IMPAVIDO- miltefosine capsule

United States - English - NLM (National Library of Medicine)

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Active ingredient:
MILTEFOSINE (UNII: 53EY29W7EC) (MILTEFOSINE - UNII:53EY29W7EC)
Available from:
Profounda, Inc.
INN (International Name):
MILTEFOSINE
Composition:
MILTEFOSINE 50 mg
Administration route:
ORAL
Prescription type:
PRESCRIPTION DRUG
Therapeutic indications:
IMPAVIDO (miltefosine) capsules are indicated in adults and adolescents ≥12 years of age weighing ≥ 30 kg for the treatment of: Limitations of Use: IMPAVIDO may cause fetal harm. IMPAVIDO is contraindicated in pregnant women. Obtain a urine or serum pregnancy test prior to prescribing IMPAVIDO [see Boxed Warning and Use in Specific Populations (8.1)] . IMPAVIDO is contraindicated in patients who have Sjögren-Larsson-Syndrome [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)] . IMPAVIDO is contraindicated in patients who are hypersensitive to miltefosine or any IMPAVIDO excipients. Pregnancy Category D Risk Summary IMPAVIDO may cause fetal harm. Human pregnancy data are not available, however, embryo-fetal toxicity including death and teratogenicity, was observed in embryo-fetal studies in rats and rabbits administered oral miltefosine during organogenesis at doses that were respectively 0.06 and 0.2 times the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD), based on body surface area (BSA) comparison. Numerous visceral and skeletal fe
Product summary:
Each IMPAVIDO capsule contains 50 mg miltefosine in an opaque, red, hard gelatin capsule. IMPAVIDO capsules are supplied in a folded peel/push-through child-resistant blister card. Each blister card contains 14 capsules. Each carton contains two blister cards (NDC 69051-300-01). Store at 20-25 °C (68-77 °F); excursions permitted to 15-30 °C (59-86 °F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Protect from moisture. Dispense only in the original carton.
Authorization status:
New Drug Application
Authorization number:
69051-300-01

Profounda, Inc.

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Medication Guide

IMPAVIDO® (Im-PA-vee-do)

(miltefosine)

Capsules

Read this Medication Guide before you receive IMPAVIDO. This information does not take the place of

talking to your healthcare provider about you medical condition or treatment.

What is the most important information I should know about IMPAVIDO?

IMPAVIDO may cause serious risks to pregnancy:

Do not take IMPAVIDO if you are pregnant. If you take IMPAVIDO during pregnancy, your baby is at

risk for death or serious birth defects.

Women who can become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) during

IMPAVIDO treatment and for 5 months after stopping IMPAVIDO treatment. Discuss with your

healthcare provider which birth control method is right for you.

If you become pregnant while taking IMPAVIDO, tell your healthcare provider right away. Talk to

your healthcare provider about taking part in the IMPAVIDO Pregnancy Registry. This is a study to

learn how IMPAVIDO affects pregnancy and babies. You can enroll in this registry by calling 1-866-

588-5405.

What is IMPAVIDO?

IMPAVIDO is prescription medicine used to treat certain types of leishmaniasis:

visceral leishmaniasis (affecting your internal organs)

cutaneous leishmaniasis (affecting the skin)

mucosal leishmaniasis (affecting the nose, mouth and throat)

It is not known if IMPAVIDO is safe and effective in children under 12 years of age.

Who should not take IMPAVIDO? Do not take IMPAVIDO if you:

are pregnant

have Sjögren-Larsson-Syndrome

are allergic to miltefosine or any of the ingredients in IMPAVIDO. See the end of this leaflet for a list

of the ingredients in IMPAVIDO.

are a woman who can become pregnant and have not had a pregnancy test. Women who can get

pregnant must have a urine or blood pregnancy test before taking IMPAVIDO.

are a woman who can become pregnant and you are not willing to use effective birth control during

IMPAVIDO treatment and for 5 months after treatment

Before you take IMPAVIDO, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if

you:

have kidney or liver problems. Your healthcare provider should do blood tests to check your kidneys

and liver before you start, during and after your treatment with IMPAVIDO.

are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. IMPAVIDO may harm your unborn baby.

are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if IMPAVIDO passes into your breast milk.

Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby if you take IMPAVIDO. You

should avoid breastfeeding while you take IMPAVIDO and for 5 months after you stop taking

IMPAVIDO.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter

medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

How should I take IMPAVIDO?

Take IMPAVIDO exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to.

Complete your full 28 day IMPAVIDO treatment.

Take IMPAVIDO capsules whole. Do not break, crush, dissolve, or chew IMPAVIDO before

swallowing.

Take IMPAVIDO with food to help reduce stomach problems.

What are the possible side effects of IMPAVIDO?

IMPAVIDO may cause serious side effects, including:

See “What is the most important information I should know about IMPAVIDO?”

Fertility problems in male and female rats and abnormal menstrual cycle in female dogs. It is not

known if IMPAVIDO causes fertility problems in men or women

Testicular pain and absent or decreased ejaculation

Kidney and liver problems

Stomach problems. IMPAVIDO can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration. Call your healthcare

provider right away if you have severe vomiting and diarrhea that does not go away. Drink a lot of

water to help prevent dehydration while you are having vomiting and diarrhea.

Decreased effectiveness of oral contraceptive pills. Vomiting and diarrhea may cause your birth control

pills to be less effective at preventing pregnancy. Use an extra method of birth control, such as male

condoms with spermicide, until you are no longer having vomiting and diarrhea.

Decrease in platelets (which are blood cells that help blood clot).

Serious Skin Problems. IMPAVIDO can cause a serious skin problem called Stevens-Johnson

Syndrome. If you develop a skin rash with blisters while taking IMPAVIDO, stop taking IMPAVIDO

right away and call your healthcare provider.

The most common side effects of IMPAVIDO include: nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Other side effects

include abdominal pain, decreased appetite, dizziness, headache, sleepiness, skin itching, and abnormalities

in liver or kidney tests.

Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. These are

not all the possible side effects of IMPAVIDO. For more information, ask your healthcare provider.

You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How should I store IMPAVIDO?

Store IMPAVIDO at room temperature between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C).

Protect IMPAVIDO from moisture.

Keep IMPAVIDO and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about the safe and effective use of IMPAVIDO.

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in this Medication Guide. Do not use

IMPAVIDO for a condition for which it was not prescribed. This Medication Guide summarizes the most

important information about IMPAVIDO. If you would like more information, talk to your healthcare

provider or pharmacist. You can ask your healthcare or pharmacist for information about IMPAVIDO that is

written for health professionals. Do not give IMPAVIDO to other people, even if they have the same

symptoms that you have. For more information, go to www.IMPAVIDO.com or www.dailymed.nlm.nih.gov,

or call 1-866-588-5405.

What are the ingredients in IMPAVIDO?

Active ingredient: miltefosine

Inactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, microcrystalline cellulose, lactose monohydrate, talc, and

magnesium stearate. The capsule shell contains gelatin, titanium dioxide, ferric oxide, and purified water.

