EZETIMIBE- ezetimibe tablet

United States - English - NLM (National Library of Medicine)

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Active ingredient:
EZETIMIBE (UNII: EOR26LQQ24) (EZETIMIBE - UNII:EOR26LQQ24)
Available from:
REMEDYREPACK INC.
Administration route:
ORAL
Prescription type:
PRESCRIPTION DRUG
Therapeutic indications:
Therapy with lipid-altering agents should be only one component of multiple risk factor intervention in individuals at significantly increased risk for atherosclerotic vascular disease due to hypercholesterolemia. Drug therapy is indicated as an adjunct to diet when the response to a diet restricted in saturated fat and cholesterol and other nonpharmacologic measures alone has been inadequate. Monotherapy Ezetimibe Tablets, administered alone, is indicated as adjunctive therapy to diet for the reduction of elevated total cholesterol (total-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apolipoprotein B (Apo B), and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) in patients with primary (heterozygous familial and non-familial) hyperlipidemia. Combination Therapy with HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors (Statins) Ezetimibe Tablets, administered in combination with a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor (statin), is indicated as adjunctive therapy to diet for the reduction of elev
Product summary:
Ezetimibe Tablets, USP 10 mg, are white to off white capsule shaped, flat faced, beveled edge tablets, debossed with ‘A25’ on one side and plain on other side. They are supplied as follows: NDC 67877-490-30 bottles of 30 NDC 67877-490-90 bottles of 90 NDC 67877-490-01 bottles of 100 NDC 67877-490-05 bottles of 500 NDC 67877-490-55 bottles of 5000. Storage   Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted between 15 to 30°C (59 to 86°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from moisture.
Authorization status:
Abbreviated New Drug Application
Authorization number:
70518-2262-0

EZETIMIBE- ezetimibe tablet

REMEDYREPACK INC.

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HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use EZETIMIBE TABLETS safely and

effectively. See full prescribing information for EZETIMIBE TABLETS.

EZETIMIBE tablets, for oral use.

Initial U.S. Approval: 2002

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Ezetimibe Tablet is an inhibitor of intestinal cholesterol (and related phytosterol) absorption indicated as an adjunct to diet

Reduce elevated total-C, LDL-C, Apo B, and non-HDL-C in patients with primary hyperlipidemia, alone or in combination

with an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor (statin) (1.1)

Reduce elevated total-C, LDL-C, Apo B, and non-HDL-C in patients with mixed hyperlipidemia in combination with

fenofibrate (1.1)

Reduce elevated total-C and LDL-C in patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH), in combination

with atorvastatin or simvastatin (1.2)

Reduce elevated sitosterol and campesterol in patients with homozygous sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia) (1.3)

Limitations of Use ( 1.4)

The effect of Ezetimibe Tablets on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality has not been determined.

Ezetimibe Tablets has not been studied in Fredrickson Type I, III, IV, and V dyslipidemias.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

One 10-mg tablet once daily, with or without food ( 2.1)

Dosing of Ezetimibe Tablets should occur either ≥2 hours before or ≥4 hours after administration of a bile acid

sequestrant. ( 2.3, 7.4)

DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Tablets: 10 mg ( 3)

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Statin contraindications apply when Ezetimibe Tablet is used with a statin:

Active liver disease, which may include unexplained persistent elevations in hepatic transaminase levels ( 4, 5.2)

Women who are pregnant or may become pregnant ( 4, 8.1)

Nursing mothers ( 4, 8.3)

Known hypersensitivity to product components ( 4, 6.2)

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

Ezetimibe Tablet is not recommended in patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment. ( 5.4, 8.7, 12.3)

Liver enzyme abnormalities and monitoring: Persistent elevations in hepatic transaminase can occur when Ezetimibe

Tablet is added to a statin. Therefore, when Ezetimibe Tablet is added to statin therapy, monitor hepatic transaminase

levels before and during treatment according to the recommendations for the individual statin used. ( 5.2)

Skeletal muscle effects (e.g., myopathy and rhabdomyolysis):

Cases of myopathy and rhabdomyolysis have been reported in patients treated with Ezetimibe Tablets co-

administered with a statin and with Ezetimibe Tablets administered alone. Risk for skeletal muscle toxicity increases

with higher doses of statin, advanced age (>65), hypothyroidism, renal impairment, and depending on the statin used,

concomitant use of other drugs. ( 5.3, 6.2)

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Common adverse reactions in clinical trials:

Ezetimibe Tablets co-administered with a statin (incidence ≥2% and greater than statin alone):

nasopharyngitis, myalgia, upper respiratory tract infection, arthralgia, and diarrhea ( 6)

Ezetimibe Tablets administered alone (incidence ≥2% and greater than placebo):

Upper respiratory tract infection, diarrhea, arthralgia, sinusitis, and pain in extremity ( 6)

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Ascend Laboratories, LLC at 1-877-ASC-RX01 (877-

272-7901) or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Cyclosporine: Combination increases exposure of Ezetimibe Tablets and cyclosporine. Cyclosporine concentrations

should be monitored in patients taking Ezetimibe Tablets concomitantly. ( 7.1, 12.3)

Fenofibrate: Combination increases exposure of Ezetimibe Tablets. If cholelithiasis is suspected in a patient receiving

Ezetimibe Tablets and fenofibrate, gallbladder studies are indicated and alternative lipid-lowering therapy should be

considered. ( 6.1, 7.3)

Fibrates: Co-administration of Ezetimibe Tablets with fibrates other than fenofibrate is not recommended until use in

patients is adequately studied. ( 7.2)

Cholestyramine: Combination decreases exposure of Ezetimibe Tablets. ( 2.3, 7.4, 12.3)

See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION.

Revised: 8/2019

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*

1 INDICATIONS & USAGE

1.1 Primary Hyperlipidemia

1.2 Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia (HoFH)

1.3 Homozygous Sitosterolemia

1.4 Limitations of Use

2 DOSAGE & ADMINISTRATION

2.1 General Dosing Information

2.2 Concomitant Lipid-Lowering Therapy

2.3 Co-Administration with Bile Acid Sequestrants

2.4 Patients with Hepatic Impairment

2.5 Patients with Renal Impairment

2.6 Geriatric Patients

3 DOSAGE FORMS & STRENGTHS

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Use with Statins or Fenofibrate

5.2 Liver Enzymes

5.3 Myopathy/Rhabdomyolysis

5.4 Hepatic Impairment

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

6.2 Post-Marketing Experience

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

7.1 Cyclosporine

7.2 Fibrates

7.3 Fenofibrate

7.4 Cholestyramine

7.5 Coumarin Anticoagulants

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

8.3 Nursing Mothers

8.4 Pediatric Use

8.5 Geriatric Use

8.6 Renal Impairment

8.7 Hepatic Impairment

10 OVERDOSAGE

11 DESCRIPTION

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis & Impairment Of Fertility

13.2 Animal Pharmacology & OR Toxicology

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Primary Hyperlipidemia

14.2 Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia (HoFH)

14.3 Homozygous Sitosterolemia (Phytosterolemia)

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed.

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

1 INDICATIONS & USAGE

Therapy with lipid-altering agents should be only one component of multiple risk factor intervention in

individuals at significantly increased risk for atherosclerotic vascular disease due to

hypercholesterolemia. Drug therapy is indicated as an adjunct to diet when the response to a diet

restricted in saturated fat and cholesterol and other nonpharmacologic measures alone has been

inadequate.

1.1 Primary Hyperlipidemia

Monotherapy

Ezetimibe Tablets, administered alone, is indicated as adjunctive therapy to diet for the reduction of

elevated total cholesterol (total-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apolipoprotein B

(Apo B), and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) in patients with primary

(heterozygous familial and non-familial) hyperlipidemia.

Combination Therapy with HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors (Statins)

Ezetimibe Tablets, administered in combination with a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-

CoA) reductase inhibitor (statin), is indicated as adjunctive therapy to diet for the reduction of elevated

total-C, LDL-C, Apo B, and non-HDL-C in patients with primary (heterozygous familial and non-

familial) hyperlipidemia.

Combination Therapy with Fenofibrate

Ezetimibe Tablets, administered in combination with fenofibrate, is indicated as adjunctive therapy to

diet for the reduction of elevated total-C, LDL-C, Apo B, and non-HDL-C in adult patients with mixed

hyperlipidemia.

1.2 Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia (HoFH)

The combination of Ezetimibe Tablets and atorvastatin or simvastatin is indicated for the reduction of

elevated total-C and LDL-C levels in patients with HoFH, as an adjunct to other lipid-lowering

treatments (e.g., LDL apheresis) or if such treatments are unavailable.

