

Dose Groups and Which Occurred at Greater Incidence Than in the Placebo Group in 6-

Week Schizophrenia Trials

System Organ Class/

Preferred Term

Placebo

N=378

SAPHRIS

5 mg

twice

daily

N=274

SAPHRIS

10 mg

twice

daily

N=208

All SAPHRIS

5 mg or

10 mg twice

daily

N=572

Gastrointestinal disorders

Constipation

Dry mouth

Oral hypoesthesia

Salivary hypersecretion

<1%

Stomach discomfort

<1%

Vomiting

General disorders

Fatigue

Irritability

<1%

Investigations

Weight increased

<1%

Metabolism disorders

Increased appetite

<1%

Nervous system disorders

Akathisia*

Dizziness

Extrapyramidal symptoms

(excluding akathisia)

Somnolence

Psychiatric disorders

Insomnia

Vascular disorders

Hypertension

*Akathisia includes: akathisia and hyperkinesia.

†Extrapyramidal symptoms included dystonia, oculogyration, dyskinesia, tardive dyskinesia, muscle rigidity, parkinsonism, tremor, and

extrapyramidal disorder (excluding akathisia).

‡Somnolence includes the following events: somnolence, sedation, and hypersomnia.

§Also includes the Flexible-dose trial (N=90).

Dose-Related Adverse Reactions: Of all the adverse reactions listed in Table 2, the only apparent

dose-related adverse reaction was akathisia.

Monotherapy in Adult Patients with Bipolar Mania: The following findings are based on the

short-term placebo-controlled trials for bipolar mania (a pool of two 3-week flexible-dose trials) in which

sublingual SAPHRIS was administered in doses of 5 mg or 10 mg twice daily.

Adverse Reactions Associated with Discontinuation of Treatment:

Approximately 10% (38/379) of

SAPHRIS-treated patients in short-term, placebo-controlled trials discontinued treatment due to an

adverse reaction, compared with about 6% (12/203) on placebo. The most common adverse reactions

associated with discontinuation in subjects treated with SAPHRIS (rates at least 1% and at least twice the

placebo rate) were anxiety (1.1%) and oral hypoesthesia (1.1%) compared to placebo (0%).

Adverse Reactions Occurring at an Incidence of 2% or More Among SAPHRIS-Treated

(Monotherapy) Bipolar Patients: Adverse reactions associated with the use of SAPHRIS (incidence of 2%

or greater, rounded to the nearest percent, and SAPHRIS incidence greater than placebo) that occurred

during acute monotherapy (up to 3-weeks in patients with bipolar mania) are shown in Table 3.

TABLE 3: Adverse Reactions Reported in 2% or More of Subjects in One of the SAPHRIS

Dose Groups and Which Occurred at Greater Incidence Than in the Placebo Group in 3-

Week Bipolar Mania Trials

System Organ Class/Preferred Term

Placebo

N=203

SAPHRIS

5 mg or 10 mg twice

daily*

N=379

Gastrointestinal disorders

Dry mouth

Dyspepsia

Oral hypoesthesia

<1%

Toothache

General disorders

Fatigue

Investigations

Weight increased

<1%

Metabolism disorders

Increased appetite

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

Arthralgia

Pain in extremity

<1%

Nervous system disorders

Akathisia

Dizziness

Dysgeusia

<1%

Headache

Other extrapyramidal symptoms

(excluding akathisia)†

Somnolence‡

Psychiatric disorders

Anxiety

Depression

Insomnia

* SAPHRIS 5 mg to 10 mg twice daily with flexible dosing.

Extrapyramidal symptoms included: dystonia, blepharospasm, torticollis, dyskinesia, tardive dyskinesia,

muscle rigidity, parkinsonism, gait disturbance, masked facies, and tremor (excluding akathisia).

‡Somnolence includes the following events: somnolence, sedation, and hypersomnia.

Adjunctive Therapy in Adult Patients with Bipolar Mania: The following findings are based on a

12 week placebo-controlled trial (with a 3 week efficacy endpoint) in adult patients with bipolar mania in

which sublingual SAPHRIS was administered in doses of 5 mg or 10 mg twice daily as adjunctive therapy

with lithium or valproate.

Adverse Reactions Associated with Discontinuation of Treatment: Approximately 16% (25/158) of

SAPHRIS-treated patients discontinued treatment due to an adverse reaction, compared with about 11%

(18/166) on placebo. The most common adverse reactions associated with discontinuation in subjects

treated with SAPHRIS (rates at least 1% and at least twice the placebo rate) were depression (2.5%),

suicidal ideation (2.5%), bipolar 1 disorder (1.9%), insomnia (1.9%) and depressive symptoms (1.3%).

Adverse Reactions Occurring at an Incidence of 2% or More Among SAPHRIS-Treated (Adjunctive)

Bipolar Patients: Adverse reactions associated with the use of SAPHRIS (incidence of 2% or greater,

rounded to the nearest percent, and SAPHRIS incidence greater than placebo) that occurred during acute

adjunctive therapy at 3 weeks, a time when most of the patients were still participating in the trial, are

shown in Table 4.

TABLE 4: Adverse Reactions Reported in 2% or More Among SAPHRIS-Treated

(Adjunctive) Bipolar Mania Patients and Which Occurred at Greater Incidence Than in the

Placebo Group at 3 Weeks

System Organ Class/Preferred Term

Placebo

N=166

SAPHRIS

5 mg or 10 mg twice daily*

N=158

Gastrointestinal disorders

Dyspepsia

Oral hypoesthesia

General disorders

Fatigue

Edema peripheral

<1%

Investigations

Weight increased

Nervous system disorders

Dizziness

Other extrapyramidal symptoms

(excluding akathisia)

Somnolence

Psychiatric disorders

Insomnia

Vascular disorders

Hypertension

<1%

* SAPHRIS 5 mg to 10 mg twice daily with flexible dosing.