Distributed by: Profounda, Inc.

This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Issued: Oct 2015

PR034

Revised: 6/2019

Document Id: a7bab933-ab14-4e99-b3bf-7b7bc45eefd1

34391-3

Set id: bcb387ac-2e90-4f5e-94b2-d3635190678e

Version: 3

Effective Time: 20190605

Profounda, Inc.

IMPAVIDO- miltefosine capsule

Profounda, Inc.

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HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use IMPAVIDO safely and effectively. See full

prescribing information for IMPAVIDO.

IMPAVIDO (miltefosine) capsules, for oral use

Initial U.S. Approval: 2014

WARNING: EMBRYO-FETAL TOXICITY

See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.

IMPAVIDO may cause fetal harm. Fetal death and teratogenicity, occurred in animals administered

miltefosine at doses lower than the recommended human dose. Do not administer IMPAVIDO to

pregnant women. Obtain a serum or urine pregnancy test in females of reproductive potential prior to

prescribing IMPAVIDO.

Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during therapy and for 5 months

after therapy (4.1, 5.1, 8.1, 8.8, 13.1).

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

IMPAVIDO is an antileishmanial drug indicated in adults and adolescents ≥12 years of age weighing ≥30 kg (66 lbs) for

treatment of:

Limitations of use: Leishmania species evaluated in clinical trials were based on epidemiologic data. There may be

geographic variation in the response of the same Leishmania species to IMPAVIDO (1, 14). The efficacy of IMPAVIDO in

the treatment of other Leishmania species has not been evaluated.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Administer with food to ameliorate gastrointestinal adverse reactions.

DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Each IMPAVIDO capsule for oral use contains 50 mg miltefosine (3).

CONTRAINDICATIONS

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

Visceral leishmaniasis due to Leishmania donovani (1).

Cutaneous leishmaniasis due to Leishmania braziliensis, Leishmania guyanensis, and Leishmania panamensis (1).

Mucosal leishmaniasis due to Leishmania braziliensis (1).

30 to 44 kg: one 50 mg capsule twice daily for 28 consecutive days (2).

45 kg or greater: one 50 mg capsule three times daily for 28 consecutive days (2).

Pregnancy (4.1,8.1, 8.8, 13.1).

Sjögren-Larsson-Syndrome (4.2, 12.3).

Hypersensitivity to miltefosine or any of its excipients (4.3).

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity. Do not use in pregnant women. Obtain a urine or serum pregnancy test prior to initiation of

therapy. Advise use of effective contraception in females of reproductive potential (Boxed Warning, 5.1, 8.1, 8.8,

13.1).

Reproductive effects. Miltefosine caused testicular atrophy and impaired fertility in male rats and impaired fertility in

female rats. Advise patients of reproductive toxicities in animal studies and that the potential effects on human

fertility have not been adequately evaluated (13.1).

Renal Effects. Monitor serum creatinine during therapy and for 4 weeks after end of therapy (5.3, 6.1).

Hepatic Effects. Monitor transaminases and bilirubin during therapy (5.4, 6.1).

Gastrointestinal Effects. Encourage fluid intake (5.5).

Thrombocytopenia. Monitor platelet count during therapy for visceral leishmaniasis (5.6, 6.1).

Absorption of Oral Contraceptives. Advise use of alternative method of contraception if vomiting and/or diarrhea

occur (5.7).

ADVERSE REACTIONS

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Profounda, Inc. at 1-866-588-5405 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or

www.fda.gov/me dwatch.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION and Medication Guide.

Revised: 6/2019

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*

WARNING: EMBRYO-FETAL TOXICITY

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

4.1 Pregnancy

4.2 Sjögren-Larsson-Syndrome

4.3 Hypersensitivity

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

5.2 Reproductive Effects

5.3 Renal Effects

5.4 Hepatic Effects

5.5 Gastrointestinal Effects

5.6 Thrombocytopenia

5.7 Absorption of Oral Contraceptives

5.8 Stevens-Johnson Syndrome

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

6.2 Postmarketing Experience

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

8.3 Nursing Mothers

8.4 Pediatric Use

Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Discontinue IMPAVIDO (5.8).

Adverse reactions occurring in ≥2% of patients include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, decreased appetite,

dizziness, abdominal pain, pruritus, somnolence, elevated transaminases, and elevated creatinine (6.1).

IMPAVIDO did not inhibit human cytochrome P450 enzymes in vitro.

IMPAVIDO did not induce cytochrome 3A activity in rats (7, 12.3).

Pregnancy: IMPAVIDO should not be used during pregnancy. Obtain a urine or serum pregnancy test in females of

reproductive potential prior to prescribing (4.1, 5.1, 8.1, 8.8, 13.1).

Nursing Mothers: Discontinue drug or nursing depending on importance of drug to mother. Avoid breastfeeding for 5

months after IMPAVIDO therapy (8.3).

Females and Males of Reproductive Potential: Advise females to use effective contraception during therapy and for 5

months after therapy. Advise patients of reproductive toxicities in animals, and that the potential for impaired fertility

in humans has not been adequately evaluated (5.1, 5.2, 8.8).

8.5 Geriatric Use

8.6 Renal Impairment

8.7 Hepatic Impairment

8.8 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

10 OVERDOSAGE

11 DESCRIPTION

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

12.4 Microbiology

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

13.2 Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Treatment of Visceral Leishmaniasis

14.2 Treatment of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

14.3 Treatment of Mucosal Leishmaniasis

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

17.1 Dosing Instructions

17.2 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

WARNING: EMBRYO-FETAL TOXICITY

IMPAVIDO may cause fetal harm. Fetal death and teratogenicity occurred in animals

administered miltefosine at doses lower than the recommended human dose. Do not

administer IMPAVIDO to pregnant women. Obtain a serum or urine pregnancy test in

females of reproductive potential prior to prescribing IMPAVIDO. Females of reproductive

potential should be advised to use effective contraception during IMPAVIDO therapy and

for 5 months after therapy [see Contraindications (4.1), Warnings and Precautions (5.1), Use in

Specific Populations (8.1, 8.8) and Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

IMPAVIDO (miltefosine) capsules are indicated in adults and adolescents ≥12 years of age weighing ≥

30 kg for the treatment of:

Limitations of Use:

Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed.

Visceral leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania donovani [see Clinical Trials (14.1)].

Cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania braziliensis, Leishmania guyanensis, and Leishmania

panamensis [see Clinical Trials (14.2)].

Mucosal leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania braziliensis [see Clinical Trials (14.3)].

Leishmania species studied in clinical trials evaluating IMPAVIDO were based on epidemiologic

data [see Clinical Trials (14.1, 14.2)].

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

The treatment duration is 28 consecutive days. Administer with food to ameliorate gastrointestinal

adverse reactions.