1.3 Homozygous Sitosterolemia

Ezetimibe Tablet is indicated as adjunctive therapy to diet for the reduction of elevated sitosterol and

campesterol levels in patients with homozygous familial sitosterolemia.

1.4 Limitations of Use

The effect of Ezetimibe Tablets on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality has not been determined.

Ezetimibe Tablets has not been studied in Fredrickson Type I, III, IV, and V dyslipidemias.

2 DOSAGE & ADMINISTRATION

2.1 General Dosing Information

The recommended dose of Ezetimibe Tablets is 10 mg once daily.

Ezetimibe Tablets can be administered with or without food.

2.2 Concomitant Lipid-Lowering Therapy

Ezetimibe Tablets may be administered with a statin (in patients with primary hyperlipidemia) or with

fenofibrate (in patients with mixed hyperlipidemia) for incremental effect. For convenience, the daily

dose of Ezetimibe Tablets may be taken at the same time as the statin or fenofibrate, according to the

dosing recommendations for the respective medications.

2.3 Co-Administration with Bile Acid Sequestrants

Dosing of Ezetimibe Tablets should occur either ≥2 hours before or ≥4 hours after administration of a

bile acid sequestrant [see Drug Interactions ( 7.4)] .

2.4 Patients with Hepatic Impairment

No dosage adjustment is necessary in patients with mild hepatic impairment [see Warnings and

Precautions ( 5.4)].

2.5 Patients with Renal Impairment

No dosage adjustment is necessary in patients with renal impairment [see Clinical Pharmacology (

12.3)]. When given with simvastatin in patients with moderate to severe renal impairment (estimated

glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m

), doses of simvastatin exceeding 20 mg should be used

with caution and close monitoring [see Use in Specific Populations ( 8.6)].

2.6 Geriatric Patients

No dosage adjustment is necessary in geriatric patients [see Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.3)].

3 DOSAGE FORMS & STRENGTHS

10-mg tablets are white to off white capsule shaped, flat faced, beveled edge tablets, debossed with

“A25 on one side and plain on other side.

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

Ezetimibe Tablet is contraindicated in the following conditions:

The combination of Ezetimibe Tablets with a statin is contraindicated in patients with active liver

disease or unexplained persistent elevations in hepatic transaminase levels.

Women who are pregnant or may become pregnant. Because statins decrease cholesterol synthesis

and possibly the synthesis of other biologically active substances derived from cholesterol,

Ezetimibe Tablets in combination with a statin may cause fetal harm when administered to pregnant

women.

Additionally, there is no apparent benefit to therapy during pregnancy, and safety in pregnant women has

not been established. If the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be

apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus and the lack of known clinical benefit with continued use

during pregnancy. [See Use in Specific Populations ( 8.1).]

Nursing mothers. Because statins may pass into breast milk, and because statins have the potential to

cause serious adverse reactions in nursing infants, women who require Ezetimibe Tablets treatment

in combination with a statin should be advised not to nurse their infants [see Use in Specific

Populations ( 8.3)].

Patients with a known hypersensitivity to any component of this product. Hypersensitivity reactions

including anaphylaxis, angioedema, rash and urticaria have been reported with Ezetimibe Tablets

[see Adverse Reactions ( 6.2)] .

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Use with Statins or Fenofibrate

Concurrent administration of Ezetimibe Tablets with a specific statin or fenofibrate should be in

accordance with the product labeling for that medication.

5.2 Liver Enzymes

In controlled clinical monotherapy studies, the incidence of consecutive elevations (≥3 x the upper limit

of normal [ULN]) in hepatic transaminase levels was similar between Ezetimibe Tablets (0.5%) and

placebo (0.3%).

In controlled clinical combination studies of Ezetimibe Tablets initiated concurrently with a statin, the

incidence of consecutive elevations (≥3 x ULN) in hepatic transaminase levels was 1.3% for patients

treated with Ezetimibe Tablets administered with statins and 0.4% for patients treated with statins alone.

These elevations in transaminases were generally asymptomatic, not associated with cholestasis, and

returned to baseline after discontinuation of therapy or with continued treatment. When Ezetimibe Tablet

is co-administered with a statin, liver tests should be performed at initiation of therapy and according to

the recommendations of the statin. Should an increase in ALT or AST ≥3 x ULN persist, consider

withdrawal of Ezetimibe Tablets and/or the statin.

5.3 Myopathy/Rhabdomyolysis

In clinical trials, there was no excess of myopathy or rhabdomyolysis associated with Ezetimibe

Tablets compared with the relevant control arm (placebo or statin alone). However, myopathy and

rhabdomyolysis are known adverse reactions to statins and other lipid-lowering drugs. In clinical trials,

the incidence of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) >10 x ULN was 0.2% for Ezetimibe Tablets vs. 0.1%

for placebo, and 0.1% for Ezetimibe Tablets co-administered with a statin vs. 0.4% for statins alone.

Risk for skeletal muscle toxicity increases with higher doses of statin, advanced age (>65),

hypothyroidism, renal impairment, and depending on the statin used, concomitant use of other drugs.

In post-marketing experience with Ezetimibe Tablets, cases of myopathy and rhabdomyolysis have been

reported. Most patients who developed rhabdomyolysis were taking a statin prior to initiating Ezetimibe

Tablets. However, rhabdomyolysis has been reported with Ezetimibe Tablets monotherapy and with the

addition of Ezetimibe Tablets to agents known to be associated with increased risk of rhabdomyolysis,

such as fibrates. Ezetimibe Tablets and any statin or fibrate that the patient is taking concomitantly should

be immediately discontinued if myopathy is diagnosed or suspected. The presence of muscle symptoms

and a CPK level >10 x the ULN indicates myopathy.

5.4 Hepatic Impairment

Due to the unknown effects of the increased exposure to ezetimibe in patients with moderate to severe

hepatic impairment, Ezetimibe Tablet is not recommended in these patients. [See Clinical Pharmacology (

12.3 ).]

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following serious adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the label:

Liver enzyme abnormalities [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2)]

Rhabdomyolysis and myopathy [see Warnings and Precautions ( 5.3)]

Monotherapy Studies: In the Ezetimibe Tablets controlled clinical trials database (placebo-controlled)

of 2396 patients with a median treatment duration of 12 weeks (range 0 to 39 weeks), 3.3% of patients on

Ezetimibe Tablets and 2.9% of patients on placebo discontinued due to adverse reactions. The most

common adverse reactions in the group of patients treated with Ezetimibe Tablets that led to treatment

discontinuation and occurred at a rate greater than placebo were:

Arthralgia (0.3%)

Dizziness (0.2%)

Gamma-glutamyltransferase increased (0.2%)

The most commonly reported adverse reactions (incidence ≥2% and greater than placebo) in the

Ezetimibe Tablets monotherapy controlled clinical trial database of 2396 patients were: upper

respiratory tract infection (4.3%), diarrhea (4.1%), arthralgia (3.0%), sinusitis (2.8%), and pain in

extremity (2.7%).

Statin Co-Administration Studies: In the Ezetimibe Tablets + statin controlled clinical trials database of

11,308 patients with a median treatment duration of 8 weeks (range 0 to 112 weeks), 4.0% of patients on

Ezetimibe Tablets + statin and 3.3% of patients on statin alone discontinued due to adverse reactions.

The most common adverse reactions in the group of patients treated with Ezetimibe Tablets + statin that

led to treatment discontinuation and occurred at a rate greater than statin alone were:

Alanine aminotransferase increased (0.6%)

Myalgia (0.5%)

Fatigue, aspartate aminotransferase increased, headache, and pain in extremity (each at 0.2%)

The most commonly reported adverse reactions (incidence ≥2% and greater than statin alone) in the

Ezetimibe Tablets + statin controlled clinical trial database of 11,308 patients were: nasopharyngitis

(3.7%), myalgia (3.2%), upper respiratory tract infection (2.9%), arthralgia (2.6%) and diarrhea (2.5%).

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical studies are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates

observed in the clinical studies of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical studies of

another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

Monotherapy

In 10 double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials, 2396 patients with primary hyperlipidemia (age

range 9 to 86 years, 50% women, 90% Caucasians, 5% Blacks, 3% Hispanics, 2% Asians) and elevated

LDL-C were treated with Ezetimibe Tablets 10 mg/day for a median treatment duration of 12 weeks

(range 0 to 39 weeks).

Adverse reactions reported in ≥2% of patients treated with Ezetimibe Tablets and at an incidence

greater than placebo in placebo-controlled studies of Ezetimibe Tablets, regardless of causality

assessment, are shown in Table 1.

