KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN
READ SAFETY DIRECTIONS BEFORE OPENING OR USING
Coated Insecticide Tablets
ACTIVE CONSTITUENT: 330g/kg PHOSPHINE
) present as ALUMINUM PHOSPHIDE
Each 3g Tablet liberates 1g PHOSPHINE (PH
For control of pests which infest stored commodities, specified processed
foods, and animal foods as per Directions for Use Table.
Net Contents: 100 Tablets (300g) 500 Tablets (1.5 kg)
MINIMUM EXPOSURE PERIODS
are needed to allow products to react to completion and to expose insects for long
enough to kill all stages. A SHORTENED EXPOSURE PERIOD CANNOT BE COMPENSATED FOR BY INCREASED DOSAGE.
Insect death and reaction of the tablets are both slower at lower temperatures. Temperatures specified are those within
the commodity to be fumigated. The minimum exposure period should start from time of completion of application of
VENTILATION PERIOD – ON COMPLETION OF EXPOSURE PERIOD:
Ventilation of structures is complete only when phosphine concentrations measured at appropriate locations in the en-
closure and work area are below the Threshold Limit Value–Time Weighted Average (TLV-TWA) exposure standard of 0.3
ppm. The following are minimum ventilation periods required and may need to be increased to ensure the exposure stan-
dard is not exceeded.
Minimum Ventilation Periods:
Structures, including bunker storages, containing treated commodities:
Without throughflow (i.e. access only through the headspace): not less than 5 days
With throughflow and natural draught (wind): For structures of 300 tonnes or greater capacity: 2 to 5 days de-
pending on size. For structures of less than 300 tonnes capacity: 2 days
With throughflow and forced draught (flash-proof fan) operated 2 hours on and 2 hours off: not less than 1
In bales: not less than two days. In cases and hogsheads: not less than 3 days.
Empty Buildings and Enclosures:
Without throughflow: 5 days
With throughflow and natural draught (wind): For structures of 300 tonnes or greater capacity: not less than 2
days, depending on structure size, openings and prevailing wind speed. For structures of less than 300 tonnes
capacity: 2 days.
Distributed by: Nufarm Australia Limited
ACN 004 377 780
103-105 Pipe Road Laverton
North Victoria 3026
Tel: (03) 9282 1000
For: Sunzon International
902/10 Martin Place
Sydney, NSW 2000
FUMIGATION WILL CONTROL ALL STAGES OF INSECTS ONLY IN STRUCTURES/ENCLOSURES THAT ARE
Well sealed structures/enclosures are fumigation chambers, well sealed silos, sheds and buildings, and other fumigation enclosures
made gas-tight with gas-proof sheeting. Well sealed means permanent sealing of porous surfaces, seams and cracks and tem-
porary sealing of intake and/or outlet valves, doors, fan housings, windows and hatches. For further information see appropriate
industry advisory documents such as Grains Research and Development Corporation ‘Advice’ sheet ‘$ealed $ilos $ave’, available
With throughflow and forced draught (flash-proof fan) operated 2 hours on and 2 hours off: 1 to 2 days de-
pending on size of structure
Beehives, supers and other beekeeping equipment:
not less than 2 days.
NOT TO BE USED FOR ANY PURPOSE, OR IN ANY MANNER, CONTRARY TO THIS LABEL UNLESS AUTHORISED UNDER
DO NOT USE TREATED PRODUCE FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION OR FOR STOCK FOOD FOR 2 DAYS AFTER COMPLETION
OF FUMIGATION (MINIMUM EXPOSURE PERIOD PLUS VENTILATION PERIOD).
TREATED COMMODITIES MAY BE SHIPPED AFTER COMPLETION OF THE MINIMUM EXPOSURE PERIOD PLUS VENTILATION
Fumitoxin releases phosphine gas when exposed to air. Phosphine penetrates throughout the commodity to kill eggs,
larvae, pupae and adult stages of storage pests in sealed enclosures, but some eggs, pupae and adults will survive in un-
sealed enclosures (See Note 1 above).