Table 1: Miltefosine Dosage

Weight

Dosage and Administration

30 kg to 44 kg

One 50 mg capsule twice daily with food (breakfast

and dinner)

45 kg or greater

One 50 mg capsule three times daily with food

(breakfast, lunch, and dinner)

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

IMPAVIDO® (miltefosine) oral capsules are opaque, red, hard gelatin capsules with “PLB” imprinted

on the capsule body and “MILT 50” imprinted on the cap using a white ink. Each capsule contains 50 mg

miltefosine [see Description (11), How Supplied/Storage and Handling (16)].

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

4.1 Pregnancy

IMPAVIDO may cause fetal harm. IMPAVIDO is contraindicated in pregnant women. Obtain a urine or

serum pregnancy test prior to prescribing IMPAVIDO [see Boxed Warning and Use in Specific

Populations (8.1)].

4.2 Sjögren-Larsson-Syndrome

IMPAVIDO is contraindicated in patients who have Sjögren-Larsson-Syndrome [see Clinical

Pharmacology (12.3)].

4.3 Hypersensitivity

IMPAVIDO is contraindicated in patients who are hypersensitive to miltefosine or any IMPAVIDO

excipients.

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Miltefosine may cause fetal harm. Embryo-fetal toxicity, including death and teratogenicity, was

observed in animals administered miltefosine prior to mating, during early pregnancy, and during

organogenesis at doses lower than the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD). Do not use

IMPAVIDO in pregnant women. Obtain a urine or serum pregnancy test prior to prescribing IMPAVIDO

to females of reproductive potential. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective

contraception during IMPAVIDO therapy and for 5 months after completion of therapy [see Boxed

Warning, Contraindications (4.1) and Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.8)].

5.2 Reproductive Effects

There may be geographic variation in clinical response of the same Leishmania species to

IMPAVIDO [see Clinical Trials (14.1, 14.2)].

The efficacy of IMPAVIDO in the treatment of other Leishmania species has not been evaluated.

Females

Miltefosine caused impaired fertility in rats and reversible follicular atresia and diestrus in dogs at

doses approximately 1.0 and 0.2 times respectively the MRHD based on body surface area comparisons

[see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)]. Effects on human female fertility have not been formally studied.

Males

Miltefosine caused reduced viable sperm counts and impaired fertility in rats at doses approximately 0.4

times the MRHD [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)]. A higher dose in rats, approximately 1.0 times the

MRHD, caused testicular atrophy and impaired fertility that did not fully reverse 10 weeks after drug

administration ended.

Scrotal pain and decreased or absent ejaculation during therapy have been reported during IMPAVIDO

therapy [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)]. The effects of IMPAVIDO on human male fertility have not been

adequately studied.

Advise women and men of the animal fertility findings, and that the potential for impaired fertility with

IMPAVIDO therapy in humans has not been adequately evaluated.

5.3 Renal Effects

Elevations of serum creatinine (Cr) were noted in clinical trials evaluating IMPAVIDO in the treatment

of cutaneous, mucosal and visceral leishmaniasis. Monitor renal function weekly in patients receiving

IMPAVIDO during therapy and for 4 weeks after end of therapy [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

5.4 Hepatic Effects

Elevations in liver transaminases (ALT, AST) and bilirubin were noted in clinical trials evaluating

IMPAVIDO in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis. Monitor liver transaminases (ALT, AST) and

bilirubin during therapy in patients receiving IMPAVIDO [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

5.5 Gastrointestinal Effects

Vomiting and/or diarrhea commonly occur during IMPAVIDO administration and may result in volume

depletion. Encourage fluid intake to avoid volume depletion [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

5.6 Thrombocytopenia

Thrombocytopenia during therapy has been reported in patients treated for visceral leishmaniasis.

Monitor platelet count during therapy for visceral leishmaniasis [see Adverse Reactions (6.1, 6.2)].

5.7 Absorption of Oral Contraceptives

Vomiting and/or diarrhea occurring during IMPAVIDO therapy may affect the absorption of oral

contraceptives, and therefore compromise their efficacy. If vomiting and/or diarrhea occur during

IMPAVIDO therapy, advise females to use additional non-hormonal or alternative method(s) of

effective contraception.

5.8 Stevens-Johnson Syndrome

Stevens-Johnson syndrome has been reported during IMPAVIDO therapy. Discontinue IMPAVIDO if

an exfoliative or bullous rash is noted during therapy [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed

in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug

and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Visceral Leishmaniasis

One Phase 3 trial was conducted in patients ≥ 12 years of age in India. Two-hundred and ninety-nine

(299) patients (211 men and 88 women) received oral IMPAVIDO at a target dose of 2.5 mg/kg/day for

28 days (50 mg capsule once daily if weight was less than 25 kg and 50 mg capsule twice daily if

weight was 25 kg or greater). Patients ranged between 12 and 64 years of age. Weight ranged between

15 and 67 kg (mean weight 38.6 kg) and BMI ranged between 8.2 and 24 (mean 16.1). Ninety-nine (99)

patients received 1 mg/kg/day amphotericin B deoxycholate intravenously every other day for 15 doses.

A statistically significant higher percentage of men received IMPAVIDO compared to amphotericin B.

Less than 1% of patients who received IMPAVIDO died (2/299) and no patient who received

amphotericin B died. Serious adverse reactions were reported in 2% of IMPAVIDO recipients (6/299)

and 1% of amphotericin B recipients (1/99). Approximately 3% of patients discontinued treatment in

each treatment arm due to an adverse reaction. Serious adverse reactions and adverse reactions leading

to drug discontinuation that were thought to be related or possibly related to IMPAVIDO included

Stevens-Johnson syndrome, melena and thrombocytopenia, arthritis and skin rash, CTCAE Grade 4

diarrhea (≥10 stools per day) and CTCAE Grade 4 hyperbilirubinemia (≥10x upper limit of normal

ULN).

Table 2: Treatment Emergent Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥2% of Visceral Leishmaniasis

Patients Receiving IMPAVIDO

System Organ Class

Preferred Term

IMPAVIDO

N = 299

Amphotericin B

Deoxycholate

N = 99

Gastrointestinal Disorders

Diarrhea

61 (20.4%)

6 (6.1%)

Vomiting

113 (37.8%)

20 (20.0%)

General Disorders

Asthenia

19 (6.3%)

4 (4.0%)

Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders

Decreased Appetite

69 (23.1%)

22 (22.2%)

In this study, creatinine (Cr) elevations ≥ 1.5 times above baseline occurred in approximately 10% of

IMPAVIDO recipients and in 40% of amphotericin B recipients at the end of therapy. Ten percent of

subjects in each arm had Cr elevations ≥1.5 times above baseline at 6 months follow up. No IMPAVIDO

recipient discontinued therapy due to Cr elevation.

Elevations of transaminases during therapy occurred in up to half of IMPAVIDO recipients and up to a

third of amphotericin B recipients. The elevations were mild (< 3x ULN) or moderate (3-5x ULN) in

94% and 6% respectively of IMPAVIDO-treated patients who experienced an elevation. No patient

discontinued therapy due to elevations in transaminases.