TABLE 1: Clinical Adverse Reactions Occurring in 2% of Patients Treated with Ezetimibe

Tablets and at an Incidence Greater than Placebo, Regardless of Causality

Body System/Organ Class Adverse Reaction

Ezetimibe Tablets 10 mg (%) n

= 2396

Placebo (%) n = 1159

Gastrointestinal disorders

Diarrhea

General disorders and administration site conditions

Fatigue

Infections and infestations

Influenza

Sinusitis

Upper respiratory tract infection

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

Arthralgia

Pain in extremity

The frequency of less common adverse reactions was comparable between Ezetimibe Tablets and

placebo.

Combination with a Statin

In 28 double-blind, controlled (placebo or active-controlled) clinical trials, 11,308 patients with

primary hyperlipidemia (age range 10 to 93 years, 48% women, 85% Caucasians, 7% Blacks, 4%

Hispanics, 3% Asians) and elevated LDL-C were treated with Ezetimibe Tablets 10 mg/day

concurrently with or added to on-going statin therapy for a median treatment duration of 8 weeks (range

0 to 112 weeks).

The incidence of consecutive increased transaminases (≥3 x ULN) was higher in patients receiving

Ezetimibe Tablets administered with statins (1.3%) than in patients treated with statins alone (0.4%). [See

Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2).]

Clinical adverse reactions reported in ≥2% of patients treated with Ezetimibe Tablets + statin and at an

incidence greater than statin, regardless of causality assessment, are shown in Table 2.

TABLE 2: Clinical Adverse Reactions Occurring in 2% of Patients Treated with Ezetimibe

Tablets Co-Administered with a Statin and at an Incidence Greater than Statin, Regardless of

Caus ality

Body System/Organ Class Adverse Reaction

All Statins* (%) n = 9361

Ezetimibe Tablets + All Statins*

(%) n = 11,308

Gastrointestinal disorders

Diarrhea

General disorders and administration site conditions

Fatigue

Infections and infestations

Influenza

Nasopharyngitis

Upper respiratory tract infection

Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders

Arthralgia

Back pain

Myalgia

Pain in extremity

*All Statins = all doses of all statins

Combination with Fenofibrate

This clinical study involving 625 patients with mixed dyslipidemia (age range 20 to 76 years, 44%

women, 79% Caucasians, 0.1% Blacks, 11% Hispanics, 5% Asians) treated for up to 12 weeks and 576

patients treated for up to an additional 48 weeks evaluated co-administration of Ezetimibe Tablets and

fenofibrate. This study was not designed to compare treatment groups for infrequent events. Incidence

rates (95% CI) for clinically important elevations (≥3 x ULN, consecutive) in hepatic transaminase

levels were 4.5% (1.9, 8.8) and 2.7% (1.2, 5.4) for fenofibrate monotherapy (n=188) and Ezetimibe

Tablets co-administered with fenofibrate (n=183), respectively, adjusted for treatment exposure.

Corresponding incidence rates for cholecystectomy were 0.6% (95% CI: 0.0%, 3.1%) and 1.7% (95%

CI: 0.6%, 4.0%) for fenofibrate monotherapy and Ezetimibe Tablets co-administered with fenofibrate,

respectively [see Drug Interactions ( 7.3)] . The numbers of patients exposed to co-administration

therapy as well as fenofibrate and ezetimibe monotherapy were inadequate to assess gallbladder disease

risk. There were no CPK elevations >10 x ULN in any of the treatment groups.

6.2 Post-Marketing Experience

Because the reactions below are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is generally

not possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

The following additional adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of Ezetimibe

T ablets:

Hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, angioedema, rash, and urticaria; erythema multiforme;

arthralgia; myalgia; elevated creatine phosphokinase; myopathy/rhabdomyolysis [see Warnings and

Precautions ( 5.3)] ; elevations in liver transaminases; hepatitis; abdominal pain; thrombocytopenia;

pancreatitis; nausea; dizziness; paresthesia; depression; headache; cholelithiasis; cholecystitis.

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

[See Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.3).]

7.1 Cyclosporine

Caution should be exercised when using Ezetimibe Tablets and cyclosporine concomitantly due to

increased exposure to both ezetimibe and cyclosporine. Cyclosporine concentrations should be

monitored in patients receiving Ezetimibe Tablets and cyclosporine.

The degree of increase in ezetimibe exposure may be greater in patients with severe renal

insufficiency. In patients treated with cyclosporine, the potential effects of the increased exposure to

ezetimibe from concomitant use should be carefully weighed against the benefits of alterations in lipid

levels provided by ezetimibe.

7.2 Fibrates

The efficacy and safety of co-administration of ezetimibe with fibrates other than fenofibrate have not

been studied.

Fibrates may increase cholesterol excretion into the bile, leading to cholelithiasis. In a preclinical study

in dogs, ezetimibe increased cholesterol in the gallbladder bile [see Nonclinical Toxicology ( 13.2)] . Co-

administration of Ezetimibe Tablets with fibrates other than fenofibrate is not recommended until use in

patients is adequately studied.

7.3 Fenofibrate

If cholelithiasis is suspected in a patient receiving Ezetimibe Tablets and fenofibrate, gallbladder

studies are indicated and alternative lipid-lowering therapy should be considered [see Adverse Reactions

( 6.1) and the product labeling for fenofibrate] .

7.4 Cholestyramine

Concomitant cholestyramine administration decreased the mean area under the curve (AUC) of total

ezetimibe approximately 55%. The incremental LDL-C reduction due to adding ezetimibe to

cholestyramine may be reduced by this interaction.

7.5 Coumarin Anticoagulants

If ezetimibe is added to warfarin, a coumarin anticoagulant, the International Normalized Ratio (INR)

should be appropriately monitored.

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category C:

There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of ezetimibe in pregnant women. Ezetimibe should be

used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the risk to the fetus.

In oral (gavage) embryo-fetal development studies of ezetimibe conducted in rats and rabbits during

organogenesis, there was no evidence of embryolethal effects at the doses tested (250, 500, 1000

mg/kg/day). In rats, increased incidences of common fetal skeletal findings (extra pair of thoracic ribs,

unossified cervical vertebral centra, shortened ribs) were observed at 1000 mg/kg/day (~10 x the human

exposure at 10 mg daily based on AUC

for total ezetimibe). In rabbits treated with ezetimibe, an

increased incidence of extra thoracic ribs was observed at 1000 mg/kg/day (150 x the human exposure

at 10 mg daily based on AUC

for total ezetimibe). Ezetimibe crossed the placenta when pregnant

rats and rabbits were given multiple oral doses.

Multiple-dose studies of ezetimibe given in combination with statins in rats and rabbits during

organogenesis result in higher ezetimibe and statin exposures. Reproductive findings occur at lower

doses in combination therapy compared to monotherapy.

All statins are contraindicated in pregnant and nursing women. When Ezetimibe Tablet is

administered with a statin in a woman of childbearing potential, refer to the pregnancy category

and product labeling for the statin. [See Contraindications ( 4).]

8.3 Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether ezetimibe is excreted into human breast milk. In rat studies, exposure to total

ezetimibe in nursing pups was up to half of that observed in maternal plasma. Because many drugs are

excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Ezetimibe Tablet is administered to a nursing

woman. Ezetimibe Tablets should not be used in nursing mothers unless the potential benefit justifies the

potential risk to the infant.

8.4 Pediatric Use

The effects of Ezetimibe Tablets co-administered with simvastatin (n=126) compared to simvastatin

monotherapy (n=122) have been evaluated in adolescent boys and girls with heterozygous familial

hypercholesterolemia (HeFH). In a multicenter, double-blind, controlled study followed by an open-

label phase, 142 boys and 106 postmenarchal girls, 10 to 17 years of age (mean age 14.2 years, 43%

females, 82% Caucasians, 4% Asian, 2% Blacks, 13% multi-racial) with HeFH were randomized to

receive either Ezetimibe Tablets co-administered with simvastatin or simvastatin monotherapy. Inclusion

in the study required 1) a baseline LDL-C level between 160 and 400 mg/dL and 2) a medical history

and clinical presentation consistent with HeFH. The mean baseline LDL-C value was 225 mg/dL (range:

161 to 351 mg/dL) in the Ezetimibe Tablets co-administered with simvastatin group compared to 219

mg/dL (range: 149 to 336 mg/dL) in the simvastatin monotherapy group. The patients received co-

administered Ezetimibe Tablets and simvastatin (10 mg, 20 mg, or 40 mg) or simvastatin monotherapy

(10 mg, 20 mg, or 40 mg) for 6 weeks, co-administered Ezetimibe Tablets and 40 mg simvastatin or 40

mg simvastatin monotherapy for the next 27 weeks, and open-label co-administered Ezetimibe Tablets

and simvastatin (10 mg, 20 mg, or 40 mg) for 20 weeks thereafter.

