Israel - English - Ministry of Health
NUROFEN PLUS Tab 25. 12. 2005, RH
ע עבקנ הז ןולע טמרופ
רשואו קדבנ ונכותו תואירבה דרשמ י
“This leaflet format has been determined by the Ministry of Health and the content thereof has been
checked and approved.”
Each tablet contains:
Codeine phosphate hemihydrate 12.8 mg
(equivalent to codeine 10 mg)
Cellulose, microcrystalline, sodium starch glycollate (
from potato starch
from maize, potato, or rice starch
), hypromellose (hydroxypropylmethyl
cellulose), titanium dioxide (E 171), talc
Ibuprofen is an analgesic which acts peripherally, inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis
and the action of chemical mediators of pain. Codeine is a narcotic analgesic acting
on central opiate receptors, although its pharmacological effects are thought to be
due largely to its biotransformation to morphine.
The combination of a well tolerated peripheral analgesic with a centrally acting
analgesic provides optimum pain relief with a lower potential for producing side-
The elimination half-life of both ibuprofen and codeine is approximately three hours,
and both drugs are given three to fours times daily. The combination of the two
drugs is therefore appropriate from a pharmacokinetic viewpoint; the tablet exhibits
normal release characteristics for both active substances.
For the relief of pain in such conditions as: rheumatic and muscular pain, backache,
neuralgia, migraine, headache, dental pain, dysmenorrhoea, feverishness, symptoms
of colds and influenza.
Known hypersensitivity to the drug or to any ingredient of the preparation.
Patients with a history of, or existing peptic ulceration.
Patients with severe hepatic failure, severe renal failure, severe heart failure.
Previous allergic reaction to any other pain reliever / fever reducer:
nonprescription) , ibuprofen should not be used in patients in whom aspirin or other
(anaphylactoid reactions have occurred in such patients).
Hypersensitivity to codeine, respiratory depression, chronic constipation.
NUROFEN PLUS Tab 25. 12. 2005, RH Page 2 of 6
Long- term use of ibuprofen may increase the risk of heart attack or stroke.
Ibuprofen may cause a severe allergic reaction, especially in people allergic to
This product contains a nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory drug (NSAID), which may
cause stomach bleeding. The chance is higher if the patient is: over 60, has had
stomach ulcers or bleeding problems, takes a blood thinning (anticoagulant) or
steroid drug, takes other drugs containing an NSAID ( aspirin, ibuprofen , naproxen
or others), has 3 or more alcoholic drinks every day while using this product. Longer
duration of use and higher dosages are also risk factors.
Ibuprofen should be administered under close supervision to patients with a history
symptoms develop, the physician should be referred to.
Nurofen Plus tablets should be used with caution in those with hypotension and/ or
hypothyroidism. The tablets should be used with caution in patients with raised
intracranial pressure or head injury.
Use in Pregnancy
Administration of ibuprofen is not recommended during pregnancy.
The onset of labor may be delayed and duration of labor increased, therefore it is
recommended not to use ibuprofen during the last 3 months of pregnancy.
Based on animal studies and limited clinical experience there is no evidence to
suggest foetal abnormalities associated with the use of codeine. However, the
product should be avoided during pregnancy.
Use in Breastfeeding
Ibuprofen appears in breast milk in very low concentrations and is unlikely to affect
the breastfed infant adversely.
Codeine is excreted in breast milk.
Use in Pediatrics
This product is not to be used in children under 12 years of age.
Adverse Reactions Attributed to Ibuprofen
Epigastric pain, heartburn, diarrhea, abdominal distress, nausea and vomiting,
indigestion, constipation, abdominal cramps or pain, fullness of gastrointestinal tract,
dyspepsia, gastrointestinal bleeding, peptic ulceration,.
Central Nervous System
Dizziness, severe headache, nervousness, convulsions, pain in the spinal column.
Rash (including maculopapular type), pruritus, photosensitivity, skin peeling.
Rarely exfoliative dermatitis and epidermal necrolysis have been reported with
NUROFEN PLUS Tab 25. 12. 2005, RH Page 3 of 6
thrombocytopenia, decreased hemoglobin and hematocrit.