†Extrapyramidal symptoms included: dystonia, parkinsonism, oculogyration, and tremor (excluding akathisia).

‡Somnolence includes the following events: somnolence and sedation.

Dystonia: Antipsychotic Class Effect: Symptoms of dystonia, prolonged abnormal contractions of

muscle groups, may occur in susceptible individuals during the first few days of treatment. Dystonic

symptoms include: spasm of the neck muscles, sometimes progressing to tightness of the throat,

swallowing difficulty, difficulty breathing, and/or protrusion of the tongue. While these symptoms can

occur at low doses, they occur more frequently and with greater severity with high potency and at higher

doses of first generation antipsychotic drugs. An elevated risk of acute dystonia is observed in males and

younger age groups.

Extrapyramidal Symptoms: In the short-term, placebo-controlled schizophrenia and bipolar

mania trials, data was objectively collected on the Simpson Angus Rating Scale for extrapyramidal

symptoms (EPS), the Barnes Akathisia Scale (for akathisia) and the Assessments of Involuntary

Movement Scales (for dyskinesias). The mean change from baseline for the all-SAPHRIS 5 mg or 10 mg

twice daily treated group was comparable to placebo in each of the rating scale scores.

In the short-term, placebo-controlled schizophrenia trials, the incidence of reported EPS-related

events, excluding events related to akathisia, for SAPHRIS-treated patients was 10% versus 7% for

placebo; and the incidence of akathisia-related events for SAPHRIS-treated patients was 6% versus 3%

for placebo. In short-term placebo-controlled bipolar mania trials, the incidence of EPS-related events,

excluding events related to akathisia, for SAPHRIS-treated patients was 7% versus 2% for placebo; and

the incidence of akathisia-related events for SAPHRIS-treated patients was 4% versus 2% for placebo.

Other Findings:

Asenapine has anesthetic properties. Oral hypoesthesia and oral paraesthesia may occur directly after

administration and usually resolve within 1 hour.

Hepatic enzymes: Transient, asymptomatic elevations of hepatic transaminases, alanine transferase

(ALT), aspartate transferase (AST) have been seen commonly, especially in early treatment.

Laboratory Test Abnormalities:

Glucose:

The effects on fasting serum glucose levels in the short-term schizophrenia and bipolar

mania trials revealed no clinically relevant mean changes [see also Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]. In

the short-term placebo-controlled schizophrenia trials, the mean increase in fasting glucose levels for

SAPHRIS-treated patients was 3.2 mg/dL compared to a decrease of 1.6 mg/dL for placebo-treated

patients. The proportion of patients with fasting glucose elevations ≥126 mg/dL (at Endpoint), was 7.4%

for SAPHRIS-treated patients versus 6% for placebo-treated patients. In the short-term, placebo-

controlled bipolar mania trials, the mean decreases in fasting glucose levels for both SAPHRIS-treated

and placebo-treated patients were 0.6 mg/dL. The proportion of patients with fasting glucose elevations

≥126 mg/dL (at Endpoint), was 4.9% for SAPHRIS-treated patients versus 2.2% for placebo-treated

patients.

In a 52-week, double-blind, comparator-controlled trial of patients with schizophrenia and

schizoaffective disorder, the mean increase from baseline of fasting glucose was 2.4 mg/dL.

Lipids: The effects on total cholesterol and fasting triglycerides in the short-term schizophrenia

and bipolar mania trials revealed no clinically relevant mean changes. In short-term, placebo-controlled

schizophrenia trials, the mean increase in total cholesterol levels for SAPHRIS-treated patients was 0.4

mg/dL compared to a decrease of 3.6 mg/dL for placebo-treated patients. The proportion of patients with

total cholesterol elevations ≥240 mg/dL (at Endpoint) was 8.3% for SAPHRIS-treated patients versus 7%

for placebo-treated patients. In short-term, placebo-controlled bipolar mania trials, the mean increase in

total cholesterol levels for SAPHRIS-treated patients was 1.1 mg/dL compared to a decrease of 1.5

mg/dL in placebo-treated patients. The proportion of patients with total cholesterol elevations ≥240 mg/dL

(at Endpoint) was 8.7% for SAPHRIS-treated patients versus 8.6% for placebo-treated patients. In short-

term, placebo-controlled schizophrenia trials, the mean increase in triglyceride levels for SAPHRIS-

treated patients was 3.8 mg/dL compared to a decrease of 13.5 mg/dL for placebo-treated patients. The

proportion of patients with elevations in triglycerides ≥200 mg/dL (at Endpoint) was 13.2% for SAPHRIS-

treated patients versus 10.5% for placebo-treated patients. In short-term, placebo-controlled bipolar

mania trials, the mean decrease in triglyceride levels for SAPHRIS-treated patients was 3.5 mg/dL versus

17.9 mg/dL for placebo-treated subjects. The proportion of patients with elevations in triglycerides ≥200

mg/dL (at Endpoint) was 15.2% for SAPHRIS-treated patients versus 11.4% for placebo-treated patients.

In a 52-week, double-blind, comparator-controlled trial of patients with schizophrenia and

schizoaffective disorder, the mean decrease from baseline of total cholesterol was 6 mg/dL and the mean

decrease from baseline of fasting triglycerides was 9.8 mg/dL.