The results of the study at Week 6 are summarized in Table 3. Results at Week 33 were consistent with

those at Week 6.

TABLE 3: Mean Percent Difference at Week 6 Between the Pooled Ezetimibe Tablets Co-

0-24hr

0-24hr

Administered with Simvastatin Group and the Pooled Simvastatin Monotherapy Group in Adolescent

Patients with Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia

Total-C

LDL-C

Apo B

Non-HDL-

HDL-C

Mean

percent

difference

between

treatment groups

-12%

-15%

-12%

-14%

+0.1%

95% Confidence Interval

(-15%,-

(-18%,-

12%)

(-15%, -

(-17%, -

11%)

(-9%,

+4%)

(-3%,

+3%)

* For triglycerides, median % change from baseline

From the start of the trial to the end of Week 33, discontinuations due to an adverse reaction occurred in

7 (6%) patients in the Ezetimibe Tablets co-administered with simvastatin group and in 2 (2%) patients in

the simvastatin monotherapy group.

During the trial, hepatic transaminase elevations (two consecutive measurements for ALT and/or AST

≥3 x ULN) occurred in four (3%) individuals in the Ezetimibe Tablets co-administered with simvastatin

group and in two (2%) individuals in the simvastatin monotherapy group. Elevations of CPK (≥10 x

ULN) occurred in two (2%) individuals in the Ezetimibe Tablets co-administered with simvastatin group

and in zero individuals in the simvastatin monotherapy group.

In this limited controlled study, there was no significant effect on growth or sexual maturation in the

adolescent boys or girls, or on menstrual cycle length in girls.

Co-administration of Ezetimibe Tablets with simvastatin at doses greater than 40 mg/day has not been

studied in adolescents. Also, Ezetimibe Tablets has not been studied in patients younger than 10 years of

age or in pre-menarchal girls.

Based on total ezetimibe (ezetimibe + ezetimibe-glucuronide), there are no pharmacokinetic differences

between adolescents and adults. Pharmacokinetic data in the pediatric population <10 years of age are

not available.

8.5 Geriatric Use

Monotherapy Studies

Of the 2396 patients who received Ezetimibe Tablets in clinical studies, 669 (28%) were 65 and older,

and 111 (5%) were 75 and older.

Statin Co-Administration Studies

Of the 11,308 patients who received Ezetimibe Tablets + statin in clinical studies, 3587 (32%) were 65

and older, and 924 (8%) were 75 and older.

No overall differences in safety and effectiveness were observed between these patients and younger

patients, and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the

elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out [see

Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.3)] .

8.6 Renal Impairment

When used as monotherapy, no dosage adjustment of Ezetimibe Tablets is necessary.

In the Study of Heart and Renal Protection (SHARP) trial of 9270 patients with moderate to severe renal

impairment (6247 non-dialysis patients with median serum creatinine 2.5 mg/dL and median estimated

glomerular filtration rate 25.6 mL/min/1.73 m

, and 3023 dialysis patients), the incidence of serious

adverse events, adverse events leading to discontinuation of study treatment, or adverse events of

special interest (musculoskeletal adverse events, liver enzyme abnormalities, incident cancer) was

similar between patients ever assigned to ezetimibe 10 mg plus simvastatin 20 mg (n=4650) or placebo

(n=4620) during a median follow-up of 4.9 years. However, because renal impairment is a risk factor

for statin-associated myopathy, doses of simvastatin exceeding 20 mg should be used with caution and

close monitoring when administered concomitantly with Ezetimibe Tablets in patients with moderate to

severe renal impairment.

8.7 Hepatic Impairment

Ezetimibe Tablet is not recommended in patients with moderate to severe hepatic impairment [see

Warnings and Precautions ( 5.4) and Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.3)].

Ezetimibe Tablets given concomitantly with a statin is contraindicated in patients with active liver

disease or unexplained persistent elevations of hepatic transaminase levels [see Contraindications ( 4);

Warnings and Precautions ( 5.2) and Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.3)].

10 OVERDOSAGE

In clinical studies, administration of ezetimibe, 50 mg/day to 15 healthy subjects for up to 14 days, 40

mg/day to 18 patients with primary hyperlipidemia for up to 56 days, and 40 mg/day to 27 patients with

homozygous sitosterolemia for 26 weeks was generally well tolerated. One female patient with

homozygous sitosterolemia took an accidental overdose of ezetimibe 120 mg/day for 28 days with no

reported clinical or laboratory adverse events.

In the event of an overdose, symptomatic and supportive measures should be employed.

11 DESCRIPTION

Ezetimibe, USP is in a class of lipid-lowering compounds that selectively inhibits the intestinal

absorption of cholesterol and related phytosterols. The chemical name of ezetimibe, USP is 1-(4-

fluorophenyl)-3(R)-[3-(4-fluorophenyl)-3(S)-hydroxypropyl]-4(S)-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-azetidinone.

The empirical formula is C

. Its molecular weight is 409.4 and its structural formula is:

Ezetimibe, USP is a white to off white, crystalline powder that is soluble in methanol. Ezetimibe, USP

has a melting point of about 163°C and is stable at ambient temperature. Ezetimibe Tablet, USP is

available as a tablet for oral administration containing 10 mg of ezetimibe, USP and the following

inactive ingredients: lactose monohydrate, croscarmellose sodium, Hypromellose, sodium lauryl

sulfate, crospovidone, microcrystaline cellulose, and magnesium stearate.

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

Ezetimibe reduces blood cholesterol by inhibiting the absorption of cholesterol by the small intestine.

In a 2-week clinical study in 18 hypercholesterolemic patients, Ezetimibe Tablets inhibited intestinal

cholesterol absorption by 54%, compared with placebo. Ezetimibe Tablets had no clinically meaningful

effect on the plasma concentrations of the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, and E (in a study of 113 patients),

and did not impair adrenocortical steroid hormone production (in a study of 118 patients).

The cholesterol content of the liver is derived predominantly from three sources. The liver can

synthesize cholesterol, take up cholesterol from the blood from circulating lipoproteins, or take up

cholesterol absorbed by the small intestine. Intestinal cholesterol is derived primarily from cholesterol

secreted in the bile and from dietary cholesterol.

Ezetimibe has a mechanism of action that differs from those of other classes of cholesterol-reducing

compounds (statins, bile acid sequestrants [resins], fibric acid derivatives, and plant stanols). The

molecular target of ezetimibe has been shown to be the sterol transporter, Niemann-Pick C1-Like 1

(NPC1L1), which is involved in the intestinal uptake of cholesterol and phytosterols.

Ezetimibe does not inhibit cholesterol synthesis in the liver, or increase bile acid excretion. Instead,

ezetimibe localizes at the brush border of the small intestine and inhibits the absorption of cholesterol,

leading to a decrease in the delivery of intestinal cholesterol to the liver. This causes a reduction of

hepatic cholesterol stores and an increase in clearance of cholesterol from the blood; this distinct

mechanism is complementary to that of statins and of fenofibrate [see Clinical Studies ( 14.1)] .

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

Clinical studies have demonstrated that elevated levels of total-C, LDL-C and Apo B, the major protein

constituent of LDL, promote human atherosclerosis. In addition, decreased levels of HDL-C are

associated with the development of atherosclerosis. Epidemiologic studies have established that

cardiovascular morbidity and mortality vary directly with the level of total-C and LDL-C and inversely

with the level of HDL-C. Like LDL, cholesterol-enriched triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, including

very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL), intermediate-density lipoproteins (IDL), and remnants, can also

promote atherosclerosis. The independent effect of raising HDL-C or lowering TG on the risk of

coronary and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality has not been determined.

Ezetimibe Tablets reduces total-C, LDL-C, Apo B, non-HDL-C, and TG, and increases HDL-C in

patients with hyperlipidemia. Administration of Ezetimibe Tablets with a statin is effective in improving

serum total-C, LDL-C, Apo B, non-HDL-C, TG, and HDL-C beyond either treatment alone.

Administration of Ezetimibe Tablets with fenofibrate is effective in improving serum total-C, LDL-C,

Apo B, and non-HDL-C in patients with mixed hyperlipidemia as compared to either treatment alone.