Protect by sealing or otherwise, sensitive electrical and electronic equipment (computers, meters, switches, fire alarm
systems, etc.) containing copper/copper alloy components, photographic film or copy paper. Phosphine corrodes copper
Containers must be opened in the open air. Whilst opening containers take care and point containers away
from the face and body, as under certain conditions possible build-up of gas may result in flash flame
upon exposure to air.
Application rates higher than label directions and contrary to label instruction could cause the gas con-
centrations to reach the lower flammability level which is 1.79% by volume (17,900 parts per million).
When used according to the label directions, the amount of gas produced remains far below the
lower flammability level.
After application, wait until the Exposure Period has passed, then thoroughly ventilate for the required Ven-
tilation Period and to the required Standard. Re-entry to fumigation areas is not recommended until meas-
uring device(s) indicate that they are free of phosphine. The use of gas detection tubes or other measuring
devices is recommended for monitoring gas levels in fumigation areas as phosphine gas may still be
present even after treated commodities have been removed and fumigation areas ventilated.
DO NOT re-enter a storage after application has commenced or once treated grain/commodity has
been emptied without wearing a full face respirator with particulate (P1) and phosphine gas filter
cartridge (can- ister) or self-contained breathing apparatus, until a measuring device indicates that it is
free of phosphine or the Total fumigation period (minimum exposure period plus ventilation period) has
PROTECTION OF LIVESTOCK:
Disturbance of unreacted phosphide powder residue results in release of more phosphine gas. Residues
of phosphine gas or unreacted phosphide powder in treated grain/commodity will be harmful if fed to an-
imals, including poultry. Ensure feed is well mixed and that such residues are not present before feeding.
DO NOT feed treated grain/commodity to animals, including poultry, until the Total Fumigation Period (Ex-
posure plus Ventilation) plus the Withholding Period has expired.
PROTECTION OF WILDLIFE, FISH, CRUSTACEA AND ENVIRONMENT: This product is highly toxic to
wildlife. Dangerous to fish. DO NOT contaminate streams, rivers or water- ways with the chemical or used
STORAGE AND DISPOSAL:
Store in the closed, original container in a cool, dry, well ventilated locked area, out of reach of children
and unauthorised persons and away from all dwellings, animals, food, feedstuffs, seed and fertilisers. DO
NOT store or carry container in vehicle cabins (this includes glove compartments, luggage compart-
ments or other common air-spaces). Keep away from water and liquids. Water and many liquids
cause immediate release of phosphine from the product. Uncontrolled release of phosphine may result
in fire or explosion and release of gas will pose a serious risk of injury to workers and bystanders.
After fumigation with the product on trays/sheets remove the spent tablets and ensure residual
phosphide is destroyed be- fore disposal, e.g. by swamping with dilute acid or soapy water in open air
and set up for this purpose, clear of waterways, desirable vegetation and tree roots, in compliance with
DIRECTIONS FOR USE:
you use this product you must consider the following:
Timing of treatment –
DO NOT fumigate if it will be necessary to move grain/commodity before the
Total Fumigation Period has expired. Movement of treated commodities or empty containers during
application, fumigation exposure or ventilation risks exposure of transport and handling workers and
the public to harmful levels of phosphine and is contrary to label instructions.
The Total Fumigation Period is the sum of the time required for
to phosphine and the time
the grain. A shortened Exposure Period will not be effective for storage pest control
and a reduced Ventilation Period poses a serious risk of phosphine gas poisoning to workers and by-
standers. In addition a Withholding Period of two days is required after completion of ventilation before
the grain is allowed to be used for human consumption or for animal feed. See Notes 4 & 5 for a
detailed description of the Minimum Exposure Period and the Ventilation Period.