Transaminases:

Transient elevations in serum transaminases (primarily ALT) in the short-term

schizophrenia and bipolar mania trials were more common in treated patients but mean changes were not

clinically relevant. In short-term, placebo-controlled schizophrenia trials, the mean increase in

transaminase levels for SAPHRIS-treated patients was 1.6 units/L compared to a decrease of 0.4 units/L

for placebo-treated patients. The proportion of patients with transaminase elevations ≥3 times ULN

Endpoint) was 0.9% for SAPHRIS-treated patients versus 1.3% for placebo-treated patients. In short-

term, placebo-controlled bipolar mania trials, the mean increase in transaminase levels for SAPHRIS-

treated patients was 8.9 units/L compared to a decrease of 4.9 units/L in placebo-treated patients. The

proportion of patients with transaminase elevations ≥3 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

(at Endpoint)

was 2.5% for SAPHRIS-treated patients versus 0.6% for placebo-treated patients. No cases of more

severe liver injury were seen.

In a 52-week, double-blind, comparator-controlled trial of patients with schizophrenia and

schizoaffective disorder, the mean increase from baseline of ALT was 1.7 units/L.

Prolactin: The effects on prolactin levels in the short-term schizophrenia and bipolar mania trials

revealed no clinically relevant mean changes in baseline. In short-term, placebo-controlled schizophrenia

trials, the mean decreases in prolactin levels were 6.5 ng/mL for SAPHRIS-treated patients compared to

10.7 ng/mL for placebo-treated patients. The proportion of patients with prolactin elevations ≥4 times ULN

(at Endpoint) were 2.6% for SAPHRIS-treated patients versus 0.6% for placebo-treated patients. In short-

term, placebo-controlled bipolar mania trials, the mean increase in prolactin levels was 4.9 ng/mL for

SAPHRIS-treated patients compared to a decrease of 0.2 ng/mL for placebo-treated patients. The

proportion of patients with prolactin elevations ≥4 times ULN (at Endpoint) were 2.3% for SAPHRIS-

treated patients versus 0.7% for placebo-treated patients.

In a long-term (52-week), double-blind, comparator-controlled trial of patients with schizophrenia

and schizoaffective disorder, the mean decrease in prolactin from baseline for SAPHRIS-treated patients

was 26.9 ng/mL.

Creatine Kinase (CK):

The proportion of patients with CK elevations >3 times ULN at any time

were 6.4% and 11.1% for patients treated with SAPHRIS 5 mg bid and 10 mg bid, respectively, as

compared to 6.7% for placebo-treated patients in short-term, fixed-dose trials in schizophrenia and bipolar

mania. The clinical relevance of this finding is unknown.

Other Adverse Reactions Observed During the Premarketing Evaluation of SAPHRIS:

Following is a list of MedDRA terms that reflect adverse reactions reported by patients treated with

sublingual SAPHRIS at multiple doses of

5 mg twice daily during any phase of a trial within the database

of adult patients. The reactions listed are those that could be of clinical importance, as well as reactions

that are plausibly drug-related on pharmacologic or other grounds. Reactions already listed in other parts

of Adverse Reactions (6), or those considered in Warnings and Precautions (5) or Overdosage (10) are

not included. Although the reactions reported occurred during treatment with SAPHRIS, they were not

necessarily caused by it. Reactions are further categorized by MedDRA system organ class and listed in

order of decreasing frequency according to the following definitions: those occurring in at least 1/100

patients (only those not already listed in the tabulated results from placebo-controlled trials appear in this

listing); those occurring in 1/100 to 1/1000 patients; and those occurring in fewer than 1/1000 patients.

Blood and lymphatic disorders:

<1/1000 patients: thrombocytopenia; ≥1/1000 patients and <1/100

patients: anemia

Cardiac disorders:

≥1/1000 patients and <1/100 patients: tachycardia, temporary bundle branch

block

Eye disorders: ≥1/1000 patients and <1/100 patients: accommodation disorder

Gastrointestinal disorders: ≥1/1000 patients and <1/100 patients: oral paraesthesia, glossodynia,

swollen tongue

General disorders: <1/1000 patients: idiosyncratic drug reaction

Investigations: ≥1/1000 patients and <1/100 patients: hyponatremia

Nervous system disorders: ≥1/1000 patients and <1/100 patients: dysarthria

7

DRUG INTERACTIONS

The risks of using SAPHRIS in combination with other drugs have not been extensively evaluated.

Given the primary CNS effects of SAPHRIS, caution should be used when it is taken in combination with

other centrally-acting drugs or alcohol.

Because of its α1-adrenergic antagonism with potential for inducing hypotension, SAPHRIS

enhance the effects of certain antihypertensive agents.

7.1

Potential for Other Drugs to Affect SAPHRIS

Asenapine is cleared primarily through direct glucuronidation by UGT1A4 and oxidative metabolism

by cytochrome P450 isoenzymes (predominantly CYP1A2). The potential effects of inhibitors of several of

these enzyme pathways on asenapine clearance were studied.

TABLE 5: Summary of Effect of Coadministered Drugs on Exposure to Asenapine in Healthy

Volunteers

Dose schedules

Effect on asenapine

pharmacokinetics

Recommendation

Coadministered drug

(Postulated effect on

CYP450/UGT)

Coadministered

drug

Asenapine

C

max

AUC

0-∞

Fluvoxamine

(CYP1A2 inhibitor)

25 mg twice daily for

8 days

5-mg Single

Dose

+13%

+29%

Coadminister with

caution*

Paroxetine

(CYP2D6 inhibitor)

20 mg once daily for

9 days

5-mg Single

Dose

–13%

–9%

No SAPHRIS dose

adjustment

required [see Drug

Interactions (7.2)]

Imipramine

(CYP1A2/2C19/3A4

inhibitor)

75-mg Single Dose

5-mg Single

Dose

+17%

+10%

No SAPHRIS dose

adjustment

required

Cimetidine

(CYP3A4/2D6/1A2 inhibitor)

800 mg twice daily

for 8 days

5-mg Single

Dose

–13%

No SAPHRIS dose

adjustment

required

Carbamazepine

(CYP3A4 inducer)

400 mg twice daily

for 15 days

5-mg Single

Dose

–16%

–16%

No SAPHRIS dose

adjustment

required

Valproate

(UGT1A4 inhibitor)

500 mg twice daily

for 9 days

5-mg Single

Dose

–1%

No SAPHRIS dose

adjustment

required

*The full therapeutic dose of fluvoxamine would be expected to cause a greater increase in asenapine plasma concentrations. AUC: Area under the

curve.

