Main information

  • Trade name:
  • XALAPROST latanoprost 50 microgram/mL eye drops bottle
  • Medicine domain:
  • Humans
  • Medicine type:
  • Allopathic drug



  • Available in:
  • XALAPROST latanoprost 50 microgram/mL eye drops bottle
  • Language:
  • English

Other information


  • Source:
  • Dept. of Health,Therapeutic Goods Administration - Australia
  • Authorization number:
  • 217151
  • Last update:
  • 09-10-2017

Public Assessment Report

Public Summary

Summary for ARTG Entry:


XALAPROST latanoprost 50 microgram/mL eye drops bottle

ARTG entry for

Medicine Registered


Aspen Pharma Pty Ltd

Postal Address

34-36 Chandos Street,ST LEONARDS, NSW, 2065


ARTG Start Date


Product category




Approval area

Drug Safety Evaluation Branch


Conditions applicable to all therapeutic goods as specified in the document "Standard Conditions Applying to Registered or Listed Therapeutic Goods

Under Section 28 of the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989" effective 1 July 1995.

Conditions applicable to the relevant category and class of therapeutic goods as specified in the document "Standard Conditions Applying to Registered

or Listed Therapeutic Goods Under Section 28 of the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989" effective 1 July 1995.


1. XALAPROST latanoprost 50 microgram/mL eye drops bottle

Product Type

Single Medicine Product

Effective date



See Product Information and Consumer Medicine Information for this product

Standard Indications

Specific Indications

Reduction of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.

Additional Product information

Container information



Life Time






36 Months

Store at 2 to 8

degrees Celsius

Not recorded

Discard 4 weeks after


Do not Freeze

Protect from Light

Pack Size/Poison information

Pack Size

Poison Schedule

2.5 mL in 5 mL bottle

(S4) Prescription Only Medicine


1. XALAPROST latanoprost 50 microgram/mL eye drops bottle

Dosage Form

Eye Drops, solution

Route of Administration


Visual Identification

clear colourless solution

Active Ingredients


50 microgram/mL

© Commonwealth of Australia.This work is copyright.You are not permitted to re-transmit, distribute or commercialise the material without obtaining prior

written approval from the Commonwealth.Further details can be found at http://www.tga.gov.au/about/website-copyright.htm.

Public Summary

Page 1 of

Produced at 26.11.2017 at 06:51:47 AEDT

This is not an ARTG Certificate document.

The onus is on the reader to verify the current accuracy of the information on the document subsequent to the date shown.

Visit www.tga.gov.au for contact information

Patient Information leaflet: composition, indications, side effects, dosage, interactions, adverse reactions, pregnancy, lactation





Consumer Medicine Information

What is in this leaflet

This leaflet answers some common

questions about Xalaprost. It does not

contain all the available information.

It does not take the place of talking to

your doctor or pharmacist.

All medicines have risks and

benefits. Your doctor has weighed

the risks of you using Xalaprost

against the benefits it is expected to

have for you.

If you have any concerns about

using this medicine, ask your

doctor or pharmacist.

Keep this leaflet with the medicine.

You may need to read it again.

What Xalaprost is

used for

Xalaprost is used to lower raised

pressure in the eye and to treat

glaucoma. Glaucoma is a condition

in which the pressure of fluid in the

eye may be high. However, some

people with glaucoma may have

normal eye pressure.

Glaucoma is usually caused by a

build up of the fluid which flows

through the eye. This build up occurs

because the fluid drains out of your

eye more slowly than it is being

pumped in. Since new fluid continues

to enter the eye, joining the fluid

already there, the pressure continues

to rise. This raised pressure may

damage the back of the eye resulting

in gradual loss of sight. Damage can

progress so slowly that the person is

not aware of this gradual loss of

sight. Sometimes even normal eye

pressure is associated with damage to

the back of the eye.

There are usually no symptoms of

glaucoma. If glaucoma is not treated

it can lead to serious problems,

including total blindness. In fact,

untreated glaucoma is one of the

most common causes of blindness.

Xalaprost belongs to a family



prostaglandin agonists.

It lowers the pressure in the eye by

allowing more fluid to flow out from

within your eye.

Although Xalaprost helps control

your glaucoma it does not cure it. So

you must keep using it until your

doctor tells you to stop.

Xalaprost is used, either alone or in

combination with other eye

medicines, to lower raised pressure

within your eye.

Ask your doctor if you have any

questions about why Xalaprost

has been prescribed for you.

Your doctor may have prescribed it

for another reason.

Xalaprost is not addictive.

Xalaprost is not recommended for

use in children. The safety and

effectiveness of Xalaprost in

children have not been established.