At the end of therapy, 62% and 2.4% of IMPAVIDO recipients and 54% and 2% of amphotericin B

recipients had platelet count < 150,000 and < 50,000 respectively.

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

The efficacy of IMPAVIDO in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis was evaluated in one placebo-

controlled trial conducted in Colombia and Guatemala and in two comparative trials conducted in

Bolivia and Brazil respectively. In the placebo-controlled trial, eighty-nine (89) patients ≥12 years of

age received a target IMPAVIDO dose of 2.5 mg/kg/day for 28 days and forty-four (44) received

placebo. In the comparative trials, one hundred and twenty (120) patients ≥12 years of age received a

target IMPAVIDO dose of 2.5 mg/kg/day for 28 days and fifty eight (58) patients received 20 mg/kg/day

pentavalent antimony (meglumine) parenterally for 20 days.

Table 3: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥2% of IMPAVIDO-Treated Patients ≥12 Years of Age

with Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the Placebo-Controlled Trial

System Organ Class

Preferred Term

IMPAVIDO

N = 89

Placebo

N = 44

Ear and Labyrinth Disorders

Motion Sickness

26 (29.2%)

10 (22.7%)

Gastrointestinal Disorders

Abdominal Pain

10 (11.2%)

3 (6.8%)

Diarrhea

7 (7.9%)

2 (4.5%)

Nausea

32 (35.9%)

5 (11.1%)

Vomiting

4 (4.5%)

General and Administration Site Disorders

Malaise

3 (3.4%)

1 (2.3%)

Pyrexia

5 (5.6%)

2 (4.5%)

Nervous System Disorders

Dizziness

4 (4.5%)

Headache

25 (28.1%)

10 (22.7%)

Somnolence

3 (3.4%)

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders

Pruritus

4 (4.5%)

Table 4: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥2% of IMPAVIDO-Treated Patients ≥ 12 Years of

Age with Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Two Comparative Trials

System Organ Class

Preferred Term

IMPAVIDO

N = 120

Meglumine

N = 58

Gastrointestinal Disorders

Abdominal Pain

9 (7.5%)

3 (5.2%)

Diarrhea

18 (15.0%)

3 (5.2%)

Nausea

50 (41.7%)

3 (5.2%)

Vomiting

33 (27.5%)

Infections and Infestations

Lymphangitis

7 (5.8%)

Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders

Decreased Appetite

13 (10.8%)

4 (5.8%)

Nervous System Disorders

Dizziness

15 (12.5%)

4 (6.9%)

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders

Pruritus

7 (5.8%)

In the placebo controlled trial, 12/89 (13.4%) IMPAVIDO subjects had Cr increases of 1.5-3 times

above baseline, compared to 2/44 (4.5%) placebo subjects at end of therapy. In the comparative trial, a

similar percentage of subjects who received IMPAVIDO or pentavalent antimony had Cr elevations

above baseline at 3 and 6 months after therapy (approximately 5%). Approximately 25% of IMPAVIDO

subjects and 11% of pentavalent antimony subjects had Cr elevations 1.5-3 times above baseline at the

end of therapy in the two active controlled trials. The frequency of AST and ALT increase above upper

limit of normal at end of therapy was similar in IMPAVIDO and placebo recipients (approximately 5%).

Other adverse events seen at <2% incidence in the IMPAVIDO group included anemia,

lymphadenopathy, abdominal distension, constipation, dysphagia, flatulence, fatigue, malaise, abscess,

cellulitis, ecthyma, paresthesia, testicular pain, testicular swelling, Stevens-Johnson syndrome,

urticaria, rash, pyoderma.

6.2 Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during use of IMPAVIDO worldwide. Because

these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to

reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Blood and Lymphatics Disorders: thrombocytopenia, agranulocytosis

Gastrointestinal Disorders: melena

General Disorders: generalized edema, peripheral edema

Hepatobiliary Disorders: jaundice

Nervous System Disorders: seizure

Reproductive System and Breast Disorders: scrotal pain, decreased ejaculate volume, absent ejaculation.

Vascular Disorders: epistaxis

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

In vitro and animal metabolism studies showed that miltefosine did not markedly induce or inhibit the

activity of the major human cytochrome P450 enzymes [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. The potential

of miltefosine to interact with drug transporters has not been evaluated.

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category D

Risk Summary

IMPAVIDO may cause fetal harm. Human pregnancy data are not available, however, embryo-fetal

toxicity including death and teratogenicity, was observed in embryo-fetal studies in rats and rabbits

administered oral miltefosine during organogenesis at doses that were respectively 0.06 and 0.2 times

the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD), based on body surface area (BSA) comparison.

Numerous visceral and skeletal fetal malformations were observed in a fertility study in female rats

administered miltefosine prior to mating through day 7 of pregnancy at doses 0.3 times the MRHD. Do

not administer IMPAVIDO to pregnant women.

Clinical Considerations

During pregnancy, visceral leishmaniasis may be life-threatening for the mother and may result in

adverse fetal outcomes, including spontaneous abortion, congenital disease due to vertical transmission,

small for gestational age newborn, and severe anemia. During pregnancy, cutaneous leishmaniasis may

manifest with larger and atypical appearing lesions and may be associated with increased risk for

adverse fetal outcomes, including preterm births and stillbirths.

Animal Data

Miltefosine administration in rat embryo-fetal toxicity studies during early embryonic development (Day

Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events

6 to Day 15 of gestation) caused embryo-fetal toxicity including death and teratogenicity at dosages of

≥ 1.2 mg/kg/day (0.06 times the MRHD based on BSA comparison). Teratogenic effects included

undeveloped cerebrum, hemorrhagic fluid filling the lumina of the skull, cleft palate and generalized

edema. Embryo-fetal toxicity was also observed in rabbits after oral administration of miltefosine

during organogenesis (Day 6 to Day 18 of gestation) at doses ≥ 2.4 mg/kg/day (0.2 times the MRHD

based on BSA comparison). In both rats and rabbits, there were no viable litters at miltefosine doses ≥

6.0 mg/kg/day (0.3 or 0.6 times the MRHD based on BSA comparisons for rats and rabbits

respectively).

In a separate female fertility study in rats, miltefosine doses ≥ 6.81 mg/kg/day (0.3 times the MRHD

based on BSA comparison) administered for four weeks before mating and up to Day 7 of pregnancy

produced numerous visceral (misshapen cerebral structures, dilated ventricles filled with brown

masses, misshapen spinal cord, misshapen and malpositioned eyes, hypophysis, and absent inner ear) and

skeletal (cleft palate, dumbbell-shaped ossification of thoracic vertebral centers, markedly enlarged

skull bones, and markedly dilated suturae) fetal malformations. [see Contraindications (4.1), Nonclinical

Toxicology (13.1)].

8.3 Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether IMPAVIDO is present in human milk. Because many drugs are present in human

milk and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from IMPAVIDO, a

decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or discontinue the drug, taking into account the

importance of the drug to the mother. Breastfeeding should be avoided for 5 months after IMPAVIDO

therapy.