Bronchospasm may be precipitated in patients with a history of aspirin-sensitive
Other Hypersensitivity Reactions:
Rarely hypersensitivity reactions with cutaneous eruptions, urticaria and pruritus,
as well as attacks of asthma, with or without drop in blood pressure, have been
observed. In single cases, severe hypersensitivity reactions, manifesting as facial
immediate medical attention is necessary.
In single cases, serious forms of skin reactions such as erythema multiforme can
In patients with existing auto-immune disorders (systemic lupus erythematosus,
mixed connective tissue disease) during treatment with ibuprofen, single cases of
symptoms of aseptic meningitis such as stiff neck, headache, nausea, vomiting, fever
or disorientation have been observed.
Stiffness, sudden decrease in the amount of urine, black stools.
Renal papillary necrosis which can lead to renal failure.
Adverse Reactions Attributed to Codeine
suppression, nausea and drowsiness
Patients sensitive to one of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs)
may be sensitive to any of the other NSAIDs also.
Blurred and/or diminished vision, scotomata, and changes in color vision have
been reported. If a patient develops such complaints while receiving ibuprofen, the
drug should be discontinued and the patient should have an ophthalmological
examination which includes central visual fields and color vision testing.
As with other NSAIDs, patients should be cautioned about engaging in activities
requiring mental alertness and motor coordination, such as driving a car.
symptoms of gastrointestinal ulceration or bleeding, blurred vision or other eye
symptoms, skin rash, weight gain, or edema.
Fluid retention and edema have been reported in association with ibuprofen.
Therefore, the drug should be used with caution in patients with a history of cardiac
decompensation or hypertension.
Since ibuprofen is eliminated primarily by the kidneys, patients with significantly
impaired renal function should be closely monitored, and a reduction in dosage
should be anticipated to avoid drug accumulation.
Ibuprofen should be used with caution in individuals with intrinsic coagulation
defects, and those on anticoagulant therapy.
Caution should be exercised when this product is administered to asthma sufferers
since bronchospasm may be precipitated in patients suffering from, or with a
previous history of bronchial asthma or allergic disease.
The elderly are at increased risk of the consequence of adverse reactions.
NUROFEN PLUS Tab 25. 12. 2005, RH Page 4 of 6
Undesirable effects may be minimised by using the minimum effective dose for the
shortest possible duration.
Monitoring of blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine concentrations and/or
serum potassium concentrations may be required at periodic intervals during therapy,
especially in patients with documented hepatic or renal function impairment.
The same monitoring may also be required in patients known or suspected to be at
risk for renal function impairment, patients taking diuretics concurrently, and in
patients in whom signs of possible renal toxicity occur, such as substantial increases
in blood pressure, fluid retention, or rapid weight gain.
In order to avoid exacerbation of disease or adrenal insufficiency, patients who
have been on prolonged corticosteroid therapy should have their therapy reduced
slowly, rather than discontinued abruptly, when ibuprofen is added to the treatment
As with other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, borderline elevations of one
or more liver tests may occur in up to 15% of patients. These abnormalities may
progress, remain essentially unchanged, or be transient with continued therapy.
Because serious gastrointestinal tract ulcerations and bleeding can occur without
warning symptoms, physicians should follow chronically treated patients for the signs
and symptoms of ulcerations and bleeding and should inform them (in case of
children, the child
s parent/guardian) of importance of this follow-up.
Patients with symptoms and/or signs suggesting liver dysfunction, or in whom an
development of more severe hepatic reactions while on therapy with ibuprofen.
Severe hepatic reactions, including jaundice and cases of fatal hepatitis, have been
Although such reactions are rare, if abnormal liver tests persist or worsen, or clinical
Aseptic meningitis with fever and coma has been observed on rare occasions in
patients on ibuprofen therapy. Although it is probably more likely to occur in patients
with systemic lupus erythematosus and related connective tissue diseases, it has
been reported in patients who do not have an underlying chronic disease. If signs or
symptoms of meningitis develop in a patient on ibuprofen, the possibility of its being
related to ibuprofen should be considered.
There is some evidence that drugs which inhibit cyclo-oxygenase/ prostaglandin
synthesis may cause impairment of female fertility by an effect on ovulation. This is
reversible on withdrawal of treatment.