Before you use


When you must not use it

Do not use Xalaprost if:











ingredients listed at the end of

this leaflet

Symptoms of an allergic reaction

may include:

asthma, wheezing or shortness of


swelling of the face, lips or

tongue which may cause

difficulty in swallowing or


hives, itching or skin rash


the bottle or packaging shows

signs of tampering

the expiry date on the pack has


If you use this medicine after the

expiry date has passed, it may not


If you are not sure whether you

should start using Xalaprost, talk

to your doctor.

Before you start to use it

Tell your doctor if:

1. you have had an allergy to any

other medicines or any other

substances, such as foods,

preservatives or dyes

2. you are pregnant or intend to

become pregnant

Your doctor will discuss the

possible risks and benefits of

using Xalaprost during


3. you are breast-feeding or

intend to breast-feed

Your doctor will discuss the

possible risks and benefits of

using Xalaprost when breast-


4. you have or have had any

medical conditions such as

severe asthma, or any other


types of glaucoma or eye


If you have not told your doctor

about any of the above, tell him or

her before you use Xalaprost.

Taking other medicines

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if

you are taking any other

medicines, including any that you

buy without a prescription from

your pharmacy, supermarket or

health food shop.

Some medicines and Xalaprost

may interfere with each other.

These include:

eye drops which contain an

ingredient called thiomersal. If

using such eye drops as well as

Xalaprost, you should wait at


5 minutes between using these

eye drops and Xalaprost

some other eye drops that contain

a prostaglandin. The use of two or

more prostaglandin eye drops at

the same time is not


How to use Xalaprost

Use Xalaprost only when

prescribed by your doctor.

Follow all directions given to you

by your doctor carefully.

They may differ from the

information contained in this leaflet.

If you are being changed from one

eye drop to another, follow your

doctor's instructions carefully as to

when to stop the old drops and

when to start the new drops.

How much to use

The usual dose of Xalaprost is one

drop into the affected eye, or eyes,

once daily.

Use Xalaprost every day, at about

the same time each day, preferably

in the evening, unless your doctor

tells you otherwise.

Using your eye drops at the same

time each day will have the best

effect on your eye pressure. It will

also help you remember when to use

the eye drops.

How to use it

If you are wearing soft contact

lenses, remove them before putting

the drops in your eye.

The preservative in Xalaprost

(benzalkonium chloride) may be

deposited in soft contact lenses. You

can put your soft contact lenses back

into your eyes 15 minutes after you

have used Xalaprost.

If using other eye drops in addition

to Xalaprost, wait at least 5

minutes before putting any other

drops in your eye(s).

Be careful not to touch the dropper

tip against your eye, eyelid or

anything else.

Touching the dropper tip against

something may contaminate the eye

drops and give you an eye infection.

You may find it easier to put drops in

your eye while you are sitting or

lying down.

1. Wash your hands well with soap

and water.

2. Twist off the protective overcap

from the bottle.

3. Unscrew the inner cap.

4. Use your finger to gently pull

down the lower eyelid of your

affected eye.

5. Tilt your head back and look up.

6. Place the tip of the bottle close to

but not touching your eye.

Squeeze the bottle gently so that

only one drop goes into your eye,

then release the lower eyelid.

Close your eye. Do not blink or

rub your eye.

7. While your eye is closed, place

your index finger against the

inside corner of your eye and

press against your nose for about

two minutes. This will help to

stop the medicine from draining

through the tear duct to the nose

and throat, from where it can be

absorbed into other parts of your

body. Ask your doctor for more

specific instructions on this


8. Screw the inner cap back on the


9. Wash your hands again with soap

and water to remove any residue.

You may feel a slight burning

sensation in the eye shortly after

using the eye drops.

If this persists, or is very

uncomfortable, contact your

doctor or pharmacist.

How long to use it

Continue using Xalaprost every

day for as long as your doctor


Xalaprost helps control your

condition but does not cure it.

If you forget to use it

If you miss a dose, skip the dose

you missed and use your next dose

when you are meant to.

If you are not sure whether to skip

the dose, talk to your doctor or


Do not use double the amount to

make up for the dose that you


If you use too much


If you accidentally put several

drops in your eye, immediately

rinse your eye with warm water.

If you think that you or anyone else

may have swallowed Xalaprost,

immediately telephone your doctor

or the Australian Poisons

Information Centre (telephone 131

126) or go to Accident and

Emergency at your nearest

hospital. Do this even if there are

no signs of discomfort or



While you are using


Things you must do






working properly, have your eye

pressure checked regularly.

Have your eyes checked regularly

for any other changes, including a

change in eye colour.

A slow change in eye colour, which

may be permanent, has been reported

to occur in some patients who use

Xalaprost. Your doctor will decide

whether you should continue using


If you develop an eye infection,

receive an eye injury, or have eye

surgery tell your doctor.

Your doctor may tell you to use a

new container of Xalaprost because

of possible contamination of the old

one, or may advise you to stop your

treatment with Xalaprost.

If you become pregnant while

using Xalaprost, tell your

doctor immediately.