The effects of ezetimibe given either alone or in addition to a statin or fenofibrate on cardiovascular

morbidity and mortality have not been established.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

After oral administration, ezetimibe is absorbed and extensively conjugated to a pharmacologically

active phenolic glucuronide (ezetimibe-glucuronide). After a single 10-mg dose of Ezetimibe Tablets

to fasted adults, mean ezetimibe peak plasma concentrations (Cmax) of 3.4 to 5.5 ng/mL were attained

within 4 to 12 hours (Tmax).Ezetimibe-glucuronide mean Cmax values of 45 to 71 ng/mL were achieved

between 1 and 2 hours (Tmax). There was no substantial deviation from dose proportionality between 5

and 20 mg. The absolute bioavailability of ezetimibecannot be determined, as the compound is virtually

insoluble in aqueous media suitable for injection.

Effect of Food on Oral Absorption

Concomitant food administration (high-fat or non-fat meals) had no effect on the extent of absorption of

ezetimibe when administered as Ezetimibe tablets 10-mg tablets. The Cmax value of ezetimibe was

increased by 38% with consumption of high-fat meals. Ezetimibe Tablets can be administered with or

without food.

Distribution

Ezetimibe and ezetimibe-glucuronide are highly bound (>90%) to human plasma proteins.

Metabolism and Excretion

Ezetimibe is primarily metabolized in the small intestine and liver via glucuronide conjugation (a phase

II reaction) with subsequent biliary and renal excretion. Minimal oxidative metabolism (a phase I

reaction) has been observed in all species evaluated.

In humans, ezetimibe is rapidly metabolized to ezetimibe-glucuronide. Ezetimibe and ezetimibe-

glucuronide are the majordrug-derived compounds detected in plasma, constituting approximately 10 to

20%and 80 to 90% of the total drug in plasma, respectively. Both ezetimibe and ezetimibe-glucuronide

are eliminated from plasma with a half-life of approximately 22 hours for both ezetimibe and ezetimibe-

glucuronide. Plasma concentration-time profiles exhibit multiple peaks, suggesting enterohepatic

recycling.

Following oral administration of 14C-ezetimibe (20 mg) to human subjects, total ezetimibe (ezetimibe +

ezetimibe-glucuronide) accounted for approximately 93% of the total radioactivity in plasma. After 48

hours, there were no detectable levels of radioactivity in the plasma.

Approximately 78% and 11% of the administered radio activity were recovered in the feces and urine,

respectively, over a 10-day collection period. Ezetimibe was the major component in feces and

accounted for 69% of the administered dose, while ezetimibe-glucuronide was the major component in

urine and accounted for 9% of the administered dose.

Specific Populations

Geriatric Patients: In a multiple-dose study with ezetimibe given 10 mg once daily for 10 days, plasma

concentrations for total ezetimibe were about 2-fold higher in older (≥65 years) healthy subjects

compared to younger subjects.

Pediatric Patients: [See Use in Specific Populations ( 8.4) .]

Gender: In a multiple-dose study with ezetimibe given 10 mg once daily for 10 days, plasma

concentrations for total ezetimibe were slightly higher (<20%) in women than in men.

Race: Based on a meta-analysis of multiple-dose pharmacokinetic studies, there were no

pharmacokinetic differences between Black and Caucasian subjects. Studies in Asian subjects indicated

that the pharmacokinetics of ezetimibe were similar to those seen in Caucasian subjects.

HepaticImpairment: After a single 10-mg dose of ezetimibe, the mean AUC for total ezetimibe was

increased approximately 1.7-fold in patients with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh score 5 to 6),

compared to healthy subjects. The mean AUC values for total ezetimibe and ezetimibe were increased

approximately 3- to 4-fold and 5- to 6-fold,respectively, in patients with moderate (Child-Pugh score 7

to 9) or severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh score 10 to 15). In a 14-day, multiple-dose study (10 mg

daily) in patients with moderate hepatic impairment, the mean AUC values for total ezetimibe and

ezetimibe were increased approximately 4-fold on Day 1 and Day 14 compared to healthy subjects. Due

to the unknown effects ofthe increased exposure to ezetimibe in patients with moderate or severe

hepatic impairment, Ezetimibe Tablet is not recommended in these patients [see Warnings and

Precautions ( 5.4) ].

Renal Impairment: After a single 10-mg dose of ezetimibe in patients with severe renal disease (n=8;

mean CrCl ≤30mL/min/1.73 m2), the mean AUC values for total ezetimibe,ezetimibe-glucuronide, and

ezetimibe were increased approximately 1.5-fold, compared to healthy subjects (n=9).

Drug Interactions [See also Drug Interactions ( 7)]

Ezetimibe Tablets had no significant effect on a series of probe drugs (caffeine, dextromethorphan,

tolbutamide, and IVmidazolam) known to be metabolized by cytochrome P450 (1A2, 2D6, 2C8/9 and

3A4)in a “cocktail” study of twelve healthy adult males. This indicates that ezetimibe is neither an

inhibitor nor an inducer of these cytochrome P450 isozymes, and it is unlikely that ezetimibe will affect

the metabolism of drugs that are metabolized by these enzymes.

TABLE 4: Effect of Co-Administered Drugs on Total Ezetimibe

Co-Administered Drug and Dosing Regimen

Total Ezetimibe*

Change in AUC Change in Cmax

Cyclosporine-stable dose required (75 to 150 mg BID)†, ‡

↑240%

↑290%

Fenofibrate, 200 mg QD, 14 days‡

↑48%

↑64%

Gemfibrozil, 600 mg BID, 7 days‡

↑64%

↑91%

Cholestyramine, 4 g BID, 14 days‡

↓55%

↓4%

Aluminum & magnesium hydroxide combination antacid, single dose§ ↓4%

↓30%

Cimetidine, 400 mg BID, 7 days

↑6%

↑22%

Glipizide, 10 mg, single dose

↑4%

↓8%

Statins

Lovastatin 20 mg QD, 7 days

↑9%

↑3%

Pravastatin 20 mg QD, 14 days

↑7%

↑23%

Atorvastatin 10 mg QD, 14 days

↓2%

↑12%

Rosuvastatin 10 mg QD, 14 days

↑13%

↑18%

Fluvastatin 20 mg QD, 14 days

↓19%

↑7%

* Based on 10 mg dose of ezetimibe

† Post-renal transplant patients with mild impaired or normal renal function. In a different study, a renal

transplant patient with severe renal insufficiency (creatinine clearance of 13.2 mL/min/1.73 m2) who was

receiving multiple medications, including cyclosporine, demonstrated a 12-fold greater exposure to

total ezetimibe compared to healthy subjects.

‡ See Drug Interactions ( 7).

§ Supralox, 20 mL.

TABLE 5: Effect of Ezetimibe Co-Administration on Systemic Exposure to Other Drugs

Co-Administered Drug

Ezetimibe Dosage

Change in AUC of

Change in Cmax of

and its Dosage Regimen Regimen

Co-Adminis tered

Drug

Co-Adminis tered

Drug

Warfarin, 25 mg single

dose on day 7

10 mg QD, 11 days

↓2% (R-warfarin) ↓4%

(S-warfarin)

↑3% (R-warfarin) ↑1%

(S-warfarin)

Digoxin, 0.5 mg single

dose

10 mg QD, 8 days

↑2%

↓7%

Gemfibrozil, 600 mg BID,

7 days*

10 mg QD, 7 days

↓1%

↓11%

Ethinyl estradiol &

Levonorgestrel, QD, 21

days

10 mg QD, days 8 to14 of

21d oral contraceptive cycle

Ethinyl estradiol 0%

Levonorgestrel 0%

Ethinyl estradiol ↓9%

Levonorgestrel ↓5%

Glipizide, 10 mg on days 1

and 9

10 mg QD, days 2 to 9

↓3%

↓5%

Fenofibrate, 200 mg QD,

14 days*

10 mg QD, 14 days

↑11%

↑7%

Cyclosporine, 100 mg

single dose day 7*

20 mg QD, 8 days

↑15%

↑10%

Statins

Lovastatin 20 mg QD, 7

days

10 mg QD, 7 days

↑19%

↑3%

Pravastatin 20 mg QD, 14

days

10 mg QD, 14 days

↓20%

↓24%

Atorvastatin 10 mg QD, 14

days

10 mg QD, 14 days

↓4%

↑7%

Rosuvastatin 10 mg QD,

14 days

10 mg QD, 14 days

↑19%

↑17%

Fluvastatin 20 mg QD, 14

days

10 mg QD, 14 days

↓39%

↓27%

* See Drug Interactions ( 7).

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis & Impairment Of Fertility

A 104-week dietary carcinogenicity study with ezetimibe was conducted in rats at doses up to 1500

mg/kg/day (males) and 500 mg/kg/day (females) (~20 x the human exposure at 10 mg daily based on

for total ezetimibe). A 104-week dietary carcinogenicity study with ezetimibe was also

conducted in mice at doses up to 500 mg/kg/day (>150 x the human exposure at 10 mg daily based on

for total ezetimibe). There were no statistically significant increases in tumor incidences in

drug-treated rats or mice.

