United Kingdom - English - MHRA (Medicines & Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency)
Osvaren 435 mg / 235 mg film-coated tablets
Summary of Product Characteristics Updated 06-Jun-2011 | Vifor Fresenius Medical Care Renal Pharma
1. Name of the medicinal product
Osvaren 435 mg / 235 mg film-coated tablets
2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
Each film-coated tablet contains:
Calcium acetate, 435 mg equivalent to 110 mg calcium and Magnesium carbonate, heavy 235 mg
equivalent to 60 mg magnesium
Excipients: Each film-coated tablet contains max. 5.6 mg sodium and 50 mg sucrose.
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1
3. Pharmaceutical form
White to yellowish, oblong film-coated tablet with a single score line.
The score line is only to facilitate breaking for ease of swallowing and not to divide into equal doses.
4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications
Treatment of hyperphosphatemia associated with chronic renal insufficiency in patients undergoing
dialysis (haemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis).
4.2 Posology and method of administration
3 to 10 film-coated tablets per day, depending on the serum phosphate level. The daily dose should be
subdivided according to the number of meals taken over the day (usually three a day).
The recommended starting dose is three tablets daily.
If necessary, the dosage may be raised to maximally 12 film-coated tablets per day.
To achieve the maximum phosphate binding effect, Osvaren should be taken only together with the meal
and should not be crushed or chewed.
For easy swallowing, the tablets should be taken together with some liquid.
In case the tablets are too large to be swallowed by the patient, the tablets should be broken along the
score line immediately before swallowing in order to avoid the development of taste of acetic acid.
Because the rate and/or extent of absorption of other oral medicinal products may vary when used
concurrently with OsvaRen no other oral medicinal products should be taken within the period 2 hours
before and 3 hours after administration of OsvaRen (see section 4.5).
In case of a missed dose, it should be with the next dose (no additional make up for the missed dose).
OsvaRen can be applied long-term.
Use in children and adolescents:
There is no sufficient information for the use of Osvaren in these patient groups. Therefore, the
administration of OsvaRen is not recommended in children and adolescents below 18 years of age (see
Osvaren is contraindicated in patients with:
- Hypercalcaemia with or without clinical symptoms, e.g. as a result of an overdose of vitamin D, a
paraneoplastic syndrome (bronchial carcinoma, breast cancer, renal cell carcinoma, plasmacytoma), bone
metastases, sarcoidosis or immobilisation osteoporosis
- Elevated serum magnesium levels of more than 2 mmol/l, and/or symptoms of hypermagnesaemia
- AV-block III°
- Myasthenia gravis
- Hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients
4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
The use of phosphate binders should be preceded by a dietary consultation with the patient concerning
phosphate uptake, and may depend on the kind of dialysis treatment the patient is receiving.
Osvaren should only be administered with caution (only with continuous monitoring of serum calcium,
magnesium and phosphate) in case of severe hyperphosphataemia with a calcium-phosphate-product of
more than 5.3 mmol2/l2 if
refractory to therapy,
clinical relevant bradycardia or AV-block II° with bradycardia
Continuous monitoring of serum phosphate, serum magnesium, serum calcium and the calcium-
phosphate-product should be performed, even more so in case of simultaneous intake vitamin D
preparations and thiazide diuretics.
High doses and long-term administration of this medicine may result in hypermagnesaemia.
Hypermagnesaemia is mostly asymptomatic, but in some cases systemic effects may be seen.
If patients with a chronic renal insufficiency receive this medicine they may develop hypercalcaemic
episodes, especially in combination with the administration of metabolites of vitamin D.
Patients should be warned of the possible symptoms of hypercalcaemia.
For symptoms and management of hypermagnesaemia and hypercalcaemia please see section 4.9.
During a long-term therapy with this medicine attention must be paid to the progression or the appearance
of vascular and soft tissue calcifications. The risk decreases by lowering the calcium-phosphate-product
to < 4.5 mmol2/l2.
In patients receiving digitalis glycosides, this medicine should only be administered under ECG control
and monitoring of the serum calcium level.
Increased intake of calcium salts may result in the precipitation of fatty acids and bile acid as calcium
soap. This may lead to constipation.
Patients should be advised to seek medicinal medical advice before taking antacids containing calcium or
magnesium salts to avoid adding to the calcium or magnesium load.
In case of diarrhoea the dosage of this medicine should be reduced.
This medicine contains sucrose. Patients with rare hereditary problems of fructose intolerance, glucose-
galactose malabsorption or sucrase-isomaltase insufficiency should not take this medicine
This medicine contains sodium. This has to be taken in consideration by patients on a controlled sodium
Use in children and adolescents:
There is no sufficient information for the use of this medicine in these patient groups. Therefore, the
administration of this medicine is not recommended in children and adolescents below 18 years of age.