Safety and handling of the product –
Phosphine is a highly dangerous fumigant and fumigation must
only be undertaken in situations where the safety of workers and the public can be ensured. Observe
all RESTRAINTS, PRECAUTIONS and instructions on the label.
DO NOT fumigate inhabited buildings.
DO NOT fumigate work situations where there is a risk that phosphine gas could leak from fumigation
enclosures into working areas.
DO NOT use on commodities, or in empty containers, railcars or vessels that are in transit or likely to
be in transit during the Exposure and/or Ventilation Periods.
DO NOT use in road, transport vehicles (including a truck or road hauled container).
DO NOT heap tablets. Heaped tablets limit gas release.
DO NOT add water to the tablets.
DO NOT use when the commodity temperature is less than 15° C or the relative humidity within the
structure is less than25% or,with raw cereal grains, when the moisture content is less than 9%.
DONOTapplyin structuresthatarenotwell sealed*.
DO NOT apply as a surface-only treatment in a structure whose height exceeds twice its width, unless
the structure/enclosure has a gas recirculation device fitted.
from State Departments of Agriculture or Primary Industries. Increasing the application rate will not compensate for gas loss
from an unsealed enclosure.
NOTE: STRUCTURES MUST BE WELL SEALED. IF THEY ARE NOT, FUMIGATION WILL NOT GIVE ADEQUATE CONTROL, AND
WOULD BE CONTRARY TO LABEL DIRECTIONS.
2) STORAGE PESTS
include: lesser grain borer, cadelle, cigarette beetle, confused flour beetle, dried fruit beetle, flat grain beetle,
merchant grain beetle, red-legged ham beetle, rust-red flour beetle, sawtoothed grain beetle, skin and hide beetle, spider beetles,
warehouse beetle, Angoumois grain moth, Indian meal moth, Mediterranean flour moth, mottled grain moth, raisin moth, tobacco
moth, tropical warehouse moth, psocids, stored products mites, bean weevil, coffee bean weevil, granary weevil, maize weevil,
pea weevil and rice weevil.
For control of the larger wax moth and the lesser wax moth in stored beehives, supers and other beekeeping equipment.
Approved treatment dosages will also kill any cockroaches, rats and mice present.
3) PHOSPHINE APPLICATION RATES
are based on the internal volume of the structures to be fumigated; they apply equally to full
or partly filled or empty structures and they apply to all commodities. The commodity equivalent rates (g/tonne) should only be
used when the commodity stowage factor is known, they apply only when the storage structures are full or nearly full or when
part-filled structures are dosed on the tonnage equivalents of their internal volumes. The calculated commodity equivalent dosage
must be based on the rate per volume. The application rate of 1.5 g phosphine per 1 metre
is equivalent to:
Fumigation of Commodities in Silos and Bulk Storages:
Place the tablets in a single layer and separated from the commodity e.g.:–on non-flammable trays/sheets which are
evenly spread on the commodity surface inside the storage.
Fumigation of Commodities under Gas Proof Sheeting:
Place tablets spaced from each other on non-flammable sheets/trays evenly distributed between and/or alongside stacked
commodities in a manner that allows free circulation of gas. Ensure that the sheeting is sealed in a gas-tight manner after
Fumigation of empty storages/enclosures:
Place tablets spaced from each other on non-flammable sheets/trays evenly spread in the enclosure; with application starting
at the furthest point from the exit door. Ensure the enclosure is made gas-tight. Lock and seal exit door after application.
INSECTICIDE RESISTANCE WARNING
For insecticide resistance management Fumitoxin Coated Insecticide Tablets (“Fumitoxin”) is a group 24A insecticide.