If you are about to be started on

any new medicine tell your doctor

and pharmacist that you are using


Tell all doctors and pharmacists

who are treating you that you are

using Xalaprost.

Things you must not do

Do not give Xalaprost to anyone

else, even if they have the same

condition as you.

Do not use this medicine to treat

any other complaints unless your

doctor tells you to.

Do not stop using Xalaprost


Xalaprost generally does not cause









it may cause blurred vision in some

people. Make sure you know how

you react to Xalaprost or that your

vision is clear before driving a car or

operating machinery.

Side effects

Check with your doctor as soon as

possible if you have any problems

while using Xalaprost, even if you

do not think the problems are

connected with the medicine or are

not listed in this leaflet.

Like other medicines, Xalaprost can

cause some side effects. If they

occur, most are likely to be minor

and temporary. However, some may

be serious and need medical


Ask your doctor or pharmacist to

answer any questions you may


Tell your doctor if you notice any

of the following and they worry


a slow change in eye colour over

a period of time. The iris may

become browner in colour and

appear darker. This change may

be permanent and more

noticeable if you are only being

treated in one eye

blurred vision, double vision or

other visual problems

irritation or feeling of having

something in the eye. This may

be worse during the first two or

three days of using Xalaprost

eye pain

misdirected eyelashes sometimes

causing eye irritation

darkening of the skin of the


crusting, redness, thickening,

itching or burning of the eyelids

sensitivity to light

skin rash


muscle/joint pain

painful, urgent or frequent


If any of the following happen, stop

using Xalaprost and tell your

doctor immediately or go to

Accident and Emergency at your



wheezing, difficulty in breathing

(asthma or worsening of asthma)

shortness of breath

chest pain


swelling of the face, lips, mouth,

tongue or throat which may cause

difficulty in swallowing or


white deposits or plaque in the

cornea causing the transparent

front part of your eye to look

white or cloudy.

These are rare but serious side

effects. You may need urgent

medical attention.

Tell your doctor if you notice any

other effects.

Other side effects not listed above

may also occur in some patients.

Do not be alarmed by this list of

possible side effects. You may not

experience any of them.

first talking to your doctor.

redness, burning or watering of

If you stop using your eye drops,

your eye pressures may rise again

and damage to your eye may occur.

Things to be careful of

Be careful driving or operating

machinery until you know how

Xalaprost affects you.

the eye(s)

discharge, itching of the eye(s),

crusty eyelashes

darkening, thickening,

lengthening or an increase in the

number of eye lashes and the fine

hair on the eyelids

After using Xalaprost


Keep your eye drops in a safe place

away from the sight and reach of



A locked cupboard at least one-and-

a-half metres above the ground is a

good place to store medicines.

Before opening Xalaprost, keep

the bottle in its box in a

refrigerator (2°C - 8°C) protected

from light.

After opening Xalaprost, keep the

bottle in its box in a cool place

where the temperature stays below

25°C, but do not refrigerate. Keep

the box properly closed and

protected from light.

Do not store Xalaprost or any other

medicine in the bathroom or near a

sink. Do not leave it in the car or

on window sills. Do not carry the

eye drops in pockets of your


Heat and dampness can destroy some


Put the top back on the bottle right

away after use to avoid

contaminating the eye drops.


Write the date on the bottle when

you open the eye drops and throw

out any remaining solution after

four weeks.

Open a new bottle every 4 weeks.

Eye drops contain a preservative

which helps prevent germs growing

in the solution for the first four

weeks after opening the bottle. After

this time there is a greater risk that

the drops may become contaminated

and cause an eye infection.

If your doctor tells you to stop

using the eye drops or they have

passed their expiry date, ask your

pharmacist what to do with any

remaining solution.

Product description

What it looks like

Xalaprost eye drops come in a

plastic bottle with a dropper and

screw cap inside a protective

overcap. Remove this overcap

before use.

When you first receive your

Xalaprost bottle, it will appear half

full. This corresponds to 2.5 mL of

eye drop solution, giving a minimum

of 80 drops. This volume is enough

to last

4 weeks if used in both eyes.


The active ingredient in Xalaprost eye

drops is latanoprost. Each 1 mL of

Xalaprost contains 50 micrograms of

latanoprost. Each drop contains about

1.5 micrograms of latanoprost.

Xalaprost eye drops also


sodium chloride

sodium phosphate monobasic


sodium phosphate dibasic


Water for Injections

benzalkonium chloride (as a



Xalaprost can be identified by the

Australian Register Number AUST R

217151, which is found on the box.


Xalaprost is supplied in Australia

by: Aspen Pharma Pty Ltd

34-36 Chandos Street

St. Leonards, 2065, NSW


For more information about

glaucoma, contact Glaucoma

Australia Inc. (telephone 1800 500


This leaflet was written in

September 2014.

Registered Trademark.