A population pharmacokinetic analysis indicated that the concomitant administration of lithium had

no effect on the pharmacokinetics of asenapine.

7.2

Potential for SAPHRIS to Affect Other Drugs

Coadministration with CYP2D6 Substrates: In vitro studies indicate that asenapine weakly

inhibits CYP2D6.

Following coadministration of dextromethorphan and SAPHRIS in healthy subjects, the ratio of

dextrorphan/dextromethorphan (DX/DM) as a marker of CYP2D6 activity was measured. Indicative of

CYP2D6 inhibition, treatment with SAPHRIS 5 mg twice daily decreased the DX/DM ratio to 0.43. In the

same study, treatment with paroxetine 20 mg daily decreased the DX/DM ratio to 0.032. In a separate

study, coadministration of a single 75-mg dose of imipramine with a single 5-mg dose of SAPHRIS did not

affect the plasma concentrations of the metabolite desipramine (a CYP2D6 substrate). Thus, in vivo,

SAPHRIS appears to be at most a weak inhibitor of CYP2D6. Coadministration of a single 20-mg dose of

paroxetine (a CYP2D6 substrate and inhibitor) during treatment with 5 mg SAPHRIS twice daily in 15

healthy male subjects resulted in an almost 2-fold increase in paroxetine exposure. Asenapine may

enhance the inhibitory effects of paroxetine on its own metabolism.

SAPHRIS should be coadministered cautiously with drugs that are both substrates and inhibitors for

CYP2D6.

Valproic acid and lithium pre-dose serum concentrations collected from an adjunctive therapy

study were comparable between asenapine treated patients and placebo treated patients indicating a lack

of effect of asenapine on valproic and lithium plasma levels.

8

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category C: There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of SAPHRIS in

pregnant women.

In animal studies, asenapine increased post-implantation loss and decreased pup weight and

survival at doses similar to or less than recommended clinical doses. In these studies there was no

increase in the incidence of structural abnormalities caused by asenapine.

Asenapine was not teratogenic in reproduction studies in rats and rabbits at intravenous doses up

to 1.5 mg/kg in rats and 0.44 mg/kg in rabbits. These doses are 0.7 and 0.4 times, respectively, the

maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) of 10 mg twice daily given sublingually on a mg/m2 basis.

Plasma levels of asenapine were measured in the rabbit study, and the area under the curve (AUC) at the

highest dose tested was 2 times that in humans receiving the MRHD.

In a study in which rats were treated from day 6 of gestation through day 21 postpartum with

intravenous doses of asenapine of 0.3, 0.9, and 1.5 mg/kg/day (0.15, 0.4, and 0.7 times the MRHD of 10

mg twice daily given sublingually on a mg/m2 basis), increases in post-implantation loss and early pup

deaths were seen at all doses, and decreases in subsequent pup survival and weight gain were seen at

the two higher doses. A cross-fostering study indicated that the decreases in pup survival were largely

due to prenatal drug effects. Increases in post-implantation loss and decreases in pup weight and survival

were also seen when pregnant rats were dosed orally with asenapine.

Non-teratogenic Effects

Neonates exposed to antipsychotic drugs during the third trimester of pregnancy are at risk for

extrapyramidal and/or withdrawal symptoms following delivery. There have been reports of agitation,

hypertonia, hypotonia, tremor, somnolence, respiratory distress and feeding disorder in these neonates.

These complications have varied in severity; while in some cases symptoms have been self-limited, in

other cases neonates have required intensive care unit support and prolonged hospitalization. SAPHRIS

(asenapine) should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the

fetus.

8.2

Labor and Delivery

The effect of SAPHRIS on labor and delivery in humans is unknown.

8.3

Nursing Mothers

Asenapine is excreted in milk of rats during lactation. It is not known whether asenapine or its

metabolites are excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should

be exercised when SAPHRIS is administered to a nursing woman. It is recommended that women

receiving SAPHRIS should not breast feed.

8.4

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.

8.5

Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of SAPHRIS in the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar mania did not include

sufficient numbers of patients aged 65 and over to determine whether or not they respond differently than

younger patients. Of the approximately 2250 patients in pre-marketing clinical studies of SAPHRIS, 1.1%

(25) were 65 years of age or over. Multiple factors that might increase the pharmacodynamic response to

SAPHRIS, causing poorer tolerance or orthostasis,

could be present in elderly patients, and these

patients should be monitored carefully.

Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with SAPHRIS are at an increased risk of

death compared to placebo. SAPHRIS is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related

psychosis and is not recommended for use in this particular group of patients [see Boxed Warning].

8.6

Renal Impairment

The exposure of asenapine following a single dose of 5 mg was similar among subjects with

varying degrees of renal impairment and subjects with normal renal function [see Clinical Pharmacology

(12.3)].

8.7

Hepatic Impairment

In subjects with severe hepatic impairment who were treated with a single dose of SAPHRIS 5 mg,

asenapine exposures (on average), were 7-fold higher than the exposures observed in subjects with

normal hepatic function. Thus, SAPHRIS is not recommended in patients with severe hepatic impairment

(Child-Pugh C) [see Dosage and Administration (2.4) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

9

DRUG ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE

9.1

Controlled Substance

SAPHRIS is not a controlled substance.

9.2

Abuse

SAPHRIS has not been systematically studied in animals or humans for its abuse potential or its

ability to induce tolerance or physical dependence. Thus, it is not possible to predict the extent to which a

CNS-active drug will be misused, diverted and/or abused once it is marketed. Patients should be

evaluated carefully for a history of drug abuse, and such patients should be observed carefully for signs

that they are misusing or abusing SAPHRIS (e.g., drug-seeking behavior, increases in dose).