4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
To prevent an interaction between Osvaren and other defined medicinal products when taken
concomitantly medicinal products listed in section 4.5 should not be taken within the period 2 hours
before and three hours after administration of OsvaRen (see section 4.2).
OsvaRen affects the absorption of tetracyclines, doxycycline, biphosphonates, fluorides, some quinolones
(gyrase inhibitors) like ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin, some cephalosporins, like cefpodoxime and
cefuroxime, ketoconazole, estramustine-preparations, anticholinergics, zinc, urso- and chenodesoxycholic
acids and halofantrine.
In case of an additional treatment with oral iron preparations, attention has to be paid to the fact that
simultaneous intake of magnesium may influence iron absorption.
Vitamin D and derivatives increase the absorption of calcium. Thiazide diuretics reduce the renal
elimination of calcium. In case of a simultaneous administration of OsvaRen and thiazides or vitamin D
derivatives it is therefore necessary to control the serum calcium level (see section 4.4).
The sensitivity for glycosides and therefore the risk for arrhythmia is increased by elevated serum calcium
levels (see section 4.4). The effect of calcium antagonists may be reduced. The administration of
adrenalin in patients with increased serum calcium levels may lead to severe arrhythmia.
A combination of magnesium carbonate, hydroxide and aluminium hydroxide with levothyroxine may
cause an increased absorption of levothyroxine.
Concurrent use of oestrogens with this medicine may increase calcium absorption.
Magnesium salts may adsorb digoxin in the gastrointestinal tract, decreasing its bioavailability.
Adsorption of nitrofurantoin may occur, decreasing the bioavailability and possibly the anti-infective
effect of this medicinal product. Further, the gastrointestinal absorption of penicillamine may be
decreased, possibly decreasing its pharmacological effects.
4.6 Pregnancy and lactation
For Osvaren, there are no animal and clinical data available. It is not known whether this medicine can
cause foetal defects when it is administered during pregnancy or whether it can affect fertility. Therefore,
this medicine should only be administered to pregnant women if the potential benefits clearly outweigh
Calcium acetate and magnesium carbonate are distributed in breast milk (see section 5.2). Breast-feeding
is not recommended during treatment with this medicine .
4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines
4.8 Undesirable effects
(≥ 1/100 and <1/10)
(≥1/1,000 and <1/100)
(≥1/10,000 and <1/1,000)
(<1/10,000), not known (cannot be estimated from the available data)
Soft stools, gastrointestinal irritation like nausea, anorexia, sensation of fullness, belching and
Metabolism and nutrition disorders:
Hypercalcaemia either asymptomatic or symptomatic, asymptomatic hypermagnesaemia.
Moderate to severe symptomatic hypercalcaemia, symptomatic hypermagnesaemia.
Hyperkalaemia, magnesium-induced osteal mineralisation disturbances.
For symptoms of hypercalcaemia and hypermagnesaemia see section 4.9.
An acute hypermagnesaemia (either asymptomatic or with acute systemic toxicity) suppresses both the
central and the peripheral neural activity by inhibiting acetylcholine release. Systemic toxicity is to be
expected from a serum concentration of 2.5 mmol/l, severe neurotoxic side effects appear from 3 mmol/l
and above. With concentrations of 2.5 5.0 mmol/l gastrointestinal disturbances (nausea, anorexia,
constipation), cystospasm, muscle weakness, lethargy, missing deep-tendon reflexes and disturbed AV-
conduction and ventricular stimulus conduction has been observed. In case of serum magnesium levels of
5 10 mmol/l, arterial hypotension induced by vasodilatation, paralytic ileus, flaccid paralysis and coma
have been observed. At a level of more than 10 mmol/l respiratory arrest and cardiac arrest occur.
Symptoms of hypercalcaemia are initially muscle weakness and gastrointestinal disturbances (abdominal
pain, constipation, nausea and vomiting). Severe hypercalcaemia is characterised by disturbances of
consciousness (e.g. disorientation, stupor, in extreme cases also coma) and lethargy. In patients with a
serum calcium level of more than 3.5 mmol/l a hypercalcaemic crisis is possible with the symptoms of:
- Polyuria, polydipsia
- Nausea, anorexia, constipation, pancreatitis (infrequent)
- Arrhythmia, shortening of the QT-interval, adynamia, hypertension
- Muscle weakness up to pseudo paralysis
- Psychosis, somnolence up to coma
Long-term overdosing may lead to the development of an adynamic osteopathy.
In addition to symptomatic treatment, the therapy of hypermagnesaemia consists in lowering the
magnesium-concentration of the dialysate and in a reduction of the dose of Osvaren.