No evidence of mutagenicity was observed in vitro in a microbial mutagenicity (Ames) test with

Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli with or without metabolic activation. No evidence of

clastogenicity was observed in vitro in a chromosomal aberration assay in human peripheral blood

lymphocytes with or without metabolic activation. In addition, there was no evidence of genotoxicity in

the in vivo mouse micronucleus test.

In oral (gavage) fertility studies of ezetimibe conducted in rats, there was no evidence of reproductive

toxicity at doses up to 1000 mg/kg/day in male or female rats (~7 x the human exposure at 10 mg daily

based on AUC

for total ezetimibe).

13.2 Animal Pharmacology & OR Toxicology

The hypocholesterolemic effect of ezetimibe was evaluated in cholesterol-fed Rhesus monkeys, dogs,

rats, and mouse models of human cholesterol metabolism. Ezetimibe was found to have an ED

value

of 0.5 mcg/kg/day for inhibiting the rise in plasma cholesterol levels in monkeys. The ED

values in

dogs, rats, and mice were 7, 30, and 700 mcg/kg/day, respectively. These results are consistent with

Ezetimibe Tablets being a potent cholesterol absorption inhibitor.

In a rat model, where the glucuronide metabolite of ezetimibe (SCH 60663) was administered

0-24hr

0-24hr

0-24hr

intraduodenally, the metabolite was as potent as the parent compound (SCH 58235) in inhibiting the

absorption of cholesterol, suggesting that the glucuronide metabolite had activity similar to the parent

drug.

In 1-month studies in dogs given ezetimibe (0.03 to 300 mg/kg/day), the concentration of cholesterol in

gallbladder bile increased ~2- to 4-fold. However, a dose of 300 mg/kg/day administered to dogs for

one year did not result in gallstone formation or any other adverse hepatobiliary effects. In a 14-day

study in mice given ezetimibe (0.3 to 5 mg/kg/day) and fed a low-fat or cholesterol-rich diet, the

concentration of cholesterol in gallbladder bile was either unaffected or reduced to normal levels,

respectively.

A series of acute preclinical studies was performed to determine the selectivity of Ezetimibe Tablets

for inhibiting cholesterol absorption. Ezetimibe inhibited the absorption of

C-cholesterol with no

effect on the absorption of triglycerides, fatty acids, bile acids, progesterone, ethinyl estradiol, or the

fat-soluble vitamins A and D.

In 4- to 12-week toxicity studies in mice, ezetimibe did not induce cytochrome P450 drug metabolizing

enzymes. In toxicity studies, a pharmacokinetic interaction of ezetimibe with statins (parents or their

active hydroxy acid metabolites) was seen in rats, dogs, and rabbits.

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Primary Hyperlipidemia

Ezetimibe Tablets reduces total-C, LDL-C, Apo B, non-HDL-C, and TG, and increases HDL-C in

patients with hyperlipidemia. Maximal to near maximal response is generally achieved within 2 weeks

and maintained during chronic therapy.

Monotherapy

In two multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 12-week studies in 1719 patients with primary

hyperlipidemia, Ezetimibe Tablets significantly lowered total-C, LDL-C, Apo B, non-HDL-C, and TG,

and increased HDL-C compared to placebo (see Table6). Reduction in LDL-C was consistent across

age, sex, and baseline LDL-C.

TABLE 6: Response to Ezetimibe Tablets in Patients with Primary Hyperlipidemia (Mean* % Change

from Untreated Baseline†)

Treatment Group

Total-C LDL-C Apo B Non-HDL-C TG* HDL-C

Study 1‡

Placebo

Ezetimibe

Study 2‡

Placebo

Ezetimibe

Pooled Data‡ (Studies 1 & 2)

Placebo

Ezetimibe

1288

* For triglycerides, median % change from baseline

† Baseline - on no lipid-lowering drug

‡Ezetimibe Tablets significantly reduced total-C, LDL-C, Apo B, non-HDL-C, and TG, and increased

HDL-C compared to placebo.

Combination with Statins

Ezetimibe Tablets Added to On-going Statin Therapy

In a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 8-week study, 769 patients with primary

hyperlipidemia, known coronary heart disease or multiple cardiovascular risk factors who were already

receiving statin monotherapy, but who had not met their NCEP ATP II target LDL-C goal were

randomized to receive either Ezetimibe Tablets or placebo in addition to their on-going statin.

Ezetimibe Tablets, added to on-going statin therapy, significantly lowered total-C, LDL-C, Apo B, non-

HDL-C, and TG, and increased HDL-C compared with a statin administered alone (see Table 7). LDL-C

reductions induced by Ezetimibe Tablets were generally consistent across all statins.

TABLE 7: Response to Addition of Ezetimibe Tablets to On-Going Statin Therapy* in Patients with

Hyperlipidemia (Mean† % Change from Treated Baseline‡)

Treatment (Daily Dose)

Total-C LDL-C Apo B Non-HDL-C TG† HDL-C

On-going Statin + Placebo§

On-going Statin + Ezetimibe Tablets § 379

* Patients receiving each statin: 40% atorvastatin, 31% simvastatin, 29% others (pravastatin, fluvastatin,

cerivastatin, lovastatin)

† For triglycerides, median % change from baseline

‡ Baseline - on a statin alone.

§ Ezetimibe Tablets + statin significantly reduced total-C, LDL-C, Apo B, non-HDL-C, and TG, and

increased HDL-C compared to statin alone.

Ezetimibe Tablets Initiated Concurrently with a Statin

In four multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 12-week trials, in 2382 hyperlipidemic patients,

Ezetimibe Tablets or placebo was administered alone or with various doses of atorvastatin, simvastatin,

pravastatin, or lovastatin.

When all patients receiving Ezetimibe Tablets with a statin were compared to all those receiving the

corresponding statin alone, Ezetimibe Tablets significantly lowered total-C, LDL-C, Apo B, non-HDL-

C, and TG, and, with the exception of pravastatin, increased HDL-C compared to the statin administered

alone. LDL-C reductions induced by Ezetimibe Tablets were generally consistent across all statins.

(See footnote ‡, Tables 8 to 11.)

TABLE 8: Response to Ezetimibe Tablets and Atorvastatin Initiated Concurrently in Patients with

Primary Hyperlipidemia (Mean* % Change from Untreated Baseline†)

Treatment (Daily Dose)

T otal-

LDL-

Non-HDL-

TG*HDL-C

Placebo

Ezetimibe Tablets

Atorvastatin 10 mg

Ezetimibe Tablets + Atorvastatin 10 mg

Atorvastatin 20 mg

Ezetimibe Tablets + Atorvastatin 20 mg

Atorvastatin 40 mg

Ezetimibe Tablets + Atorvastatin 40 mg

Atorvastatin 80 mg

Ezetimibe Tablets + Atorvastatin 80 mg

Pooled data (All Atorvastatin Doses)‡

Pooled data (All Ezetimibe Tablets + Atorvastatin

Doses)‡

* For triglycerides, median % change from baseline

† Baseline - on no lipid-lowering drug

‡ Ezetimibe Tablets + all doses of atorvastatin pooled (10 to 80 mg) significantly reduced total-C,

LDL-C, Apo B, non-HDL-C, and TG, and increased HDL-C compared to all doses of atorvastatin

pooled (10 to 80 mg).

TABLE 9: Response to Ezetimibe Tablets and Simvastatin Initiated Concurrently in Patients with

Primary Hyperlipidemia (Mean* % Change from Untreated Baseline†)

Treatment (Daily Dose)

T otal-

LDL-

Non-HDL-

TG*HDL-C

Placebo

Ezetimibe Tablets

Simvastatin 10 mg

Ezetimibe Tablets + Simvastatin 10 mg

Simvastatin 20 mg

Ezetimibe Tablets + Simvastatin 20 mg

Simvastatin 40 mg

Ezetimibe Tablets + Simvastatin 40 mg

Simvastatin 80 mg

Ezetimibe Tablets + Simvastatin 80 mg

Pooled data (All Simvastatin Doses)‡

Pooled

data

(All

Ezetimibe

Tablets

Simvastatin

Doses)‡

* For triglycerides, median % change from baseline

† Baseline - on no lipid-lowering drug

‡ Ezetimibe Tablets + all doses of simvastatin pooled (10 to 80 mg) significantly reduced total-C, LDL-

C, Apo B, non-HDL-C, and TG, and increased HDL-C compared to all doses of simvastatin pooled (10

to 80 mg).