Some naturally occurring insect biotypes resistant to Fumitoxin and other Group 24A insecticides may exist through
genetic variability in any insect population. The resistant individuals can eventually dominate the insect
population if Fumitoxin or other Group 24A insecticides are used repeatedly. The effectiveness of Fumitoxin on resistant
be significantly reduced. Since occurrence of resistant individuals is difficult to detect prior to use,
Limited accepts no liability for any losses that may result from the failure of Fumitoxin to control
Application of Fumitoxin in unsealed storages/enclosures and use of low dose rates and shortened
exposure periods is
contrary to label instruction and will contribute to development of resistance.
Keep away from naked flame.
Show the following warning sign prominently at all approaches to every fumigation site.
“DANGER – POISON GAS – KEEP AWAY”
Keep animals, children and unauthorised persons away from the area under treatment until the area is shown to be free
from phosphine as indicated by a gas measuring device.
relevant local, state or territory government regulations. Empty containers
and product should not be burnt.
Very dangerous. Product releases dangerous phosphine gas slowly in moist air and immediately if wet.
Can kill if inhaled or swallowed. DO NOT inhale dust or vapour. Avoid contact with eyes and skin. Open
container in the open air. Keep away from water and liquids. Keep away from naked flame – forms toxic
gas. Use the entire contents in one operation; if not possible, (tablets only) seal container thoroughly with
waterproof ad- hesive tape or air-tight closure. Wash hands after use. When opening the container or
using the produce wear elbow length PVC gloves and full face piece respirator with combined dust and
gas cartridge (canister) or supplied air respirator. After each days use wash gloves and respirator (if rubber
wash with detergent and warm water).
If poisoning occurs, contact a doctor or Poisons Information Centre on 131126. DO NOT give direct mouth-
to-mouth resuscitation if swallowed. To protect rescuer, use air-viva, oxy-viva or one-way mask.
Resus- citate in a well-ventilated area.
Additional information is listed in the material safety data sheet for Fumitoxin available at
www.nufarm.com.au or call 03 9282 1000. MSDS should be readily available in all workplaces storing or using the
CONDITIONS OF SALE:
“Any provisions or rights under the Trade Practices Act 1974 or relevant state legislation which cannot be excluded by
those statutes or by law are not intended to be excluded by these conditions of sale. Subject to the foregoing, all
warranties, conditions, rights and remedies, expressed or implied under common law, statute or otherwise, in
relation to the sale, supply, use or application of this product, are excluded. Nufarm Australia Limited and/or
its affiliates (“Nufarm”) shall not accept any liability whatsoever (including consequential loss), or howsoever
arising (including negligence) for any damage, injury or death connected with the sale, supply, use or application
of this product except for liability which cannot be excluded by statute.”
APVMA Approval No.: 32069/103019
See Note 1 for description
of well sealed* and Note 2
for storage pests controlled
See note 3
FUMIGATION PERIOD #
#(TOTAL OF THE MINIMUM
PLUS VENTILATION PERIOD)
See Note 4
See Note 5
Storage pests in:
storage sheds, silos, and structures
which are suitable for fumigation;
Raw cereal grains (such as barley,
maize, millets, oats, rice, rye,
sorghum, triticale, wheat);Other
foodcommodities(such as flour and
other milledcereal products, break-
fast cereals, dried fruits, dried
foods, peanuts, oilseeds, cocoaand
Seeds for propagation;
3 tablets per
7 days when commodity
temperature is above 25°C.
10 days when commodity
temperature is 15° to 25°C.
20 days for surface only ap-
plication to bulk commodi-
ties in well sealed*
structures greater than 375
capacity (e.g. greater
than 300 tonnes wheat).
Tobacco in bales, cases,
hogsheads in well sealed*
Well-sealed* empty warehouses,
elevators, stores, structures
enclosures and stored beehives,
supers and equipment.
7 days when temperature is
10 days when temperature
is 15°C to 25°C.
IN AN EMERGENCY DIAL: 000
POLICE OR FIRE BRIGADE
IN AN EMERGENCY, SPECIALIST
ADVICE NUFARM AUSTRALIA
LIMITED: 1800 033 498
Capacity of fumigation enclosure