10

OVERDOSAGE

Human Experience: In pre-marketing clinical studies involving more than 3350 patients and/or

healthy subjects, accidental or intentional acute overdosage of SAPHRIS was identified in 3 patients.

Among these few reported cases of overdose, the highest estimated ingestion of SAPHRIS was 400 mg.

Reported adverse reactions at the highest dosage included agitation and confusion.

Management of Overdosage: There is no specific antidote to SAPHRIS. The possibility of multiple

drug involvement should be considered. An electrocardiogram should be obtained and management of

overdose should concentrate on supportive therapy, maintaining an adequate airway, oxygenation and

ventilation, and management of symptoms.

Hypotension and circulatory collapse should be treated with appropriate measures, such as

intravenous fluids and/or sympathomimetic agents (epinephrine and dopamine should not be used, since

beta stimulation may worsen hypotension in the setting of SAPHRIS-induced alpha blockade). In case of

severe extrapyramidal symptoms, anticholinergic medication should be administered. Close medical

supervision and monitoring should continue until the patient recovers.

11

DESCRIPTION

SAPHRIS is a psychotropic agent that is available for sublingual administration. Asenapine belongs

to the class dibenzo-oxepino pyrroles. The chemical designation is (3aRS,12bRS)-5-Chloro-2-methyl-

2,3,3a,12b-tetrahydro-1Hdibenzo[2,3:6,7]oxepino[4,5-c]pyrrole (2Z)-2-butenedioate (1:1). Its molecular

formula is C

ClNO

and its molecular weight is 401.84 (free base: 285.8). The chemical

structure is:

Asenapine is a white to off-white powder.

SAPHRIS is supplied for sublingual administration in tablets containing 5-mg or 10-mg asenapine;

inactive ingredients include gelatin and mannitol.

12

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1

Mechanism of Action

The mechanism of action of asenapine, as with other drugs having efficacy in schizophrenia and

bipolar disorder, is unknown. It has been suggested that the efficacy of asenapine in schizophrenia is

mediated through a combination of antagonist activity at D

and 5-HT

receptors.

12.2

Pharmacodynamics

Asenapine exhibits high affinity for serotonin 5-HT

, 5-HT

, 5-HT

, 5-HT

, 5-HT

, 5-HT

, 5-HT

and 5-HT

receptors (Ki values of 2.5, 4.0, 0.06, 0.16, 0.03, 1.6, 0.25, and 0.13 nM), dopamine D

and D

receptors (Ki values of 1.3, 0.42, 1.1, and 1.4 nM), α

and α

-adrenergic receptors (Ki values of

1.2 and 1.2 nM), and histamine H

receptors (Ki value 1.0 nM), and moderate affinity for H

receptors (Ki

value of 6.2 nM). In in vitro assays asenapine acts as an antagonist at these receptors. Asenapine has no

appreciable affinity for muscarinic cholinergic receptors (e.g., Ki value of 8128 nM for M

12.3

Pharmacokinetics

Following a single 5-mg dose of SAPHRIS, the mean C

was approximately 4 ng/mL and was

observed at a mean t

of 1 hour. Elimination of asenapine is primarily through direct glucuronidation by

UGT1A4 and oxidative metabolism by cytochrome P450 isoenzymes (predominantly CYP1A2). Following

an initial more rapid distribution phase, the mean terminal half-life is approximately 24 hrs. With multiple-

dose twice-daily dosing, steady-state is attained within 3 days. Overall, steady-state asenapine

pharmacokinetics are similar to single-dose pharmacokinetics.

Absorption: Following sublingual administration, asenapine is rapidly absorbed with peak plasma

concentrations occurring within 0.5 to 1.5 hours. The absolute bioavailability of sublingual asenapine at 5

mg is 35%. Increasing the dose from 5 mg to 10 mg twice daily (a two-fold increase) results in less than

linear (1.7 times) increases in both the extent of exposure and maximum concentration. The absolute

bioavailability of asenapine when swallowed is low (<2% with an oral tablet formulation).

The intake of water several (2 or 5) minutes after asenapine administration resulted in decreased

asenapine exposure. Therefore, eating and drinking should be avoided for 10 minutes after administration

[see Dosage and Administration (2.1)].

Distribution: Asenapine is rapidly distributed and has a large volume of distribution (approximately

20 - 25 L/kg), indicating extensive extravascular distribution. Asenapine is highly bound (95%) to plasma

proteins, including albumin and

1-acid glycoprotein.

Metabolism and Elimination: Direct glucuronidation by UGT1A4 and oxidative metabolism by

cytochrome P450 isoenzymes (predominantly CYP1A2) are the primary metabolic pathways for

asenapine.

Asenapine is a high clearance drug with a clearance after intravenous administration of 52 L/h. In

this circumstance, hepatic clearance is influenced primarily by changes in liver blood flow rather than by

changes in the intrinsic clearance, i.e., the metabolizing enzymatic activity. Following an initial more rapid

distribution phase, the terminal half life of asenapine is approximately 24 hours. Steady-state

concentrations of asenapine are reached within 3 days of twice daily dosing.

After administration of a single dose of [

C]-labeled asenapine, about 90% of the dose was

recovered; approximately 50% was recovered in urine, and 40% recovered in feces. About 50% of the

circulating species in plasma have been identified. The predominant species was asenapine N

glucuronide; others included N-desmethylasenapine, N-desmethylasenapine N-carbamoyl glucuronide,

and unchanged asenapine in smaller amounts. SAPHRIS activity is primarily due to the parent drug.