TABLE 10: Response to Ezetimibe Tablets and Pravastatin Initiated Concurrently in Patients with

Primary Hyperlipidemia (Mean* % Change from Untreated Baseline†)

Treatment (Daily Dose)

T otal-

LDL-

Non-HDL-

TG*HDL-C

Placebo

Ezetimibe Tablets

Pravastatin 10 mg

Ezetimibe Tablets + Pravastatin 10 mg

Pravastatin 20 mg

Ezetimibe Tablets + Pravastatin 20 mg

Pravastatin 40 mg

Ezetimibe Tablets + Pravastatin 40 mg

Pooled data (All Pravastatin Doses)‡

Pooled

data

(All

Ezetimibe

Tablets

Pravastatin

Doses)‡

* For triglycerides, median % change from baseline

† Baseline - on no lipid-lowering drug

‡ Ezetimibe Tablets + all doses of pravastatin pooled (10 to 40 mg) significantly reduced total-C, LDL-

C, Apo B, non-HDL-C, and TG compared to all doses of pravastatin pooled (10 to 40 mg).

TABLE 11: Response to Ezetimibe Tablets and Lovastatin Initiated Concurrently in Patients with

Primary Hyperlipidemia (Mean* % Change from Untreated Baseline†)

Treatment (Daily Dose)

T otal-

LDL-

Apo B Non-HDL-

TG*HDL-C

Placebo

Ezetimibe Tablets

Lovastatin 10 mg

Ezetimibe Tablets + Lovastatin 10 mg

Lovastatin 20 mg

Ezetimibe Tablets + Lovastatin 20 mg

Lovastatin 40 mg

Ezetimibe Tablets + Lovastatin 40 mg

Pooled data (All Lovastatin Doses)‡

Pooled

data

(All

Ezetimibe

Tablets

Lovastatin

Doses)‡

* For triglycerides, median % change from baseline

† Baseline - on no lipid-lowering drug

‡ Ezetimibe Tablets + all doses of lovastatin pooled (10 to 40 mg) significantly reduced total-C, LDL-

C, Apo B, non-HDL-C, and TG, and increased HDL-C compared to all doses of lovastatin pooled (10 to

40 mg).

Combination with Fenofibrate

In a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical study in patients with mixed hyperlipidemia,

625 patients were treated for up to 12 weeks and 576 for up to an additional 48 weeks. Patients were

randomized to receive placebo, Ezetimibe Tablets alone, 160 mg fenofibrate alone, or Ezetimibe

Tablets and 160 mg fenofibrate in the 12-week study. After completing the 12-week study, eligible

patients were assigned to Ezetimibe Tablets co-administered with fenofibrate or fenofibrate

monotherapy for an additional 48 weeks.

Ezetimibe Tablets co-administered with fenofibrate significantly lowered total-C, LDL-C, Apo B, and

non-HDL-C compared to fenofibrate administered alone. The percent decrease in TG and percent

increase in HDL-C for Ezetimibe Tablets co-administered with fenofibrate were comparable to those

for fenofibrate administered alone (see Table 12).

TABLE 12: Response to Ezetimibe Tablets and Fenofibrate Initiated Concurrently in Patients with

Mixed Hyperlipidemia (Mean* % Change from Untreated Baseline† at 12 weeks)

Treatment (Daily Dose)

Total-C LDL-C Apo B TG* HDL-C Non-HDL-C

Placebo

Ezetimibe Tablets

Fenofibrate 160 mg

Ezetimibe Tablets + Fenofibrate 160 mg 183

* For triglycerides, median % change from baseline

† Baseline - on no lipid-lowering drug

The changes in lipid endpoints after an additional 48 weeks of treatment with Ezetimibe Tablets co-

administered with fenofibrate or with fenofibrate alone were consistent with the 12-week data displayed

above.

14.2 Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia (HoFH)

A study was conducted to assess the efficacy of Ezetimibe Tablets in the treatment of HoFH. This

double-blind, randomized, 12-week study enrolled 50 patients with a clinical and/or genotypic diagnosis

of HoFH, with or without concomitant LDL apheresis, already receiving atorvastatin or simvastatin (40

mg). Patients were randomized to one of three treatment groups, atorvastatin or simvastatin (80 mg),

Ezetimibe Tablets administered with atorvastatin or simvastatin (40 mg), or Ezetimibe Tablets

administered with atorvastatin or simvastatin (80 mg). Due to decreased bioavailability of ezetimibe in

patients concomitantly receiving cholestyramine [see Drug Interactions ( 7.4)] , ezetimibe was dosed at

least 4 hours before or after administration of resins. Mean baseline LDL-C was 341 mg/dL in those

patients randomized to atorvastatin 80 mg or simvastatin 80 mg alone and 316 mg/dL in the group

randomized to Ezetimibe Tablets plus atorvastatin 40 or 80 mg or simvastatin 40 or 80 mg. Ezetimibe

Tablets, administered with atorvastatin or simvastatin (40 and 80 mg statin groups, pooled), significantly

reduced LDL-C (21%) compared with increasing the dose of simvastatin or atorvastatin monotherapy

from 40 to 80 mg (7%). In those treated with Ezetimibe Tablets plus 80 mg atorvastatin or with

Ezetimibe Tablets plus 80 mg simvastatin, LDL-C was reduced by 27%.

14.3 Homozygous Sitosterolemia (Phytosterolemia)

A study was conducted to assess the efficacy of Ezetimibe Tablets in the treatment of homozygous

sitosterolemia. In this multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 8-week trial, 37 patients with

homozygous sitosterolemia with elevated plasma sitosterol levels (>5 mg/dL) on their current

therapeutic regimen (diet, bile-acid-binding resins, statins, ileal bypass surgery and/or LDL apheresis),

were randomized to receive Ezetimibe Tablets (n=30) or placebo (n=7). Due to decreased

bioavailability of ezetimibe in patients concomitantly receiving cholestyramine [see Drug Interactions (

7.4)] , ezetimibe was dosed at least 2 hours before or 4 hours after resins were administered. Excluding

the one subject receiving LDL apheresis, Ezetimibe Tablets significantly lowered plasma sitosterol and

campesterol, by 21% and 24% from baseline, respectively. In contrast, patients who received placebo

had increases in sitosterol and campesterol of 4% and 3% from baseline, respectively. For patients

treated with Ezetimibe Tablets, mean plasma levels of plant sterols were reduced progressively over

the course of the study. The effects of reducing plasma sitosterol and campesterol on reducing the risks

of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality have not been established.

Reductions in sitosterol and campesterol were consistent between patients taking Ezetimibe Tablets

concomitantly with bile acid sequestrants (n=8) and patients not on concomitant bile acid sequestrant

therapy (n=21).

Limitations of Use

The effect of Ezetimibe Tablets on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality has not been determined.

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

Ezetimibe Tablets, USP 10 mg, are white to off white capsule shaped, flat faced, beveled edge

tablets, debossed with ‘A25’ on one side and plain on other side. They are supplied as follows:

NDC 67877-490-30 bottles of 30

NDC 67877-490-90 bottles of 90

NDC 67877-490-01 bottles of 100

NDC 67877-490-05 bottles of 500

NDC 67877-490-55 bottles of 5000.

Storage

Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted between 15 to 30°C (59 to 86°F). [See USP Controlled

Room Temperature.] Protect from moisture.

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

See FDA-Approved Patient Labeling (Patient Information).

Patients should be advised to adhere to their National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)-

recommended diet, a regular exercise program, and periodic testing of a fasting lipid panel.

17.1 Muscle Pain

All patients starting therapy with ezetimibe should be advised of the risk of myopathy and told to report

promptly any unexplained muscle pain, tenderness or weakness. The risk of this occurring is increased

when taking certain types of medication. Patients should discuss all medication, both prescription and

over-the-counter, with their physician.

17.2 Liver Enzymes

Liver tests should be performed when Ezetimibe Tablet is added to statin therapy and according to statin

recommendations.

17.3 Pregnancy

Women of childbearing age should be advised to use an effective method of birth control to prevent

pregnancy while using Ezetimibe Tablets added to statin therapy. Discuss future pregnancy plans with

your patients, and discuss when to stop combination Ezetimibe Tablets and statin therapy if they are

trying to conceive. Patients should be advised that if they become pregnant they should stop taking

combination Ezetimibe Tablets and statin therapy and call their healthcare professional.

17.4 Breastfeeding

Women who are breastfeeding should be advised to not use Ezetimibe Tablets added to statin therapy.