Patients Who Require Surgery (Including Dental Surgery)
Caution is recommended in patients who require surgery. Most of the Nonsteroidal
anti-inflammatory agents inhibit platelet aggregation and may prolong bleeding time,
which may increase intra-and postoperative bleeding. Consideration should therefore
be given to discontinuing NSAIDs treatment for an appropriate length of time prior to
elective surgery, depending on the potency and duration of effect of the individual
agent on platelet aggregability.
In case of patients requiring dental surgery, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents
thrombocytopenia, which may result in an increased incidence of microbial infection,
delayed healing, and gingival bleeding. If leukopenia or thrombocytopenia occurs,
dental work should be deferred until blood counts return to normal, and patients
should be instructed in proper oral hygiene.
NUROFEN PLUS Tab 25. 12. 2005, RH Page 5 of 6
Because bleeding has been reported when
ibuprofen and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents have been administered
to patients on coumarin-type anticoagulants, physicians should exercise caution
when administering ibuprofen to patients on anticoagulants.
Anti-Inflammatory Agents (NSAIDs):
have demonstrated that aspirin administered with NSAIDs causes a decrease in
blood levels and activity of non-aspirin drugs. Since concomitant use offers no
therapeutic advantage, such combinations should be avoided.
NSAIDs, may enhance the toxicity of methotrexate. Caution should be used if
ibuprofen is administered concomitantly with methotrexate.
: As with other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents , the
antihypertensive effect of beta-blockers may be reduced.
Clinical studies, as well as random observations,
have shown that ibuprofen can reduce the natriuretic effect of furosemide and
thiazides in some patients. During concomitant therapy with ibuprofen, patients
should be observed closely for signs of renal failure, as well as to assure diuretic
Ibuprofen may produce an elevation of plasma lithium levels and a
reduction in renal lithium clearance. Therefore, when ibuprofen and lithium are
administered concurrently, subjects should be observed carefully for signs of lithium
Concomitant use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents with
alcohol may increase the risk of gastrointestinal side effects, including ulceration or
Probenecid may decrease excretion and increase the serum
concentration of NSAIDs, possibly enhancing effectiveness and/or increasing the
potential for toxicity of these agents. A decrease in dosage of the NSAIDs may be
: There is evidence of prolonged bleeding time in patients
receiving concurrent treatment with zidovudine and ibuprofen.
Codeine/Monoamine Oxidase (MAO) Inhibitors
: Codeine interacts with monoamine
Dosage and Administration
This product should be taken with or after food.
The tablets should not to be used for more than 10 days for the treatment of pain,
or for more than 3 days for the treatment of fever, unless instructed by the physician.
The smallest effective dose should be used.
In primary dysmenorrhea, Nurofen Plus Tablets should be taken immediately
following the onset of pain.
One or two tablets every four to six hours.
Children under 12 years:
No special dosage modifications are required for elderly patients, unless renal or
hepatic function is impaired, in which case dosage should be assessed individually.
Do not take more than 6 tablets in 24 hours.
NUROFEN PLUS Tab 25. 12. 2005, RH Page 6 of 6
Overuse of this product, defined as consumption of quantities in excess of the
recommended dose, or consumption for a prolonged period, may lead to physical or
psychological dependency. Symptoms of restlessness and irritability may result when
treatment is stopped.
Symptoms include nausea, headache, vomiting, dizziness, drowsiness, nystagmus,
blurred vision, tinnitus, and, rarely, hypotension, metabolic acidosis, renal failure,
and, loss of consciousness. Large overdoses are generally well tolerated when no
other drugs are involved.
No special antidote is available.
Patients should be treated symptomatically as required. Use supportive care where
appropriate. Within one hour of ingestion, activated charcoal or gastric lavage
followed by activated charcoal if the dose is greater than 400 mg/kg, can be used.
Nausea and vomiting are prominent features of codeine overdose. Respiratory
depression, excitability, convulsions, hypotension and loss of consciousness may
occur with large codeine overdose.
The stomach should be emptied. If severe CNS depression has occurred, artificial
respiration, oxygen and parenteral naloxone may be needed. Imbalance in electrolyte
levels should be considered
Store in a dry place below 25oC.
Bottles of 100 and 200 tablets.
Blisters of 6, 12, 24, 60, and 72 tablets.
Boots Healthcare International
Abic Marketing Ltd
P.O.Box 8077, Netanya.