In vitro studies indicate that asenapine is a substrate for UGT1A4, CYP1A2 and to a lesser extent

CYP3A4 and CYP2D6. Asenapine is a weak inhibitor of CYP2D6. Asenapine does not cause induction of

CYP1A2 or CYP3A4 activities in cultured human hepatocytes. Coadministration of asenapine with known

inhibitors, inducers or substrates of these metabolic pathways has been studied in a number of drug-drug

interaction studies [see Drug Interactions (7)].

Smoking: A population pharmacokinetic analysis indicated that smoking, which induces CYP1A2,

had no effect on the clearance of asenapine in smokers. In a crossover study in which 24 healthy male

subjects (who were smokers) were administered a single 5-mg sublingual dose, concomitant smoking had

no effect on the pharmacokinetics of asenapine.

Food: A crossover study in 26 healthy male subjects was performed to evaluate the effect of food

on the pharmacokinetics of a single 5-mg dose of asenapine. Consumption of food immediately prior to

sublingual administration decreased asenapine exposure by 20%; consumption of food 4 hours after

sublingual administration decreased asenapine exposure by about 10%. These effects are probably due

to increased hepatic blood flow.

In clinical trials establishing the efficacy and safety of SAPHRIS, patients were instructed to avoid

eating for 10 minutes following sublingual dosing. There were no other restrictions with regard to the

timing of meals in these trials [see Dosage and Administration (2.1) and Patient Counseling Information

(17.1)].

Water: In clinical trials establishing the efficacy and safety of SAPHRIS, patients were instructed to

avoid drinking for 10 minutes following sublingual dosing. The effect of water administration following 10-

mg sublingual SAPHRIS dosing was studied at different time points of 2, 5, 10, and 30 minutes in 15

healthy male subjects. The exposure of asenapine following administration of water 10 minutes after

sublingual dosing was equivalent to that when water was administered 30 minutes after dosing. Reduced

exposure to asenapine was observed following water administration at 2 minutes (19% decrease) and 5

minutes (10% decrease) [see Dosage and Administration (2.1) and Patient Counseling Information

(17.1)].

Special Populations:

Hepatic Impairment:

The effect of decreased hepatic function on the pharmacokinetics of

asenapine, administered as a single 5-mg sublingual dose, was studied in 30 subjects (8 each in those

with normal hepatic function and Child-Pugh A and B groups, and 6 in the Child-Pugh C group). In

subjects with mild or moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh A or B), asenapine exposure was 12%

higher than that in subjects with normal hepatic function, indicating that dosage adjustment is not required

for these subjects. In subjects with severe hepatic impairment, asenapine exposures were on average 7

times higher than the exposures of those in subjects with normal hepatic function. Thus, SAPHRIS is not

recommended in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh C) [see Dosage in Specific

Populations (2.4) and Use in Specific Populations (8.7) and Warnings and Precautions (5.14)].

Renal Impairment: The effect of decreased renal function on the pharmacokinetics of asenapine

was studied in subjects with mildly (creatinine clearance (CrCl) 51 to 80 mL/min; N=8), moderately (CrCl

30 to 50 mL/min; N=8), and severely (CrCl less than 30 mL/min but not on dialysis; N=8) impaired renal

function and compared to normal subjects (CrCl greater than 80 mL/min; N=8). The exposure of

asenapine following a single dose of 5 mg was similar among subjects with varying degrees of renal

impairment and subjects with normal renal function. Dosage adjustment based upon degree of renal

impairment is not required. The effect of renal function on the excretion of other metabolites and the effect

of dialysis on the pharmacokinetics of asenapine has not been studied [see Use in Specific Populations

(8.6)].

Geriatric Patients:

In elderly patients with psychosis (65-85 years of age), asenapine concentrations

were on average 30 to 40% higher compared to younger adults. When the range of exposures in the

elderly was examined, the highest exposure for asenapine was up to 2-fold higher than the highest

exposure in younger subjects. In a population pharmacokinetic analysis, a decrease in clearance with

increasing age was observed, implying a 30% higher exposure in elderly as compared to adult patients

[see Use in Specific Populations (8.5)].

Gender:

The potential difference in asenapine pharmacokinetics between males and females was

not studied in a dedicated trial. In a population pharmacokinetic analysis, no significant differences

between genders were observed.

Race: In a population pharmacokinetic analysis, no effect of race on asenapine concentrations was

observed. In a dedicated study, the pharmacokinetics of SAPHRIS were similar in Caucasian and

Japanese subjects.

13

NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenesis: In a lifetime carcinogenicity study in CD-1 mice asenapine was administered

subcutaneously at doses up to those resulting in plasma levels (AUC) estimated to be 5 times those in

humans receiving the MRHD of 10 mg twice daily. The incidence of malignant lymphomas was increased

in female mice, with a no-effect dose resulting in plasma levels estimated to be 1.5 times those in humans

receiving the MRHD. The mouse strain used has a high and variable incidence of malignant lymphomas,

and the significance of these results to humans is unknown. There were no increases in other tumor

types in female mice. In male mice, there were no increases in any tumor type.

In a lifetime carcinogenicity study in Sprague-Dawley rats, asenapine did not cause any increases

in tumors when administered subcutaneously at doses up to those resulting in plasma levels (AUC)

estimated to be 5 times those in humans receiving the MRHD.

Mutagenesis: No evidence for genotoxic potential of asenapine was found in the in vitro bacterial

reverse mutation assay, the in vitro forward gene mutation assay in mouse lymphoma cells, the in vitro

chromosomal aberration assays in human lymphocytes, the in vitro sister chromatid exchange assay in

rabbit lymphocytes, or the in vivo micronucleus assay in rats.

Impairment of Fertility: Asenapine did not impair fertility in rats when tested at doses up to 11

mg/kg twice daily given orally. This dose is 10 times the maximum recommended human dose of 10 mg

twice daily given sublingually on a mg/m

basis.