Patients who have a lipid disorder and are breastfeeding should be advised to discuss the options with

their healthcare professionals.

Manufactured by:

Alkem Laboratories Ltd.

Mumbai - 400 013, INDIA

Distributed by:

Ascend Laboratories, LLC

Parsippany, NJ 07054

Revised: March,2017

PT 2508-01

MEDICATION GUIDE

Ezetimibe Tablets, USP 10 mg

Patient Information about Ezetimibe (ĕ-zĕt´-ĕ-mīb) Tablets, USP

Read this information carefully before you start taking Ezetimibe Tablets and each time you get more

Ezetimibe Tablets. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking

with your doctor about your medical condition or your treatment. If you have any questions about

Ezetimibe Tablets, ask your doctor. Only your doctor can determine if Ezetimibe Tablets is right for

you.

What is Ezetimibe Tablets?

Ezetimibe Tablet is a medicine used to lower levels of total cholesterol and LDL (bad) cholesterol in

the blood. Ezetimibe Tablet is for patients who cannot control their cholesterol levels by diet and

exercise alone. It can be used by itself or with other medicines to treat high cholesterol. You should

stay on a cholesterol-lowering diet while taking this medicine.

Ezetimibe Tablets works to reduce the amount of cholesterol your body absorbs. Ezetimibe Tablets

does not help you lose weight. Ezetimibe Tablets has not been shown to prevent heart disease or heart

attacks.

For more information about cholesterol, see the “What should I know about high cholesterol?” section

that follows.

Who should not take Ezetimibe Tablets?

Do not take Ezetimibe Tablets if you are allergic to ezetimibe, the active ingredient in Ezetimibe

Tablets, or to the inactive ingredients. For a list of inactive ingredients, see the “Inactive ingredients”

section that follows.

If you have active liver disease, do not take Ezetimibe Tablets while taking cholesterol-lowering

medicines called statins.

If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, do not take Ezetimibe Tablets while taking a statin.

If you are a woman of childbearing age, you should use an effective method of birth control to

prevent pregnancy while using Ezetimibe Tablets added to statin therapy.

Ezetimibe Tablets has not been studied in children under age 10.

What should I tell my doctor before and while taking Ezetimibe Tablets?

Tell your doctor about any prescription and non-prescription medicines you are taking or plan to take,

including natural or herbal remedies.

Tell your doctor about all your medical conditions including allergies.

Tell your doctor if you:

ever had liver problems. Ezetimibe Tablets may not be right for you.

are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Your doctor will discuss with you whether Ezetimibe Tablet

is right for you.

are breast-feeding. We do not know if Ezetimibe Tablets can pass to your baby through your milk.

Your doctor will discuss with you whether Ezetimibe Tablet is right for you.

experience unexplained muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness.

How should I take Ezetimibe Tablets?

Take Ezetimibe Tablets once a day, with or without food. It may be easier to remember to take your

dose if you do it at the same time every day, such as with breakfast, dinner, or at bedtime. If you also

take another medicine to reduce your cholesterol, ask your doctor if you can take them at the same time.

If you forget to take Ezetimibe Tablets, take it as soon as you remember. However, do not take more

than one dose of Ezetimibe Tablets a day.

Continue to follow a cholesterol-lowering diet while taking Ezetimibe Tablets. Ask your doctor if

you need diet information.

Keep taking Ezetimibe Tablets unless your doctor tells you to stop. It is important that you keep taking

Ezetimibe Tablets even if you do not feel sick.

See your doctor regularly to check your cholesterol level and to check for side effects. Your doctor

may do blood tests to check your liver before you start taking Ezetimibe Tablets with a statin and during

treatment.

What are the possible side effects of Ezetimibe Tablets?

In clinical studies patients reported few side effects while taking Ezetimibe Tablets. These included

diarrhea, joint pains, and feeling tired.

Patients have experienced severe muscle problems while taking Ezetimibe Tablets, usually when

Ezetimibe Tablets was added to a statin drug. If you experience unexplained muscle pain, tenderness, or

weakness while taking Ezetimibe Tablets, contact your doctor immediately. You need to do this

promptly, because on rare occasions, these muscle problems can be serious, with muscle breakdown

resulting in kidney damage.

Additionally, the following side effects have been reported in general use: allergic reactions (which

may require treatment right away) including swelling of the face, lips, tongue, and/or throat that may

cause difficulty in breathing or swallowing, rash, and hives; raised red rash, sometimes with target-

shaped lesions; joint pain; muscle aches; alterations in some laboratory blood tests; liver problems;

stomach pain; inflammation of the pancreas; nausea; dizziness; tingling sensation; depression; headache;

gallstones; inflammation of the gallbladder.

Tell your doctor if you are having these or any other medical problems while on Ezetimibe Tablets.

For a complete list of side effects, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

What should I know about high cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a type of fat found in your blood. Your total cholesterol is made up of LDL and HDL

cholesterol.

LDL cholesterol is called “bad” cholesterol because it can build up in the wall of your arteries and

form plaque. Over time, plaque build-up can cause a narrowing of the arteries. This narrowing can slow

or block blood flow to your heart, brain, and other organs. High LDL cholesterol is a major cause of

heart disease and one of the causes for stroke.

HDL cholesterol is called “good” cholesterol because it keeps the bad cholesterol from building up in

the arteries.

Triglycerides also are fats found in your blood.

General information about Ezetimibe Tablets

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for conditions that are not mentioned in patient information leaflets.

Do not use Ezetimibe Tablets for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give Ezetimibe

Tablets to other people, even if they have the same condition you have. It may harm them.

This summarizes the most important information about Ezetimibe Tablets. If you would like more

information, talk with your doctor. You can ask your pharmacist or doctor for information about

Ezetimibe Tablets that is written for health professionals.

Inactive ingredients:

Lactose monohydrate, croscarmellose sodium, Hypromellose, sodium lauryl sulfate, crospovidone,

microcrystaline cellulose, and magnesium stearate.

Manufactured by:

Alkem Laboratories Ltd.

Mumbai - 400 013, INDIA

Distributed by:

Ascend Laboratories, LLC

Parsippany, NJ 07054

Revised: March,2017

PT 2509

DRUG: Ezetimibe

GENERIC: Ezetimibe

DOSAGE: TABLET

ADMINSTRATION: ORAL

NDC: 70518-2262-0

COLOR: white

SHAPE: OVAL

SCORE: No score

SIZE: 8 mm

IMPRINT: A25

PACKAGING: 90 in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC

ACTIVE INGREDIENT(S):

EZETIMIBE 10mg in 1

INACTIVE INGREDIENT(S):

CELLULOSE, MICROCRYSTALLINE

CROSPOVIDONE

LACTOSE MONOHYDRATE

MAGNESIUM STEARATE

CROSCARMELLOSE SODIUM

HYPROMELLOSES

SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE

EZETIMIBE

ezetimibe tablet

REMEDYREPACK INC.

Product Information

Product T ype

HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG

Ite m Code (Source )

NDC:70 518 -226 2(NDC:6 78 77-49 0 )

Route of Administration

ORAL

Active Ingredient/Active Moiety

Ingredient Name

Basis of Strength

Stre ng th

EZETIMIBE (UNII: EOR26 LQQ24) (EZETIMIBE - UNII:EOR26 LQQ24)

EZETIMIBE

10 mg

Inactive Ingredients

Ingredient Name

Stre ng th

LACTO SE MO NO HYDRATE (UNII: EWQ57Q8 I5X)

CRO SCARMELLO SE SO DIUM (UNII: M28 OL1HH48 )

HYPRO MELLO SES (UNII: 3NXW29 V3WO)

SO DIUM LAURYL SULFATE (UNII: 36 8 GB5141J)

CRO SPO VIDO NE (UNII: 6 8 40 19 6 0 MK)

CELLULO SE, MICRO CRYSTALLINE (UNII: OP1R32D6 1U)

MAGNESIUM STEARATE (UNII: 70 0 9 7M6 I30 )

Product Characteristics

Color

white (white to o ff white)

S core

no sco re

S hap e

OVAL (Capsule shaped)

S iz e

8 mm

Flavor

Imprint Code

Contains

Packag ing

#

Item Code

Package Description

Marketing Start

Date

Marketing End

Date

1

NDC:70 518 -226 2-

9 0 in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC; Type 0 : No t a Co mbinatio n

Pro duc t

0 8 /12/20 19

Marketing Information

Marke ting Cate gory

Application Numbe r or Monograph Citation

Marke ting Start Date

Marke ting End Date

ANDA

ANDA20 9 234

0 8 /12/20 19

Labeler -

REMEDYREPACK INC. (829572556)

Revised: 8/2019

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