8.4 Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients < 12 years have not been established. Juvenile rats were

more sensitive to the miltefosine-induced effects, especially retinal and kidney effects, than adult rats

[see Indications and Usage (1)].

8.5 Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of IMPAVIDO did not include sufficient numbers of subjects 65 years of age and over

to determine if they respond differently than younger subjects.

8.6 Renal Impairment

Patients with serum creatinine or BUN levels ≥1.5 times the upper limit of normal were excluded from

the clinical studies. Miltefosine pharmacokinetics have not been studied in patients with renal

impairment.

8.7 Hepatic Impairment

Patients with serum levels of ALT or AST ≥3 times the upper limit of normal and bilirubin levels ≥2

times the upper limit of normal were excluded from the clinical studies. Miltefosine pharmacokinetics

have not been studied in patients with hepatic impairment.

8.8 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

Contraception

IMPAVIDO may cause fetal harm when used during pregnancy. Advise females of reproductive

potential to use effective contraception during IMPAVIDO therapy and for 5 months after therapy is

completed [see Boxed Warning, Warnings and Precautions (5.1) and Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

Vomiting and/or diarrhea occurring during IMPAVIDO therapy may affect absorption of oral

contraceptives and therefore may compromise their efficacy. Advise females who use oral

contraceptives to use additional non-hormonal or alternative method(s) of effective contraception during

IMPAVIDO therapy if vomiting and/or diarrhea occurs during therapy [see Warnings and Precautions

(5.7)].

Infertility

Females

Miltefosine caused impaired fertility in rats and caused reversible follicular atresia and diestrus in dogs

at doses approximately 1.0 and 0.2 times respectively the MRHD [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2),

Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)]. The effects of IMPAVIDO on human female fertility have not been

formally studied.

Males

Miltefosine caused reduced viable sperm counts and impaired fertility in rats at doses approximately 0.4

times the MRHD [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2), Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)]. A higher dose in

rats, approximately 1.0 times the MRHD, caused testicular atrophy and impaired fertility that did not

fully reverse 10 weeks after drug administration ended. The effects of IMPAVIDO on human male

fertility have not been adequately studied.

Advise women and men of the animal fertility findings, and that the potential for impaired fertility with

IMPAVIDO therapy has not been adequately evaluated.

10 OVERDOSAGE

The common adverse effects of vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain are likely in case of overdose.

Institute adequate hydration to prevent the risk of impaired renal function, and replace electrolytes as

necessary. Because miltefosine is only slightly excreted in the urine, forced diuresis will not increase

miltefosine excretion. Gastrointestinal lavage is of unknown value. A specific antidote to treat

miltefosine overdose is not known.

11 DESCRIPTION

IMPAVIDO capsules contain the active ingredient miltefosine, an antileishmanial agent. The chemical

name of miltefosine is 2-[[(hexadecyloxy)hydroxyphosphenyl]oxy]-N,N,N-trimethylethylammonium

inner salt. Miltefosine is a white powder that is freely soluble in water, 0.1 N HCl or NaOH, methanol,

and ethanol. It has the empirical formula of C

H NO P with a molecular weight of 407.6 and the

following structural formula:

The inactive ingredients are colloidal silicon dioxide, microcrystalline cellulose, lactose monohydrate,

talc, and magnesium stearate. The capsule shell contains gelatin, titanium dioxide, ferric oxide, and

purified water.

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

Miltefosine is an anti-leishmanial agent [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.4)].

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

The pharmacokinetic parameters of miltefosine in patients with visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis

treated for 28 days with IMPAVIDO are listed in Table 5. Due to the long half-life of miltefosine (> 6

days), trough plasma concentrations did not appear to reach a steady state at the end of treatment (i.e.,

Day 28).

Table 5: Mean (%CV) Pharmacokinetic Parameters for Miltefosine Following Oral Capsule

Administration to Adult Patients with Visceral and Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

a: Adolescent (≥12 years)/Adults, mean dose per kg was 3.1 mg/kg/day

b: Adolescent (≥12 years)/Adults, mean dose per kg was 3.6 mg/kg/day

c: Adults, mean dose per kg was 1.8 mg/kg/day

d: median (range)

e: AUC

for BID, AUC

for TID

f: t

α = distribution phase half-life; t

= terminal elimination phase half-life

g: Estimates based on a population PK model

h: mean (% standard error)

Dos e

C

(µg/mL)

T

(hr)

AUC

(µg·hr/mL)

t

(day)

t

(day)

Visceral

Leishmaniasis

(on Day 23)

50 mg BID (4 wks)

66.2 (28.5)

7(2-12)

636 (26.7)

(31.1)

50 mg BID (1 wk)/

50 mg TID (3 wks)

75.9 (17.6)

4 (2-8)

486 (18.1)

(28.9)

Cutaneous

Leishmaniasis

(on Day 27)

50 mg TID (4 wks)

37.3 (22)

295 (22)

(5.8)

30.7

(18.3)

Absorption

Absolute bioavailability of miltefosine has not been determined. In patients with visceral leishmaniasis,

maximum miltefosine concentrations following oral administration of IMPAVIDO capsules were

reached right before the next dose in many patients, indicating that the absorption of miltefosine may

proceed throughout the dosing interval.

Distribution

The distribution of miltefosine has not been studied in humans. Human plasma protein binding of

miltefosine, evaluated by an ultracentrifugation method, was 98% over the drug concentration range

from 0.1 to 10 µg/mL. In rats, radioactivity of [

C] miltefosine is widely distributed after both single

and repeated oral administration with highest uptake of radioactivity in kidney, liver, and spleen.

Placental transfer and excretion into milk have not been investigated.

Metabolism and Excretion

No in vitro oxidative metabolism by 15 different human cytochrome P450 enzymes (1A1, 1A2, 1B1,

2A6, 2B6, 2C8, 2C9, 2C18, 2C19, 2D6, 2E1, 3A4, 3A5, 3A7, and 4A1) was observed.

A slow metabolic breakdown could be shown in human hepatocytes, resulting in the release of choline

by phospholipase D-like cleavage of the miltefosine molecule. The fatty alcohol-containing fragment

of miltefosine can enter the metabolism of fatty acids after being oxidized to palmitic acid. This

oxidation is blocked in patients with Sjögren-Larsson syndrome, which is caused by a genetic defect in

fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase activity. IMPAVIDO is contraindicated in patients who have Sjögren-

Larsson-Syndrome [see Contraindications (4.2)].

There was little or no evidence of time or metabolism dependent inhibition of the cytochrome P450

enzymes examined at up to approximately 40 µg/mL miltefosine.

Oral administration of miltefosine did not markedly induce the content of hepatic CYP3A assayed by

0-12h

0-8h

1/2,

1/2,β

max

max

d

tau

e

1/2,α

f

1/2,β

g

demethylation activity of erythromycin in rats.

In visceral leishmaniasis patients, <0.2% of the administered dose was excreted into the urine.