14

CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1

Schizophrenia

The efficacy of SAPHRIS in the treatment of schizophrenia in adults was evaluated in three fixed-

dose, short-term (6 week), randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, and active-controlled

(haloperidol, risperidone, and olanzapine) trials of adult patients who met DSM-IV criteria for

schizophrenia and were having an acute exacerbation of their schizophrenic illness. In two of the three

trials SAPHRIS demonstrated superior efficacy to placebo. In a third trial, SAPHRIS could not be

distinguished from placebo; however, an active control in that trial was superior to placebo.

In the two positive trials for SAPHRIS, the primary efficacy rating scale was the Positive and

Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), which assesses the symptoms of schizophrenia. The primary

endpoint was change from baseline to endpoint on the PANSS total score. The results of the SAPHRIS

trials in schizophrenia follow:

In trial 1, a 6-week trial (n=174), comparing SAPHRIS (5 mg twice daily) to placebo, SAPHRIS 5

mg twice daily was statistically superior to placebo on the PANSS total score.

In trial 2, a 6-week trial (n=448), comparing two fixed doses of SAPHRIS (5 mg and 10 mg twice

daily) to placebo, SAPHRIS 5 mg twice daily was statistically superior to placebo on the PANSS total

score. SAPHRIS 10 mg twice daily showed no added benefit compared to 5 mg twice daily and was not

significantly different from placebo.

An examination of population subgroups did not reveal any clear evidence of differential

responsiveness on the basis of age, gender or race.

Maintenance of efficacy has been demonstrated in a placebo-controlled, double-blind, multicenter,

flexible dose (5 mg or 10 mg twice daily based on tolerability) clinical trial with a randomized withdrawal

design. A total of 700 patients entered open-label treatment with SAPHRIS for a period of 26 weeks. Of

these, a total of 386 patients who met pre-specified criteria for continued stability (mean length of

stabilization was 22 weeks) were randomized to a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized

withdrawal phase. SAPHRIS was statistically superior to placebo in time to relapse or impending relapse

defined as increase in PANSS ≥20% from baseline and a Clinical Global Impression–Severity of Illness

(CGI-S) score ≥4 (at least 2 days within 1 week) or PANSS score ≥5 on “hostility” or “uncooperativeness”

items and CGI-S score >4 (>2 days within a week), or PANSS score ≥5 on any two of the following items:

“unusual thought content,” “conceptual disorganization,” or “hallucinatory behavior” items, and CGI-S

score ≥4 (≥2 days within 1 week) or investigator judgment of worsening symptoms or increased risk of

violence to self (including suicide) or other persons. The Kaplan-Meier curves of the time to relapse or

impending relapse during the double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized withdrawal phase of this trial

for SAPHRIS and placebo are shown in Figure 1.

Placebo

Asenapine

Figure 1: Kaplan-Meier Estimation of Percent Relapse/Impending Relapse for SAPHRIS and placebo

Time(days) represents the number of days from randomization to the first date of achieving relapse/impending relapse status.

The product limit estimators are based on the Kaplan-Meier distribution with censoring at last double-blind dose date.

Percent

Time (days)

14.2

Bipolar Disorder

Monotherapy:The efficacy of SAPHRIS in the treatment of acute mania was established in two

similarly designed 3-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, and active-controlled

(olanzapine) trials of adult patients who met DSM-IV criteria for Bipolar I Disorder with an acute manic or

mixed episode with or without psychotic features.

The primary rating instrument used for assessing manic symptoms in these trials was the Young

Mania Rating Scale (YMRS). Patients were also assessed on the Clinical Global Impression – Bipolar

(CGI-BP) scale. In both trials, all patients randomized to SAPHRIS were initially administered 10 mg twice

daily, and the dose could be adjusted within the dose range of 5 to 10 mg twice daily from Day 2 onward

based on efficacy and tolerability. Ninety percent of patients remained on the 10-mg twice daily dose.

SAPHRIS was statistically superior to placebo on the YMRS total score and the CGI-BP Severity of

Illness score (mania) in both studies.

An examination of subgroups did not reveal any clear evidence of differential responsiveness on

the basis of age, gender or race.

Adjunctive Therapy: The efficacy of SAPHRIS as an adjunctive therapy in acute mania was

established in a 12-week, placebo-controlled trial with a 3-week primary efficacy endpoint involving 326

patients with a manic or mixed episode of Bipolar I Disorder, with or without psychotic features, who were

partially responsive to lithium or valproate monotherapy after at least 2 weeks of treatment. SAPHRIS

was statistically superior to placebo in the reduction of manic symptoms (measured by the YMRS total

score) as an adjunctive therapy to lithium or valproate monotherapy at week 3.

16

HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

SAPHRIS (asenapine) sublingual tablets are supplied as:

5-mg Tablets

Round, white to off-white sublingual tablets, with “5” on one side.

Packs of 20, 60, 100.

10-mg Tablets

Round, white to off-white sublingual tablets, with “10” on one side.

Packs of 20, 60, 100.

Storage

Store at 15

-30

C.

17

PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

17.1

Tablet Administration

IMPORTANT:

Do not remove tablet until ready to administer.

Use dry hands when handling tablet.

Step 1. Firmly press and hold thumb button, then pull out tablet pack.

Do not push tablet through tablet pack.

Do not cut or tear tablet pack.

Step 2. Peel back colored tab.

Step 3. Gently remove tablet.

Do not crush tablet.

Step 4. Place tablet under tongue and allow it to dissolve completely.

Do not chew or swallow tablet.

Do not eat or drink for 10 minutes.

Step 5. Slide tablet pack into case until it clicks.

[see Drug Interactions (7) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

17.2

Increased Mortality in Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis

Patients and caregivers should be advised that elderly patients with dementia-related psychoses

treated with atypical antipsychotic drugs are at increased risk of death compared with placebo. SAPHRIS

is not approved for elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis [see Warnings and Precautions

(5.1)].

