Data Sheet – New Zealand
DBL™ ADRENALINE INJECTION 1:10,000
Adrenaline Acid Tartrate 1:10,000 (1mg in 10ml)
crystalline powder, soluble in solutions of mineral acids and alkalis. DBL™ Adrenaline Injection 1:10,000 is a
sterile solution of adrenaline acid tartrate in water containing adrenaline acid tartrate 0.1 mg/mL, 1mg/ml
sodium metabisulphite as an antioxidant, and sodium chloride 8mg/ml. The solution contains no antimicrobial
Adrenaline is a direct-acting sympathomimetic agent exerting its effect on alpha and beta adrenoreceptors.
Major effects are increased systolic blood pressure, reduced diastolic pressure, tachycardia, hyperglycaemia
and hypokalaemia. It is a powerful cardiac stimulant. It has vasopressor properties, an antihistaminic action
and is a bronchodilator. Its action is rapid in onset and of short duration.
Adrenaline is rapidly distributed to the heart, spleen, several glandular tissues and adrenergic nerves. It
crosses the placenta and is excreted in breast milk. It is approximately 50% bound to plasma proteins. The
onset of action is rapid and after intravenous infusion the half life is approximately 5-10 minutes.
Adrenaline is rapidly metabolised in the liver and tissues. Up to 90% of the IV dose is excreted as
metabolites in the urine.
Adjunctive use in the management of cardiac arrest, and anaphylactic shock resulting from reactions to
drugs, animal serums, insect stings and other allergens.
Dosage and Administration
Do not use if the injection is brown or contains a precipitate.
Adrenaline is given by subcutaneous or intramuscular injection. In extreme emergencies, where a more
rapid effect is required, adrenaline may be given as a dilute solution (1 in 10,000 or 1 in 100,000) by slow
intravenous injection or by slow intravenous infusion.
In cardiopulmonary resuscitation the initial dose is 1 mg (10mL of 1:10,000) delivered intravenously,
preferably through a central line, and repeated as often as every 2 to 3 minutes during CPR for up to an
hour. Depending on the arrhythmia the dose may in increased after three injections of 1mg to 5mg or
Data Sheet – New Zealand
Further bolus doses or continuous infusion may be required to maintain an adequate blood pressure after
the patient generated pulse has returned.
The adult dose is used but should be given very slowly with caution as these patients may be more sensitive
In cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the dose is 0.1 mL/kg bodyweight (0.01mg/kg) intravenously initially then
100ug/kg bodyweight. Doses may be repeated every five minutes if necessary.
For anaphylactic shock, if intravenous administration is required the dose is 10ug/kg bodyweight at a rate of
1ml (100ug) or less per minute.
The following contraindications should
be considered: hyperthyroidism, hypertension,
disease, diabetes mellitus, narrow angle glaucoma and known sensitivity to sympathomimetic amines.
Adrenaline should not be used in the presence of cardiac dilation.
Adrenaline should not be used in most patients with arrhythmias and cerebral arteriosclerosis, where
vasopressor drugs may be contraindicated eg in thyrotoxicosis, in obstetrics when maternal blood pressure
is in excess of 130/80.
Adrenaline is also contraindicated in shock (other than anaphylactic shock), in patients with organic brain
damage, during general anaesthesia with halogenated hydrocarbons and cyclopropane.
Adrenaline should not be injected into fingers, toes, ears, nose or genitalia.
Warnings and Precautions
Use with caution in patients with ventricular fibrillation, prefibrillatory rhythm, tachycardia, myocardial
infarction, phenothiazine induced circulatory collapse and prostatic hypertrophy.
Administer slowly with caution to elderly patients and to patients with hypertension, diabetes mellitus,
hyperthyroidism and psychoneurosis. Use with extreme caution in patients with long-standing bronchial
asthma and emphysema who have developed degenerative heart disease. Anginal pain may be induced
when coronary insufficiency is present. Use with caution in patients with narrow angle glaucoma.
Adrenaline may delay the second stage of labour by inhibiting contractions of the uterus.
Syncope has occurred following administration to asthmatic children.
In patients with Parkinsonian syndrome the drug increases rigidity and tremor.
Intra-arterial administration should be avoided since marked vasoconstriction may result in gangrene.
Intramuscular injection into the buttocks should be avoided as gas gangrene is a possibility.
Local ischaemic necrosis can occur from repeated injections in one site.
DBL™ Adrenaline Injection 1:10,000 contains a sulfate which may cause allergic type reactions in certain
Data Sheet – New Zealand
Use in Pregnancy (Category A):
Adrenaline has been given to a large number of pregnant women and women of childbearing age without
any proven increase in the frequency of malformations or other direct or indirect harmful effects on the foetus
having been observed. Adrenaline may delay the second stage of labour by inhibiting contractions of the
Adrenaline is excreted in breast milk.
Interactions with other drugs:
Adrenaline should not be administered with other sympathomimetic agents because of the danger of additive
effects and increased toxicity.
Rapidly acting vasodilators can counteract the marked pressor effects of adrenaline.
The effects of adrenaline may be potentiated by tricyclic antidepressants, some antihistamines and thyroid
Halothane and other anaesthetics such as cyclopropane and trichlorethylene increase the risk of adrenaline-
induced ventricular arrhythmias and acute pulmonary oedema if hypoxia is present.
Severe hypertension and bradycardia may occur with non-selective beta-blocking drugs. Proranolol inhibits
the bronchodilator effect of adrenaline. The risk of cardiac arrhythmias is higher when adrenaline is given to
patients receiving digoxin or quinidine.
Adrenaline induced hyperglycaemia may lead to loss of blood sugar control in diabetic patients treated with
Patients on monoamine oxidase inhibitors should not receive sympathomimetic treatment.
Adrenaline is physically incompatible with alkalis, metals, oxidising agents, sodium warfarin, hyaluronidase
and many other drugs; it forms polymers with sodium bicarbonate.
hallucinations and flushing or redness of face and skin. Psychomotor agitation, disorientation, impaired
memory and psychosis may occur.
The potentially severe adverse effects of adrenaline arise from its effect upon blood pressure and cardiac
rhythm. Ventricular fibrillation may occur and severe hypertension may lead to cerebral haemorrhage and
Cardiac arrhythmias leading to ventricular fibrillation and death. Severe hypertension leading to pulmonary
oedema and cerebral haemorrhage.
Overdosage of adrenaline can result in severe metabolic acidosis because of elevated blood concentration
of lactic acid.
Data Sheet – New Zealand
Combined alpha and beta adrenergic blocking agents such as labetalol may counteract the effects of
adrenaline, or a beta blocking agent may be used to treat supraventricular arrhythmias and phentolamine to
control the alpha mediated effects on the peripheral circulation. Rapidly acting vasodilators such as nitrates
and sodium nitroprusside may also be helpful
In case of overdose, immediately contact the Poisons Information Centre for advice (in New Zealand call
0800 764 766).
Store below 25°C. Protect from light. Do not use if the injection is brown or contains a precipitate.
DBL™ Adrenaline Injection 1:10,000 is available in single use ampoules containing 1mg adrenaline acid
tartrate in 10 mL (1:10,000). It is presented in packs of 5 or 50.
Name and Address
Toll Free Number: 0800 736 363
Date of Preparation
23 June 2017
Pfizer New Zealand Limited,
PO Box 3998
Auckland, New Zealand, 1140