12.4 Microbiology

Mechanism of Action

The specific mode of action of miltefosine against Leishmania species is unknown. The mechanism of

action of miltefosine is likely to involve interaction with lipids (phospholipids and sterols), including

membrane lipids, inhibition of cytochrome c oxidase (mitochondrial function), and apoptosis-like cell

death.

Activity In Vitro and In Vivo

Miltefosine has anti-leishmanial activity in vitro and in clinical infections [see Clinical Studies (14)].

Sensitivity of different Leishmania species as well as different strains of a Leishmania species to

miltefosine may vary in different geographic regions.

Drug Resistance

In vitro studies show a potential for development of resistance to miltefosine. Some strains of L.

braziliensis with intrinsic resistance to miltefosine have been identified. However, the clinical relevance

of these observations is not known.

Drug resistance could be due to a decrease in miltefosine accumulation within Leishmania parasite

which is thought to be due to either an increase in drug efflux, mediated by the overexpression of the

ABC transporter P-glycoprotein and/or a decrease in drug uptake by the inactivation of the miltefosine

transport machinery that consists of the miltefosine transporter and its beta subunit. Mutation in the

transporter gene was reported in the isolates from a relapsed patient in one study. However, the clinical

relevance of these findings is not known.

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Mutagenicity/Carcinogenicity: Miltefosine tested negative in the AMES-Salmonella test, DNA-

amplification test, chromosomal aberration test in vitro, UDS-test in vivo/in vitro, and oral mouse

micronucleus test in vivo. The V 79 mammalian cell HPRT gene mutation test showed an increase in

mutant frequency without dose dependency. In view of all mutagenicity test results, the single positive

finding in the V 79 HPRT test is considered to be not of toxicological relevance with respect to a

mutagenic risk to humans.

Carcinogenicity studies were not performed. In a 52-week oral rat toxicity study, testicular Leydig cell

adenoma was observed in 3 of 30 male rats with daily administration of 21.5 mg/kg/day miltefosine (1.0

times the MRHD based on BSA comparison). The carcinogenic potential of miltefosine in humans is

unknown.

In a Segment I fertility study in male rats, testicular atrophy, reduced numbers of viable sperm, and

impaired fertility were observed in rats following daily oral doses of ≥ 8.25 mg/kg (0.4 times the

MRHD based on BSA comparison). These findings were reversible within a recovery period of 10

weeks except at the highest dose tested, 21.5 mg/kg/day (1.0 times the MRHD based on BSA

comparison), where effects were not fully reversible.

In a female fertility study in rats, estrus cycle arrest in the metestrus or diestrus phases occurred with

the high-dose of 21.5 mg/kg (1.0 times the MRHD based on BSA comparison). At doses of 6.81 and

21.5 mg/kg (0.3 and 1.0 times the MRHD respectively based on BSA comparison) increased numbers of

embryonic and fetal resorptions and dead fetuses were observed. In a 52-week toxicology study in

dogs, increased numbers of atretic follicles in the ovaries, and cycle arrest in the uterus, vagina, and

mammary gland with morphology consistent with anestrus or diestrus was observed at doses ≥ 1

mg/kg/day (0.2 times the MRHD based on BSA comparison). The effects in dogs were fully reversible

after a recovery period of 6 weeks.

13.2 Animal Toxicology and/or Pharmacology

Toxicological studies with miltefosine have been performed in mice, rats, dogs, and rabbits. Adverse

reactions not observed in clinical studies but seen in animals at exposure levels similar to clinical

exposure levels and with possible relevance to clinical use were as follows:

Acute and chronic toxicity: The oral administration of miltefosine in rats was associated with lesions

affecting the eyes (retinal degeneration). Retinal degeneration was observed after 8-weeks treatment at

doses of 10 mg/kg/day (0.5 times the MRHD based on BSA comparison). Juvenile rats were more

sensitive to the miltefosine-induced effects, especially on eyes and kidneys, than adult rats with retinal

degeneration occurring at doses ≥ 2.15 mg/kg/day (0.1 times the MRHD based on BSA comparison), and

reversible damage to proximal tubule epithelium occurring at doses ≥ 4.64 mg/kg/day (0.2 times the

MRHD based on BSA comparison).

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Treatment of Visceral Leishmaniasis

One randomized, open-label, active-controlled study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of

IMPAVIDO in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis in Bihar, India, an area where L. donovani is

known epidemiologically to be the prevalent infecting species. Patients ≥ 12 years of age with clinical

signs and symptoms compatible with visceral leishmaniasis (fever, splenomegaly, and cytopenia)

confirmed by the presence of Leishmania amastigotes in aspirates of spleen or bone marrow were

randomized to receive oral IMPAVIDO or intravenous amphotericin B deoxycholate in a 3:1 ratio.

Patients weighing ≥ 25 kg received an IMPAVIDO 50 mg capsule with meals twice a day. Patients

weighing < 25 kg received an IMPAVIDO 50 mg capsule with meals once a day in the morning. Weight

ranged between 15 and 67 kg (mean weight 38.6 kg) and BMI ranged between 8.2 and 24 (mean 16.1). No

patient weighed more than 70kg. Amphotericin B was administered intravenously over 6 continuous

hours at 1 mg/kg every other day for 15 doses. Patients were hospitalized for the duration of therapy.

Exclusion criteria included platelet count <50 × 10 /L, white cell count <1 × 10 /L, hemoglobin <6

g/100 mL, AST or ALT ≥3 times upper limit of the normal range, bilirubin ≥2 times upper limit of the

normal range, serum creatinine or BUN >1.5 times upper limit of the normal range, prothrombin time

>5 seconds above control, and any non-compensated or uncontrolled condition including human

immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Women of reproductive potential were required to use

effective contraception for the duration of therapy and for 2 months post therapy.

Final cure was defined as initial cure at end of therapy plus absence of signs and symptoms of visceral

leishmaniasis at 6 months follow up. Initial cure at the end of therapy was evaluated by repeat spleen or

bone marrow aspiration. Patients with initial parasitologic cure were followed for 6 months; patients

without absence of clinical signs and symptoms of visceral leishmaniasis were to be evaluated with

repeat spleen or bone marrow aspiration to determine final cure.

Two hundred and ninety nine (299) patients received IMPAVIDO and 99 patients received amphotericin

B. Approximately, 70% of patients in each arm had previously failed treatment with pentavalent

antimony. Initial cure was achieved in 98% of patients in each treatment arm. At 6 months after therapy,

88 (29.5%) IMPAVIDO recipients and 12 (12.1%) amphotericin B recipients continued to have signs

and symptoms suggestive of visceral leishmaniasis. These signs or symptoms were attributed to

alternative diagnosis in 73 patients. The remaining 27 patients, all in the IMPAVIDO arm, underwent

evaluation with splenic or bone marrow aspiration, and 9 (3.0%) were positive for Leishmania

amastigotes, indicating relapse. The final cure rates for IMPAVIDO and amphotericin B were 94% and

97%, respectively.