17.3

Hypersensitivity Reactions

Patients should be informed of the signs and symptoms of a serious allergic reaction (e.g., difficulty

breathing, itching, swelling of the face, tongue or throat, feeling lightheaded etc.). Patients should be

instructed to seek immediate emergency assistance if they develop any of these signs and symptoms

[see Warnings and Precautions (5.7) and Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

17.4

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

Patients and caregivers should be counseled that a potentially fatal symptom complex sometimes

referred to as Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS) has been reported in association with

administration of antipsychotic drugs. Signs and symptoms of NMS include hyperpyrexia, muscle rigidity,

altered mental status, and evidence of autonomic instability (irregular pulse or blood pressure,

tachycardia, diaphoresis, and cardiac dysrhythmia) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

17.5

Hyperglycemia and Diabetes Mellitus

Patients should be aware of the symptoms of hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) and diabetes

mellitus. Patients who are diagnosed with diabetes, those with risk factors for diabetes, or those that

develop these symptoms during treatment should have their blood glucose monitored at the beginning of

and periodically during treatment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

17.6

Weight Gain

Patients should be advised that they may experience weight gain. Patients should have their

weight monitored regularly [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)].

17.7

Orthostatic Hypotension

Patients should be advised of the risk of orthostatic hypotension (symptoms include feeling dizzy

or lightheaded upon standing) especially early in treatment, and also at times of re-initiating treatment or

increases in dose [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)].

17.8

Leukopenia/Neutropenia

Patients with a pre-existing low WBC or a history of drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia should

be advised that they should have their CBC monitored while taking SAPHRIS [see Warnings and

Precautions (5.9)].

17.9

Interference with Cognitive and Motor Performance

Patients should be cautioned about performing activities requiring mental alertness, such as

operating hazardous machinery or operating a motor vehicle, until they are reasonably certain that

SAPHRIS therapy does not affect them adversely [see Warnings and Precautions (5.13)].

17.10 Heat Exposure and Dehydration

Patients should be advised regarding appropriate care in avoiding overheating and dehydration

[see Warnings and Precautions (5.14)].

17.11 Concomitant Medication and Alcohol

Patients should be advised to inform their physicians if they are taking, or plan to take, any

prescription or over-the-counter medications since there is a potential for interactions. Patients should be

advised to avoid alcohol while taking SAPHRIS [see Drug Interactions (7)].

17.12 Pregnancy and Nursing

Patients should be advised to notify their physician if they become pregnant or intend to become

pregnant during therapy with SAPHRIS. Patients should be advised not to breast feed if they are taking

SAPHRIS [see Use in Special Populations (8.1, 8.3)].

18 DRUG REGISTRATION NUMBERS:

SAPHRIS 5 mg 146 04 33228 00

SAPHRIS 10 mg 146 05 33229 00

19 MANUFACTURER: Organon (Ireland) Ltd., Swords, Dublin, Ireland.

LICENSE HOLDER: Merck Sharp & Dohme (Israel-1996) Company Ltd.,P.O.Box 7121

Petah-Tikva 49170.

MARKETED BY: Lundbeck Israel Ltd., 4 Derech Hashalom St. Tel-Aviv.

The format of this leaflet was determined by the Ministry of Health and its content was

checked and approved in November 2011.

העדוה העדוה

לע לע

הרמחה הרמחה

(

(

עדימ עדימ

)תוחיטב )תוחיטב ךיראת

9 .10.2011

םש

רישכת

תילגנאב

S aphris 5mg, 10 mg sublingual tablets

רפסמ

םושיר

146.04.33228.00

,

146.05.33229.00

םש

לעב

םושירה

Schering Plough Israel A.G

.

םייונישה

ןולעב

םינמוסמ

עקרב

בוהצ ןולע אפורל

םיטרפ

לע

םי/יונישה

םי/שקובמה קרפ

ןולעב טסקט יחכונ טסקט

שדח

Contraindications

Hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis and

angioedema, have been observed in patients treated with

asenapine. Therefore, SAPHRIS

is contraindicated in patients

with a known hypersensitivity to the product [see Warnings

and Precautions (5.7), Adverse Reactions (6.1) and Patient

Counseling Information (17.3)]

Warnings and

precautions

Hypersensitivity Reactions

Hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis and

angioedema, have been observed in patients treated with

asenapine. In several cases, these reactions occurred after

the first dose. These hypersensitivity reactions included:

anaphylaxis, angioedema, hypotension, tachycardia, swollen

tongue, dyspnea, wheezing and rash

Adverse reactions

Hypersensitivity Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions

(5.7) and Patient Counseling Information]

Patient

counseling

information

Hypersensitivity Reactions

Patients should be informed of the signs and symptoms of a

serious allergic reaction (e.g., difficulty breathing, itching,

swelling of the face, tongue or throat, feeling lightheaded etc.).

Patients should be instructed to seek immediate emergency

assistance if they develop any of these signs and symptoms

[see Warnings and Precautions (5.7) and Adverse Reactions

(6.1)].

ןולע

ןכרצל

םיטרפ

לע

םי/יונישה

םי/שקובמה קרפ

ןולעב טסקט

יחכונ טסקט

שדח תועפות

יאוול תושרודה תוסחייתה תדחוימ תובוגת

תויגרלא

תורומח

םינמיס( םינימסתו

לש

הבוגת

תיגרלא הרומח

םייושע

לולכל

יישק

,המישנ תוחיפנ ,דרג ,החירפ

לש

,םינפה ןושלה ,םייתפשה

וא

,ןורגה תשגרה

רורחס

י/הנפ .)'וכו

דימ לופיטל

יאופר

םא

ךניה

ת/חתפמ דחא

םינמיסהמ

םינימסתהו

.וללה

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