If serum calcium levels increase to more than 2.5 mmol/l, a dose reduction and/or a decrease of the
dialysate calcium to 1.25 mmol/l should be considered beside the symptomatic treatment. In the event of
a hypercalcaemia (serum calcium > 2.75 mmol/l) the therapy with this medicine should be temporarily
withdrawn. In patients with a serum calcium level of more than 3.5 mmol/l the therapeutic intervention
consists of a haemodialysis treatment with calcium-free dialysate. During the treatment with a calcium-
free dialysate close monitoring of serum calcium concentration is necessary in order to minimise the risk
of hypocalcaemia and adverse cardiovascular reactions.
5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Drugs for the treatment of hyperkalaemia and hyperphosphataemia.
V03AE04 Calcium Acetate and Magnesium Carbonate.
As calcium acetate and magnesium carbonate are phosphate-binding compounds they lead together with
the phosphate contained in food to the formation of low solubility calcium and magnesium phosphate-
salts in the gut, which then will be excreted with the faeces. Calcium acetate reaches its maximal
phosphate-binding capacity at a pH of 6 8. Therefore, Osvaren is also suitable for phosphate binding in
patients with hypo- or anacidity of the stomach.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
Provided that no precipitation to magnesium complexes is caused by dietary phosphate or other nutrients,
the dissolved magnesium ions are bioavailable and are absorbed in the intestine.
The absorption of orally administered magnesium in healthy humans depends on the supply. Experiments
have shown that the rate of absorption in patients who received 1.5 mmol magnesium per day was 65 %,
and in patients who received 40 mmol per day it was only 11 %.
The dissolved calcium ions are bioavailable and can be absorbed via the intestinal route as long as
calcium does not form insoluble calcium complexes with the phosphate contained in food or other
nutrients. Absorption of calcium is governed by hormonal regulatory mechanisms. The ratio of absorption
increases with higher doses and with hypocalcaemic states and decreases with increasing age. Depending
on the vitamin D status and the doses taken, a fractional absorption of 10-35 % can be expected.
Administration of higher doses will only result in a smaller increase of the amount absorbed. The normal
daily intake with food amounts to approx. 1000 mg.
Total body magnesium is about 20 28 g. In healthy adults about 53% of total body magnesium is in
bone, 27% in muscle, 19% in soft tissue and less than 1% extracellular. The majority of intracellular
magnesium is found in bound form.
Total body calcium is about 1,250 g (31 mol) in a person weighting 70 kg, of which 99% is located in
bones and teeth. About 1 g is in the plasma and the extracellular fluid, and 6 to 8 g in the tissues
themselves. Reference values for serum total calcium vary among clinical laboratories, depending on the
methods of measurement, within a normal range of 2.15-2.57 mmol/l. About 40 to 45% of this quantity is
bound to plasma proteins, about 8 to 10% is complexed with ions such as citrate, and 45 to 50% is
dissociated as free ions.
Orally administered magnesium salts are eliminated in the urine (absorbed fraction) and the feaces
(unabsorbed fraction). Small amounts are distributed into breast-milk. Magnesium crosses the placenta.
Under physiologic conditions calcium is excreted in approximately equal amounts in urine and
endogenous intestinal secretion. Parathyroid hormone, vitamin D and thiazide diuretics decrease urinary
excretion of calcium, whereas other diuretics (loop diuretics), calcitonin and growth hormone promote
renal excretion. Urinary calcium excretion decreases in early stages of renal failure. Urinary calcium
excretion increases during pregnancy. Calcium is also excreted by the sweat glands. Calcium crosses the
placenta and is distributed into breast-milk.
5.3 Preclinical safety data
Standard genotoxicity studies have not been performed with Osvaren. Based on available data no
genotoxic or carcinogenic potential have to be assumed.
No reproductive toxicity studies have been performed with this medicine.
6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients
Starch, pregelatinised, from maize
Castor oil, refined
6.3 Shelf life
After first opening of the container: 3 months
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Keep the container tightly closed in order to protect from moisture.
6.5 Nature and contents of container
HDPE container with LDPE cap: Pack size of 180 film-coated tablets.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
No special requirements.
7. Marketing authorisation holder
Fresenius Medical Care Nephrologica Deutschland GmbH
61346 Bad Homburg v.d.H., Germany
8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
10. Date of revision of the text
12 instructions for preparation of radiopharmaceuticals
Company Contact Details
Vifor Fresenius Medical Care Renal Pharma UK Ltd
The Old Stables, Bagshot Park, Bagshot, Surrey, GU19 5PJ, UK
+44 (0)1276 452 341
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+44 (0)1276 853 600
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+44 (0)1276 853 633