Table 6: Efficacy of IMPAVIDO in Visceral Leishmaniasis in

Patients ≥12 years of Age in India

IMPAVIDO

N = 299

Amphotericin B

Deoxycholate

N = 99

End of therapy

Initial Cure

293 (98%)

97 (98%)

6 months after therapy

Final Cure

282 (94%)

96 (97%)

Treatment

Failure

9 (3%)

0 (0)

Assessable

8 (3%)

3 (3%)

14.2 Treatment of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

A placebo controlled study was performed in Colombia where L. panamensis and L. braziliensis are

epidemiologically known to be the prevalent infecting Leishmania species, and in Guatemala where L.

braziliensis is epidemiologically known to be the prevalent infecting species. The study included male

and female patients older than 12 years of age who had newly diagnosed or relapsing cutaneous

leishmaniasis without mucosal involvement, parasitologically confirmed, presenting with at least one

skin ulcer with minimum area of 50 mm . Exclusion criteria were AST or ALT ≥2 times upper limit of

normal range, bilirubin ≥1.5 times upper limit of normal range, and serum creatinine or BUN >1.5 times

upper limit of normal range. Women of reproductive potential were required to use effective

contraception for the duration of therapy and for 2 months post therapy.

Patients were randomized to receive IMPAVIDO or placebo in a 2:1 allocation. Patients who weighed <

45 kg received IMPAVIDO 50 mg capsule twice a day, and patients who weighed ≥45 kg received

IMPAVIDO 50 mg capsule three times a day. No patient weighed more than 84 kg. Definite cure was

defined as apparent (complete epithelialization of all lesions) or partial cure (incomplete

epithelialization, no enlargement by > 50% in lesions, no appearance of new lesions, and negative

parasitology if done) at 2 weeks after end of therapy and complete epithelialization of all ulcers at 6

months after end of therapy. The definite cure rate for IMPAVIDO was statistically significantly higher

than the cure rate for placebo.

Table 7: Efficacy of IMPAVIDO Compared to Placebo in the Treatment of Cutaneous

Leishmaniasis in Colombia and Guatemala

IMPAVIDO

Placebo

Definite Cure

59/89 (66%)

13/44 (30%)

Colombia

40/49 (82%)

9/24 (38%)

Guatemala

19/40 (48%)

4/20 (20%)

An additional study of IMPAVIDO was conducted in Bahia and Manaus, two regions in Brazil where

respectively L. braziliensis and L. guyanensis are epidemiologically the prevalent infecting pathogens.

Adolescent/adult patients aged 12-65 years received IMPAVIDO orally for 28 days. IMPAVIDO target

dose was 2.5 mg/kg/day: patients weighing 15-29 kg received 50 mg once daily, patients weighing 30-

45 kg received 50 twice mg daily and patients weighing > 46 kg received 50 mg three times daily. The

The 95% exact confidence interval for the difference (IV Amphotericin

B – IMPAVIDO) in final cure is (-3.0%, 6.8%).

The difference (95% CI) between groups is 36.8% (20.1%, 53.4 %) with P-value<0.0001.

efficacy criteria were initial cure (complete re-epithelialization of the ulcer at 2 months after the end of

therapy) followed by definite cure (complete re-epithelialization at 6 months after the end of therapy).

Definite cure rate in patients aged ≥12 years was 27/40 (67.5%) for Manaus, Brazil and 34/40 (85%) for

Bahia, Brazil.

14.3 Treatment of Mucosal Leishmaniasis

A single arm study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of IMPAVIDO capsules for the treatment of

mucosal leishmaniasis. The study was conducted in Bolivia where L. braziliensis is epidemiologically

the prevalent species.

Seventy nine (79) patients ≥18 years of age with a cutaneous leishmaniasis scar plus parasites observed

or cultured from lesion material or a positive skin test, and no clinically significant concomitant disease

received miltefosine at a target dose of 2.5 mg/kg/day for 28 days. By 12 months after the end of

therapy, 49 of the patients (62%) had complete resolution of edema, erythema, infiltration and erosion

from the involved mucosal sites.

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

Each IMPAVIDO capsule contains 50 mg miltefosine in an opaque, red, hard gelatin capsule.

IMPAVIDO capsules are supplied in a folded peel/push-through child-resistant blister card. Each

blister card contains 14 capsules. Each carton contains two blister cards (NDC 69051-300-01).

Store at 20-25 °C (68-77 °F); excursions permitted to 15-30 °C (59-86 °F). [See USP Controlled Room

Temperature]. Protect from moisture.

Dispense only in the original carton.

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

See the FDA-approved Medication Guide

17.1 Dosing Instructions

17.2 Females and Males of Reproductive Potential

IMPAVIDO is administered with food to ameliorate gastrointestinal side effects.

Instruct the patient to swallow the capsule whole and not to chew it or break it apart. Instruct the

patient to complete the full course of therapy.

Inform the patient that abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are common side effects of

therapy with IMPAVIDO and instruct the patient to inform their healthcare provider if these

gastrointestinal side effects are severe or persistent. Instruct the patient to consume sufficient

fluids to avoid dehydration and, consequently, the risk of kidney injury.

Advise women of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during IMPAVIDO

therapy and for 5 months after therapy ends [see Boxed Warning and Use in Specific Populations

(8.1, 8.8)].

Advise women who use oral contraceptives to use additional non-hormonal or alternative

method(s) of effective contraception during IMPAVIDO therapy if vomiting and/or diarrhea

occurs [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7) and Use in Specific Populations (8.8)].

Advise nursing mothers not to breastfeed during IMPAVIDO therapy and for 5 months after

therapy is completed [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].

Advise women and men that IMPAVIDO caused infertility in male rats, impaired fertility in female

rats, and caused atresia in ovarian follicles in female dogs. Advise patients that the potential of

impaired fertility in humans has not been adequately evaluated [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)

Distributed by:

Profounda, Inc.

10501 S Orange Ave, STE 124

Orlando, FL 32824

Revised 06/2019

® Trademark of Profounda, Inc.

700013517

PR033

Medication Guide

IMPAVIDO® (Im-PA-vee-do)

(miltefosine)

Capsules

Read this Medication Guide before you receive IMPAVIDO. This information does not take the place

of talking to your healthcare provider about you medical condition or treatment.

What is the most important information I should know about IMPAVIDO?

IMPAVIDO may cause serious risks to pregnancy:

What is IMPAVIDO?

IMPAVIDO is prescription medicine used to treat certain types of leishmaniasis:

It is not known if IMPAVIDO is safe and effective in children under 12 years of age.

Who should not take IMPAVIDO? Do not take IMPAVIDO if you:

impaired fertility in humans has not been adequately evaluated [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)

and Use in Specific Populations (8.8)].

Do not take IMPAVIDO if you are pregnant. If you take IMPAVIDO during pregnancy, your baby

is at risk for death or serious birth defects.

Women who can become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) during

IMPAVIDO treatment and for 5 months after stopping IMPAVIDO treatment. Discuss with your

healthcare provider which birth control method is right for you.

If you become pregnant while taking IMPAVIDO, tell your healthcare provider right away. Talk

to your healthcare provider about taking part in the IMPAVIDO Pregnancy Registry. This is a

study to learn how IMPAVIDO affects pregnancy and babies. You can enroll in this registry by

calling 1-866-588-5405.

visceral leishmaniasis (affecting your internal organs)

cutaneous leishmaniasis (affecting the skin)

mucosal leishmaniasis (affecting the nose, mouth and throat)

Before you take IMPAVIDO, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions,

including if you:

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-

counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

How should I take IMPAVIDO?

What are the possible side effects of IMPAVIDO?

IMPAVIDO may cause serious side effects, including:

See “What is the most important information I should know about IMPAVIDO?”

are pregnant

have Sjögren-Larsson-Syndrome

are allergic to miltefosine or any of the ingredients in IMPAVIDO. See the end of this leaflet for

a list of the ingredients in IMPAVIDO.

are a woman who can become pregnant and have not had a pregnancy test. Women who can get

pregnant must have a urine or blood pregnancy test before taking IMPAVIDO.

are a woman who can become pregnant and you are not willing to use effective birth control

during IMPAVIDO treatment and for 5 months after treatment

have kidney or liver problems. Your healthcare provider should do blood tests to check your

kidneys and liver before you start, during and after your treatment with IMPAVIDO.

are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. IMPAVIDO may harm your unborn baby.

are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if IMPAVIDO passes into your breast milk.

Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby if you take IMPAVIDO.

You should avoid breastfeeding while you take IMPAVIDO and for 5 months after you stop taking

IMPAVIDO.

Take IMPAVIDO exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to.

Complete your full 28 day IMPAVIDO treatment.

Take IMPAVIDO capsules whole. Do not break, crush, dissolve, or chew IMPAVIDO before

swallowing.

Take IMPAVIDO with food to help reduce stomach problems.

Fertility problems in male and female rats and abnormal menstrual cycle in female dogs. It is

not known if IMPAVIDO causes fertility problems in men or women

Testicular pain and absent or decreased ejaculation

Kidney and liver problems

Stomach problems. IMPAVIDO can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration. Call your

healthcare provider right away if you have severe vomiting and diarrhea that does not go away.

Drink a lot of water to help prevent dehydration while you are having vomiting and diarrhea.

Decreased effectiveness of oral contraceptive pills. Vomiting and diarrhea may cause your birth

control pills to be less effective at preventing pregnancy. Use an extra method of birth control,

such as male condoms with spermicide, until you are no longer having vomiting and diarrhea.

Decrease in platelets (which are blood cells that help blood clot).

Serious Skin Problems. IMPAVIDO can cause a serious skin problem called Stevens-Johnson

Syndrome. If you develop a skin rash with blisters while taking IMPAVIDO, stop taking

IMPAVIDO right away and call your healthcare provider.

The most common side effects of IMPAVIDO include: nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Other side

effects include abdominal pain, decreased appetite, dizziness, headache, sleepiness, skin itching, and

abnormalities in liver or kidney tests.

Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of IMPAVIDO. For more information, ask your healthcare

provider.

You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How should I store IMPAVIDO?

Keep IMPAVIDO and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about the safe and effective use of IMPAVIDO.

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in this Medication Guide. Do

not use IMPAVIDO for a condition for which it was not prescribed. This Medication Guide summarizes

the most important information about IMPAVIDO. If you would like more information, talk to your

healthcare provider or pharmacist. You can ask your healthcare or pharmacist for information about

IMPAVIDO that is written for health professionals. Do not give IMPAVIDO to other people, even if

they have the same symptoms that you have. For more information, go to www.IMPAVIDO.com or

www.dailymed.nlm.nih.gov, or call 1-866-588-5405.

What are the ingredients in IMPAVIDO?

Active ingredient: miltefosine

Inactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, microcrystalline cellulose, lactose monohydrate, talc,

and magnesium stearate. The capsule shell contains gelatin, titanium dioxide, ferric oxide, and purified

water.

Distributed by: Profounda, Inc.

This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Issued: Oct 2015

PR034

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - Carton

Store IMPAVIDO at room temperature between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C).

Protect IMPAVIDO from moisture.

Carton

NDC 69051-300-01 28 Capsules

Impavido

(miltefosine) capsules

50 mg per Capsule

Rx only PROFOUNDA

Contains 2 blister cards, 14 blisters per card, 1 capsule per blister.

Active ingredient: miltefosine

Inactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, lactose monohydrate,

magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, talc. The capsule shell

contains gelatin, titanium dioxide, ferric oxide and purified water.

Usual dosage: see enclosed package insert for complete

prescribing information.

Keep out of reach of children.

Store at 20-25 °C (68-77 °F); excursions permitted

to 15-30 °C (59-86 °F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].

Distributed by:

Profounda, Inc.

10501 S Orange Ave, STE 124

Orlando, Florida 32824

Impavido

(miltefosine) capsules

50 mg per Capsule

NDC 69051-300-01

28 Capsules

Lot:

Exp. Date:

IMPAVIDO

miltefosine capsule

Product Information

Product T ype

HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG

Ite m Code (Source )

NDC:6 9 0 51-30 0

Route of Administration

ORAL

Active Ingredient/Active Moiety

Ingredient Name

Basis of Strength

Stre ng th

MILTEFO SINE (UNII: 53EY29 W7EC) (MILTEFOSINE - UNII:53EY29 W7EC)

MILTEFOSINE

50 mg

®

®

®

Profounda, Inc.

Inactive Ingredients

Ingredient Name

Stre ng th

SILICO N DIO XIDE (UNII: ETJ7Z6 XBU4)

MICRO CRYSTALLINE CELLULO SE (UNII: OP1R32D6 1U)

LACTO SE MO NO HYDRATE (UNII: EWQ57Q8 I5X)

TALC (UNII: 7SEV7J4R1U)

MAGNESIUM STEARATE (UNII: 70 0 9 7M6 I30 )

GELATIN, UNSPECIFIED (UNII: 2G8 6 QN327L)

TITANIUM DIO XIDE (UNII: 15FIX9 V2JP)

FERRIC O XIDE RED (UNII: 1K0 9 F3G6 75)

WATER (UNII: 0 59 QF0 KO0 R)

Product Characteristics

Color

RED (o paque)

S core

no sco re

S hap e

CAPSULE

S iz e

18 mm

Flavor

Imprint Code

Contains

Packag ing

#

Item Code

Package Description

Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date

1

NDC:6 9 0 51-30 0 -0 1 2 in 1 CARTON

10 /29 /20 15

1

14 in 1 BLISTER PACK; Type 0 : No t a Co mbinatio n Pro duct

Marketing Information

Marke ting Cate gory

Application Numbe r or Monograph Citation

Marke ting Start Date

Marke ting End Date

NDA20 46 8 4

10 /29 /20 15

Labeler -

Profounda, Inc. (078862060)

Revised: 6/2019

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